Rice, California

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Rice, California
Ghost town
Rice, California is located in California
Rice, California
Rice, California
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 34°5′1″N 114°50′59″W / 34.08361°N 114.84972°W / 34.08361; -114.84972Coordinates: 34°5′1″N 114°50′59″W / 34.08361°N 114.84972°W / 34.08361; -114.84972
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Elevation 832 ft (254 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 0
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
GNIS feature ID 248157[1]

Rice, California, formerly named Blythe Junction, is a vacant town site in the southern tip of the Mojave Desert in unincorporated San Bernardino County, California, United States.

History[edit]

The town, located on present-day California State Route 62 between Twentynine Palms, California and the Arizona state line, grew around a Santa Fe Railroad subdivision[2] and siding. The subdivision and siding are still in use, but have since changed hands and currently belong to the Arizona and California Railroad, a short line serving southeastern California from Rice to Cadiz, California and southwestern Arizona at Parker. It was the starting point of the abandoned Ripley Branch that goes through Blythe to Ripley, California.

Rice Army Airfield/Rice Airport[edit]

Main article: Rice Army Airfield

To the east of Rice is the Rice Municipal Airport, which was acquired by the United States Army's 4th Air Support Command in 1942 as a sub-base of Thermal Army Airfield,[3] and was operational by the end of the year. While the airfield's date of construction is unknown, it was not depicted on a 1932 Los Angeles Airways Chart, indicating construction sometime in the ten years between 1932 and 1942. Rice Army Airfield consisted of two intersecting paved 5,000 foot runways and numerous dispersal pads south of the runways. In 1944 the airfield was transferred from Thermal Army Airfield to March Field. Operations at Rice Field were ended by August 1944, and the field was declared surplus on 31 October 1944.[4] One source has indicated that Rice Army Airfield was at one time considered as the site for the world's first atomic-bomb test ("Trinity"), but most military historians discount this possibiliity.[5]

In July 2010 a movie was filmed at the site of the old service station and shoe fence.[6]

Rice Shoe Tree[edit]

Rice became noted for its Rice Shoe Tree, a lone tamarisk on a turnout just south of the highway. For reasons unknown, it became customary for travelers on Highway 62 (also known as Rice Road) to and from the Colorado River to hang an old shoe on the tree's branches. The tree was featured on California's Gold, a PBS program hosted by Huell Howser. The tree burned to the ground in 2003 in a fire of suspicious origin, after which a 'shoe garden' replaced it; a fence on which people hang shoes instead. Travelers still stop to spell their names on the nearby Arizona and California Railroad right-of-way with the multi-colored volcanic rock used as ballast. Hand-assembled graffiti lines the railroad for the entire distance that it parallels Highway 62.

Present day[edit]

Shot of the Shoe Fence - July 28, 2011

At some point during the period 1944-48, Rice Army Airfield was renamed Rice Airport and began operations as a public civilian airport, housing a small flight school for missionaries. Between 1952 and 1955, Rice Airport was changed to a private field, and by 1960 it had been abandoned. As of 2007, no standing structures remain and little evidence exists of the airport's former existence.[4]

There are no standing buildings and no residents in Rice at present. A hand-painted sign on the western outskirts of the town once announced that the townsite was for sale, but that sign has since been removed. The only building which remains in any condition is a demolished service station.

In 2011 it was featured in Fast Five during the train scene in the beginning of the movie.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rice, California". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Defined as "A portion of a division designated by timetable." http://www.transportation-dictionary.org/Railroad-Dictionary/Subdivision Railroad Dictionary; accessed 31 July 2012
  3. ^ http://www.militarymuseum.org/ThermalAAF.html
  4. ^ a b [1] Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields: California: Southeastern San Bernardino County
  5. ^ "The base was considered the best location to detonate the first atomic bomb; but White Sands Proving Ground was selected for the Trinity (nuclear test) because Manhattan Project manager Leslie Groves did not want to deal with base commanding general George S. Patton." (http://www.cddc.vt.edu/host/atomic/trinity/trinity1.html%7Ctitle=Trinity Atomic Web Site|publisher=Walker, Gregory|accessdate=2010-08-20)
  6. ^ http://www.imdb.com/search/title?locations=Rice,%20California,%20USA

External links[edit]