Richard Airey, 1st Baron Airey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Lord Airey
Richardairey.jpg
Lord Airey.
Born 1803
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom
Died 1881 (aged 77 or 78)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Crimean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Legion of Honour (France)
Caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1873

General Richard Airey, 1st Baron Airey GCB (1803 – 14 September 1881), known as Sir Richard Airey between 1855 and 1876, was a British general.

Background[edit]

Born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Airey was the eldest son of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey and his wife Catherine Talbot, daughter of Richard Talbot and Margaret Talbot, 1st Baroness Talbot of Malahide.[1]

Military career[edit]

Airey was educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and entered the army as an ensign of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot in 1821.[1] He became captain in 1825, and served as aide-de-camp on the staff of Sir Frederick Adam in the Ionian Islands (1827–1830) and on that of Lord Aylmer in North America (1830–1832).[1] In 1838 Airey, then a lieutenant-colonel, went to the Royal Horse Guards as assistant adjutant-general,[2] where in 1852 he became Military Secretary to the commander-in-chief, Lord Hardinge.[1]

In 1854 he was given a brigade command in the army sent out to the East, from which, however, he was rapidly transferred to the onerous and difficult post of Quartermaster-General under Lord Raglan, in which capacity he served through the campaign in the Crimean War.[1] He was reported upon most favorably by his superiors, Lord Raglan and Sir James Simpson and for his performance was made a major-general in December 1854 and was awarded a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB). Following Raglan's instructions, Airey issued the fateful order for the Charge of the Light Brigade.[1] He was also criticised for incompetence in the provision of supplies and transport.[1] Airey demanded an inquiry on his return to England, which took place under Lord Seaton and which cleared him completely, but he never recovered from the effects of persecution from his critics.[1]

In 1855 he returned to London to become Quartermaster-General to the Forces at home.[1] In 1862 he was promoted to lieutenant-general, and from 1865 to 1870 he was Governor of Gibraltar, being appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in 1867.[1] In 1870 he became Adjutant-General to the Forces at headquarters, and in the following year attained the full rank of general.[1] On 29 November 1876, on his retirement, he was elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Airey, of Killingworth in the County of Northumberland.[3] During 1879–1880 he presided over the celebrated Airey Commission on army reform.[1]

Family[edit]

In 1838, he married his cousin, Harriet Mary Everard Talbot, daughter of James Talbot, 3rd Baron Talbot of Malahide.[2] Their only daughter, Hon. Katherine Margaret Airey (d. 22 May 1896) married Sir Geers Cottrell, 3rd Baronet. Airey died at the house of Lord Wolseley, at Leatherhead, when his title became extinct.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Richard Airey at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ a b Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 86. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24386. p. 6301. 24 November 1876.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Lord FitzRoy Somerset
Military Secretary
1852–1854
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Yorke
Preceded by
Sir James Freeth
Quartermaster-General to the Forces
1855–1865
Succeeded by
Sir James Grant
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir William Codrington
Governor of Gibraltar
1865–1870
Succeeded by
Sir William Williams
Military offices
Preceded by
Lord Paulet
Adjutant General
1870–1876
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Ellice
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Benjamin Auchmuty
Colonel of the 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot
1868–1876
Succeeded by
George Henry Waller
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Airey
1876–1881
Extinct