Richard Barham Middleton (28 October 1882 – 1 December 1911) was a British poet, who is remembered mostly for his short ghost stories, in particular The Ghost Ship. 
After education at Cranbrook School, Kent, he worked in London for the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation bank, as a clerk, from 1901 to 1907. Unhappy in this, he affected a Bohemian life at night; he is mentioned, in disguised terms, in Arthur Ransome's Bohemia in London. Middleton spent the last nine months of his life in Brussels. There, in December 1911, he took his life by poisoning himself with chloroform. His reputation was kept alive by Edgar Jepson and Arthur Machen( who wrote an introduction to Middleton's collection, The Ghost Ship  )and then later by John Gawsworth. His stories have appeared in many anthologies.
An encounter with the young Raymond Chandler is said to have influenced the latter into postponing his career as writer.
- Poems and Songs (1912)
- Poems and Songs Second Series (1912)
- The Day Before Yesterday (1912) essays
- The Ghost Ship: And Other Stories (1912)
- Monologues (1913)
- Queen Melanie And the Woodboy (1931) novel
- The Pantomime Man (1933) stories
- Richard Middleton (1937, Richards Press) poems
- ^ Darrell Schweitzer, Richard Middleton: Beauty, Sadness, and Terror. in: Schweitzer, Darrell, ed. Discovering Classic Horror Fiction I. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont, 1992.ISBN 1-55742-084-X (pp.34-40).
- ^ Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, ©1995 Gale Cengage
- ^ Mark Valentine, Arthur Machen. Seren, 1995. ISBN 185411123X, (p. 79).
- ^ Raymond Chandler: Raymond Chandler Speaking, Dorothy Gardiner, Kathrine Sorley Walker (Hrsg.), Seite 24, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1962, ISBN 978-0-520-20835-3.