Richard Barnes (bishop)
|The Rt Revd
|Bishop of Durham|
|Church||Church of England|
|Diocese||Diocese of Durham|
|Elected||9 May 1575 (election confirmed)|
|Installed||19 May 1575|
|Term ended||1587 (death)|
|Other posts||Bishop of Carlisle (1570–1575)
Bishop suffragan of Nottingham (1567–1570)
Bold, south Lancashire
|Died||24 August 1587(aged 54–56)|
|Spouse||Fredesmund Barnes née Gifford|
|Children||Mary Jocelyn née Barnes|
|Alma mater||Brasenose College, Oxford|
Early life, education and family
He was born in Bold which was then a village near St Helens in south Lancashire. He attended Farnworth Grammar School and then was admitted to Brasenose College, Oxford. Here he was elected a fellow in 1552, and received his BA in 1553. This was followed by a BD and then a postgraduate MA in 1557. Finally he became a DD in 1579.
He married Fredesmund Gifford in the 1560s. Their daughter Mary was born about 1567; she married Richard Jocelyn of Hyde Hall in Sawbridgeworth. (Jocelyn was an ancestor of the Baronets Jocelyn of Hyde Hall, the Viscounts Jocelyn and the Earls of Roden by his second wife Joyce Atkinson.)
In 1567 he was appointed Bishop suffragan of Nottingham and later, in 1570, was appointed Bishop of Carlisle. As bishop, he soon gained a reputation as someone dedicated to seeking out recusants. In 1575 he was translated to Durham, as a result of the patronage of Lord Burghley. It seems that he was on bad terms with Edmund Grindal, then Archbishop of Canterbury. One possible reason for this is that Barnes disapproved of Grindal's refusal to suppress the prophesyings - which refusal had led to Grindal being suspended from office.
At the first Metropolitan Visitation of Barnes' tenure, in 1577, Edwin Sandys, the Archbishop of York delegated his authority to Barnes. However, he met determined opposition from the Dean, William Whittingham, who refused to allow him in to the chapter house. In retaliation, Barnes excommunicated Whittingham. Barnes later, during a legitimate episcopal visitation, described the diocese's affairs thus:
- ...that Augiae Stabulum, the church of Durham ... whose stink is grievous in the nose of God and of men and which to purge far passeth Hercules' labours (BL, Lansdowne MS. 25, fols. 161–2)
However, the conspiracy against Whittingham was brought to an end by the dean's death in 1579.
- The Injunctions and other Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Richard Barnes, Bishop of Durham, from 1575 to 1587: p. IX (Accessed 1 February 2014)
- "Richard Barnes". Ancestral File. FamilySearch. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- Barns-Graham, Peter Charles. "Jocelyn01". Stirnet. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- "Mary Barnes". Ancestral File. FamilySearch. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- Foster, Alan, A History of Farnworth Church, its Parish and Village, 1981.
|Church of England titles|
|New title||Bishop of Nottingham
Title next held byHenry Mackenzie
|Bishop of Carlisle
|Bishop of Durham