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29 November 1926|
Tavoy, British Burma
|Died||11 January 1985
New Delhi, India
Richard Lawrence Bartholomew (1926–1985) was an art critic, photographer, painter, poet and writer.
Richard Bartholomew fled from Tavoy (Dawei), Burma (Myanmar), where he was born, during the Second World War. To escape the Japanese capture of Burma and the imminent persecution on account of their Christian names, Bartholomew fled with his family, walking the General Stilwell Road from Mandalay to Ledo in upper Assam, India. His schooling at St. Paul's School in Rangoon (Yangon) was interrupted because of the Japanese invasion and Bartholomew finished high school in Delhi's Cambridge School. He received his Bachelor's and Master's Degree from St. Stephen's College, Delhi in 1950. While at St. Stephens, he met Rati Batra, his future wife, who was herself a refugee from Pakistan who came to India during the Partition in 1947. Bartholomew lived in India as a stateless citizen until 1967 when he gained Indian citizenship, thereby closing all possibilities of returning to Burma which had become a dictatorship from the early 1960s.
Photographer, Painter, Poet
Bartholomew pursued a career not only as an art critic but also as a writer, poet, painter and curator. Solo shows of his work were held in Delhi and Bombay in the 1950s. Between then and the 1970s, he keenly documented life around him through photography. Though he rarely exhibited his photographic work during his lifetime, his pictures intimately portrayed his family and his circle of artist friends and associates and his travels in India and the US.
Art Critic & Writer
Bartholomew was a pioneering art critic in that he was one of the first to initiate dialogue with the painters. He fostered a sense of community within the artists and communicated their ideals to the public who were not entirely receptive or convinced of the daring, artistic exploration of India's Progressive Art Movement.
Through numerous reviews published from the early 1950s until the late 1970s in publications like The Indian Express, The Times of India and Thought, Bartholomew documented the artistic trajectories of painters such as Francis Newton Souza, Tyeb Mehta, Biren De, Ram Kumar, Akbar Padamsee, SH Raza, Krishen Khanna, Sailoz Mookherjea, Bhupen Khakkar, Satish Gujral; sculptors like Ramkinkar Baij, Dhanraj Bhagat, Chintamoni Kar, Somnath Hore, Sankho Chaudhuri; graphic artists including Kanwal Krishna, Devayani Krishna, Krishna Reddy, Jagmohan Chopra, Jyoti Bhatt as well as renowned photographers Raghu Rai and TS Satyan.
Besides a series of articles on Indian and Tibetan art, Bartholomew also co-authored, Husain, a monograph on M.F. Husain which was published by Harry Abrams, New York in 1972. In 1974, he published a monograph on Krishna Reddy. He also wrote poems and short stories which were published in magazines including Thought and Illustrated Weekly.
Gallerist & Curator
Bartholomew was the Gallery Director of Kunika-Chemould, New Delhi's first commercial gallery for contemporary art. Subsequently, from 1966–1973, he worked with the Tibet House, New Delhi as their curator and development officer where he personally catalogued the Dalai Lama's collection of religious artefacts and travelled with them to the US and Japan. He was also the recipient of the Asian Cultural Council's John D. Rockefeller 3rd Award in 1970. He was appointed Commissioner of the Silver Jubilee of Indian Independence exhibition held in Washington DC in 1973 and travelled to UK in 1982 as a British Council Visitor and as Commissioner of the Festival of India Exhibition held in Britain in 1982. Bartholomew served as the Secretary of the Lalit Kala Akademi from 1977 to 1985.
Barely 58, Bartholomew died in office in 1985. He is survived by his wife Rati Bartholomew and his two sons Pablo and Robin.
- Husain. (Harry N Abrams, New York, 1971, co-authored by Shiv Kapur)
- Krishna Reddy Krishna Reddy. (Contemporary Indian Art Series, Lalit Kala Akademi, India, 1974)
- The Story of Siddhartha's Release. (Writers Workshop, India, 1972)
- Poems. (Writers Workshop, India, 1973)
- The Cycle (sonnets). (Writers Workshop, 1986)
- A Critic's Eye. (PHOTOINK, New Delhi, Chatterjee & Lal, Mumbai & Sepia International, New York, 2009)
- The Official website
- Ram Rahman on Photography in India, Seminar
- The Hindustan Times, Mint Review of 'A Critic's Eye', an exhibition of Bartholomew's photographs at Sepia International Gallery, New York
- The Indian Express Review of 'A Critic's Eye', an exhibition of Bartholomew's photographs at PHOTOINK, New Delhi
- The Hindu Review of 'A Critic's Eye' at PHOTOINK, New Delhi
- The Hindustan Times Review of 'A Critic's Eye' at PHOTOINK, New Delhi
- The Asian Age Review of 'A Critic's Eye' at PHOTOINK, New Delhi