Richard Bruno Heydrich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Bruno Heydrich
Brunoheydrich.jpg
Born (1865-02-23)23 February 1865
Leuben, Kingdom of Saxony
Died 24 August 1938(1938-08-24) (aged 73)
near Dresden, Germany
Nationality German
Occupation musician
Known for founding Halle Conservatory
Spouse(s) Elisabeth Krantz (died 1946)
Children Reinhard Heydrich (died 1942)
Heinz Heydrich (died 1944)
Maria Heydrich

Richard Bruno Heydrich (23 February 1865 – 24 August 1938) was a German opera singer (tenor), and composer.

Early career[edit]

Heydrich, son of a piano builder, was a contrabassist in the Meiningen Court Orchestra and Dresden. In Weimar, he began his career as a singer. He was also a member of the Men's Association Schlaraffia.[1] In 1895, he sang the title role in the premiere of Hans Pfitzner's first opera Der Arme Heinrich. The young Pfitzner could find no one for the role. Heydrich made the offer to perform free of charge once a stage had been found.[citation needed]

Composer[edit]

Heydrich composed choral works, songs, orchestral works and operas in the style of Richard Wagner, which were performed in Cologne and Leipzig. These works never entered the standard repertoire. Heydrich left behind about 83 compositions. In 1899, he founded in a music conservatory Halle an der Saale which bore his name.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Heydrich's wife Elisabeth, née Krantz, came from a wealthy family and was the daughter of the head of the Royal Conservatory of Dresden, Eugen Krantz. She met Richard Bruno Heydrich when he was a student at the conservatory. In Halle an der Saale, Richard Bruno Heydrich, Elisabeth, and their children lived in a second floor apartment, Gütchenstraße 20. Richard Bruno Heydrich’s eldest son, SS General Reinhard Heydrich (1904–1942), was named after the hero of his first opera, Amen. Heinz Heydrich, Reinhard's younger brother, committed suicide in 1944.[2]

Richard Bruno Heydrich died at a spa near Dresden, where his death certificate was issued.[3] His crypt is in the Stadtgottesacker, Halle an der Saale.

Works[edit]

In Prague, the day before his assassination, Reinhard Heydrich and wife Lina Heydrich attend a concert of Richard Bruno Heydrich's music in the Waldstein Palace, 26 May 1942.

Chamber music[edit]

  • Klaviertrio op. 2
  • Streichquartett op. 3
  • Klavierquintett op. 5

Lieder[edit]

  • Abschied O komm doch mein Mädchen: Lied für eine Singstimme mit Klavierbegleitung
  • op. 1, No. 3 Drei Lieder für eine Singstimme mit Begleitung des Pianoforte (Das Mädchen spricht: Mond, hast du auch geseh’n)
  • op. 74 Annemarie, Lied mit Klavierbegleitung für eine mittlere Stimme (Text von Julius Freund)
  • op. 75 Reiterlied

Operas[edit]

  • Amen (1895): Opern-Drama in 1 Akte u. e. musikalisch-pantomimischen Vorspiele
  • Frieden (1907): Oper
  • Zufall (1914) Oper in 1 Akt
  • Das Leiermädchen (Volksoper)

Orchestral music[edit]

  • Sinfonie D-Major op. 57

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hugo Riemann. Musiklexikon. Max Hesses Verlag, Berlin, 1929.
  2. ^ Lehrer, Steven (2000). Wannsee House and the Holocaust. McFarland. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-7864-0792-7. 
  3. ^ Shlomo Aronson. Reinhard Heydrich und die Frühgeschichte von Gestapo und SD. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 1971, p. 256.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aronson, Shlomo (1984) [1971]. Reinhard Heydrich und die Frühgeschichte von Gestapo und SD. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. ISBN 978-3-421-01569-3. 
  • Gerwarth, Robert (2011). Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11575-8. 
  • Lehrer, Steven (2002). Hitler Sites: A City-by-City Guidebook (Austria, Germany, France, United States). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1045-0. 
  • Lehrer, Steven (2006). The Reich Chancellery and Führerbunker Complex: An Illustrated History of the Seat of the Nazi Regime. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2393-5. 
  • Spemanns Goldenes Buch der Musik, Eine Hauskunde für Jedermann. Stuttgart 1906.

External links[edit]