Richard Butler (general)
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April 1, 1743|
|Died||November 4, 1791
Fort Recovery, Ohio
United States Army
|Years of service||1776-1783, 1791|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Saratoga;
Battle of Monmouth;
St. Clair's Defeat
|Awards||Society of the Cincinnati|
Born in St. Bridget's Parish, Dublin, Ireland, Richard Butler was the oldest son of Thomas and Eleanor (Parker) Butler. Thomas Butler was an Irish aristocrat who served in the British army. In 1748 he opened a gun shop in Dublin, but that same year the family moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where Thomas learned to make the Pennsylvania long rifles used in the French and Indian War.
By 1760, the family had moved to the frontier at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where Thomas and his sons manufactured long rifles and became friends with Daniel Morgan. The Butler gun shop still stands in Carlisle.
At the outset of the American Revolution, the Continental Congress named Richard Butler a commissioner in 1775 to negotiate with the Indians. He visited representatives of the Delaware, Shawnee, and other tribes to secure their support, or at least neutrality, in the war with Britain.
In 1776, Butler was commissioned a major in the Continental Army, serving first as second in command to his friend Daniel Morgan. He saw action at the Battle of Saratoga and the Battle of Monmouth. His four brothers also served, and were noted for their bravery as the "fighting Butlers."
At Yorktown, George Washington conferred on Richard Butler the honor of receiving Cornwallis' sword of surrender, an honor which Richard gave to his second in command, Ebenezer Denny. At the last moment, Baron von Steuben demanded that he receive the sword. This almost precipitated a duel between Butler and Von Steuben.
At the victory dinner for his officers, George Washington raised his glass and toasted, "The Butlers and their five sons!"
Butler was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati.
Post American Revolution activity
After the war, the Confederation Congress put Richard Butler in charge of Indians of the Northwest Territory. He negotiated the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1784, in which the Iroquois surrendered their lands. He was also called upon during later negotiations, such as the Treaty of Fort McIntosh in 1785.
Butler returned to Pennsylvania, and was a judge in Allegheny County. He also served in the state legislature. He married Maria Smith and had four children, only one who lived to have children and continue his line. Butler also fathered a son, Captain Butler (or Tamanatha) with Shawnee chieftess Nonhelema. Butler and his Shawnee son fought in opposing armies in 1791.
Butler County, Ohio, where Fort Hamilton stood, is named for Richard Butler, as are Butler County, Kentucky, and Butler County, Pennsylvania. The city of Butler, Pennsylvania and the General Richard Butler Bridge (located in the city of Butler) are also named for him.
- Blount, Jim (12 March 1989). "The Butler We're Named For, Gen. Richard Butler". Hamilton Journal-News (Hamilton, OH). Retrieved 09 Nov 2010.
- Winkler, John F (2011). Wabash 1791. St. Clair's defeat. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-84908-676-9.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34.
- Yale University (1892). A catalogue, with descriptive notices, of the portraits, busts, etc., belonging to Yale University. New Haven CT: Press of Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor. pp. 16–17.
- Website of General Richard Butler Chapter, DAR. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pagrbdar/index.html
- Chichester, Henry Manners (1886). "Butler, Richard (d.1791)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 8. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Francis Samuel Drake, ed. (1879). "Butler, Richard". Dictionary of American Biography. Houghton; Osgood. pp. 149–150.