Richard Causton, 1st Baron Southwark
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Southwark
|"A cheery Paymaster"
Causton as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, June 1906
12 December 1905 – 23 February 1910
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
|Preceded by||Sir Savile Crossley, Bt|
|Succeeded by||Hon. Ivor Guest|
|Born||25 September 1843
|Died||23 February 1929|
Richard Knight Causton, 1st Baron Southwark PC, DL (25 September 1843 – 23 February 1929) was an English stationer and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1880 and 1910. In the same year he was raised to the peerage and sat in the House of Lords.
Causton was born in Deptford, Kent the son of Sir Joseph Causton alderman and sheriff of London and his wife Mary Anne Porter, daughter of Edward Porter. He was a partner in the firm of Causton and sons, stationers and printers in Eastcheap, Southwark Street and Cary Street. He was a commissioner of lieutenancy for the City of London and a member of the Worshipful Company of Skinners of which he was master in 1877.
Causton unsuccessfully contested Colchester in 1874, but was successfully returned for the constituency in 1880. However, he lost his seat in 1885 and once again stood unsuccessfully for the constituency in 1886. In 1888 he was successfully returned for Southwark West in a by-election, a seat he held until 1910. He served under William Ewart Gladstone and the Earl of Rosebery as a Junior Lord of the Treasury between 1892 and 1895 and continued as Liberal Whip until 1905. When the Liberals returned to power in December 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Causton was made Paymaster-General. In January 1906 he was sworn of the Privy Council. He remained as Paymaster-General until 1910, the last two years under the premiership of H. H. Asquith. He lost his seat in parliament in 1910. The same year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Southwark, of Southwark in the County of London.
Lord Southwark died in February 1929, aged 85. The barony became extinct on his death.
- Essex Archives Online: Richard Knight Causton (1843-1929), member of Parliament for Colchester, 1880-1885
- Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Clonmel to Cork County West
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Southend to Stamford
- The London Gazette: . 19 December 1905.
- The London Gazette: . 9 January 1906.
- The London Gazette: . 22 July 1910.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Richard Causton
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Colchester
With: William Willis
Henry John Trotter
|Member of Parliament for Southwark West
Sir William Dunn, Bt
Sir Savile Crossley, Bt
Hon. Ivor Guest
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Southwark