Richard Clapton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Clapton
Band performing at a shopfront. Male at left is playing a guitar and is at a microphone. A fifty-something male in middle is shown partly in left profile. He has dark hair, wears sunglasses and is playing a guitar while at a microphone. A drum kit is to his left with a third band member obscured by frame cut-off. Two audience members are seen in the foreground.
Richard Clapton, 9 October 2005
The Entertainment Quarter
Background information
Born 18 May ca. 1949
Origin Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Genres Rock and roll
Occupations Singer, songwriter, producer
Instruments Singing, guitar
Years active 1965–present
Labels Infinity, Festival, Mushroom, WEA, Warner, Sony, Columbia
Associated acts Darktown Strutters, Bitch, Sopwith Camel, Sun, Renée Geyer, The Party Boys
Website www.richardclapton.com

Richard Clapton (born 18 May ca. 1949) is an Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist from Sydney, New South Wales. His solo top 20 hits on the Kent Music Report Singles Chart are "Girls on the Avenue" (1975) and "I Am an Island" (1982). His top 20 albums on the related Albums Chart are Goodbye Tiger (1977), Hearts on the Nightline (1979), The Great Escape (1982), and The Very Best of Richard Clapton (1982). As a producer he worked on the second INXS album, Underneath the Colours (1981). In 1983, he briefly joined The Party Boys for a tour of eastern Australia and the live album, Greatest Hits (Of Other People) (1983) before resuming his solo career.

Australian rock music historian Ian McFarlane described Clapton as "one of the most important Australian songwriters of the 1970s". On 12 October 1999, Clapton was inducted into the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Hall of Fame. As from May 2010, he is writing an autobiography, expected for release later in the year.

Life and career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Richard Clapton's year of birth is elusive: in a 2002 interview with a Melbourne newspaper, The Age, he described himself as being 50-something.[1] An article in Who magazine (1996) gives his birth year as 1951,[2] while Ian McFarlane's Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop (1999) has 1949.[3] Clapton's mother was a night nurse at a Sydney hospital and his Australian-Chinese father was a surgeon—they had a volatile relationship and divorced when Clapton was two years old.[1] During his childhood, Clapton had no contact with his father and lived with his mother who had mental health problems.[4] She would periodically place him in care until she committed suicide when he was aged ten.[4] Clapton met his father at her funeral and was subsequently enrolled in a Sydney boarding school, Trinity Grammar, at Summer Hill.[4] As an adolescent he listened to the Rolling Stones and Bob Dylan, and was given his first electric guitar by a school friend's father.[5] He cites Richard Wherrett—his house master and English teacher at Trinity who later became a prominent theatre director—as an early mentor.[6]

In 1965, Clapton formed Darktown Strutters with Ross Andreasen, Mick Bradley, Will Fowler, Dennis Hunter, Ross Lamonde and Ian Peepman.[7] He left school in his final year without completing his mathematics examination.[5] He played guitar while training as a commercial artist in the 1960s.[8] He raised enough money to board ship in 1967 to London where he played with three locals in a pre-punk group, followed by a group with four North Americans who were raided by the police for marijuana importing.[1] Clapton changed his birth name, using the last names of two of his heroes Keith Richards and Eric Clapton.[4] His visa had expired and he moved to Germany, where he played in a band titled Bitch and worked solo in folk clubs and on streets busking.[8] Clapton, as guitarist and vocalist, was a member of Sopwith Camel (not the United States band of same name), with Burghard Rausch on drums and Michael Günther on bass guitar (both members of krautrock group Agitation Free).[5][9] Clapton emerged in the early 1970s as a singer-songwriter in the "troubadour" style of Neil Young and Jackson Browne.

Debut album: Prussian Blue[edit]

In 1972, Clapton returned to Australia and signed a publishing deal with Essex Music and a recording deal with Infinity Records, a subsidiary of Festival Records. His debut single, "Last Train to Marseilles", was released in October. Clapton was backed by Red McKelvie (guitar, ex-The Flying Circus), Kenny Kitching (pedal steel), John Capek (piano, ex-Carson) and John Bois (bass guitar) and Tony Bolton (drums), both from Country Radio (see Greg Quill). At the end of the year he briefly joined a jazz-rock group, Sun, for six weeks into early 1973—he replaced their previous singer Renée Geyer.[3][8]

Clapton's debut LP album, Prussian Blue appeared in November—it included "Last Train to Marseilles" from a year earlier—and was produced by Richard Batchens (Blackfeather, Sherbet). Two more singles were issued, "All the Prodigal Children" in October and "I Wanna Be a Survivor" in July 1974. On "Hardly Know Myself" and "I Wanna Be a Survivor" Clapton was backed by The La De Das, with other tracks variously featuring McKelvie, Glenn Cardier (guitar), Russell Dunlop (drums), Mike Perjanik (organ), Trevor Wilson and Mike Lawler (bass guitar) and Ian Bloxham (percussion).[3] According to rock historian Noel McGrath, the album suffered from lack of radio exposure—Australian commercial pop radio was overtaken by a local version of the Drake-Chenault "More Music" format—with a drastically restricted play list shutting out many Australian performers. Due to Clapton's solid grass-roots support, Prussian Blue sold steadily by word of mouth and four years later it was still selling 200-500 copies per week.[10] Critics praised his album which contained songs written while in Europe and Festival kept him on their books.[8]

He spoke about the song Prussian Blue in Rolling Stone magazine saying it was "the only song I ever contrived". He said it "came about when I was going through my 'wanna-write-me-a-masterpiece stage, which everyone goes through." He said it took him "six weeks getting all the right clever rhymes and all."[11]

Girls on the Avenue[edit]

Clapton's commercial breakthrough came with his single, "Girls on the Avenue", issued in January 1975. Although Festival had little faith in the song—initially releasing it as the B-side of "Travelling Down the Castlereagh"—it was picked up by radio and became a major hit, reaching the No. 4 spot on the Australian Kent Music Report Singles Chart in March.[12] According to Clapton:[13]

"Not only did I not feel that Girls On The Avenue was the perfect song, but Festival Records rejected that song six times. They'd say to me, 'What's the chorus, is it 'Don't you slip' or 'Friday night ...'?' I don't know! Why does a song have to have a hook or a chorus? You either like the song or you don't!"

The song was written about Clapton's visits to a street near his home to watch girls walking past—it was seen as a paean to prostitutes by the record label, radio commentators and the prostitutes themselves.[8] The song itself took a half an hour to write.[11]

He said the only real money he ever made out of Girls on the Avenue was when it became available "on one of those bargain Explosive Hits" (compilations) and they sell about 400,00 each time."[11]

According to Clapton, there were three cover versions of Girls on the Avenue that he knew of at the time (1976). One was by Mike McGear, another by ex-Fairport Convention member Trevor Lucas and an obscure Greek version.[11]

The album, Girls on the Avenue, also produced by Batchens appeared in April; for touring and session work, he formed the Richard Clapton Band with John Carr on guitar, Ken Firth on bass guitar, Ace Follington on drums, McKelvie on guitar, and Tony Slavich on keyboards.[7] The album cover depicted Clapton with three women—one was a prostitute.[8] Other tracks dealt with similar themes to his debut album.

Because of the commercial nature of the song, he was accused of selling out by deliberately writing a commercial song, a claim he refuted.[11] A second single, "Down the Road", was released in June but did not chart.[12]

Clapton moved to Melbourne to write new material for his third album, Main Street Jive released in July 1976, again produced by Batchens.[7][8] He contributed six tracks to the film soundtrack for Highway One (1976).[14] The soundtrack included the single "Capricorn Dancer", which reached No. 40 in early 1977 and remains a concert staple.[3][12] Other contributors to the soundtrack, produced and engineered by Batchens, were The Dingoes, Bilgola Bop Band, Skyhooks and Ol' 55 with one track each.[3][14] Clapton toured Europe at the end of 1976 with his band including Slavich, Michael Hegerty (bass guitar, ex-Stars), Kirk Lorange (lead guitar) and Jim Penson (drums, ex-Blackfeather).[3][7]

Goodbye Tiger[edit]

The song Goodbye Tiger came about after Clapton met up with a bunch of people who were in Sydney for the day Hunter S. Thompson hit town. Clapton got drunk and the drinking binge continued as he got on a flight to Germany before crashing out at a friends' place in Berlin. After all this, the song Goodbye Tiger was born. Clapton said it was the only time he'd ever written a song and not gone back to change something. "It seemed like it had been the end of our innocence or something."[15]

He was then snowed in at a resort in Denmark. He said there was a blizzard and they were trapped "but we had enough beer so it didn't really matter". It was there he wrote the bulk of what became Goodbye Tiger.[15]

Clapton's fourth studio album, Goodbye Tiger, was released in August 1977 and was acclaimed by McFarlane as "his most celebrated work, an album full of rich, melodic and accessible rock with a distinctly Australian flavour. It established Clapton's reputation as one of the most important Australian songwriters of the 1970s.".[3] It reached No. 11 on the albums chart in November 1977.[12] Goodbye Tiger was the final album Clapton recorded for Infinity Records and produced by Batchens. Many Clapton fans regard the melancholic record as his masterpiece: it included two of his enduring songs, the anthemic "Deep Water", which reached No. 43 in November and "Down in the Lucky Country" released in January 1978.[3][12]

His backing band for Goodybe Tiger was: Hegerty, Lorange, Gunther Gorman (guitar), Diane McLennan (backing vocals), Cleis Pearce (viola, ex-MacKenzie Theory) and Greg Sheehan (drums, ex-Blackfeather, MacKenzie Theory). Additional musicians included Tony Ansell (keyboards), Tony Buchanan (saxophone) and Penson.[3][7] Australian rock music historian, Chris Spencer, cites the album as one of his favourites, "[It] represents one of the pinnacles of Australian rock music. Clapton, essentially a singer-songwriter, working within the security of numerous band line-ups, wrote his best lyrics on this album. He never reached the same heights again, particularly with his melodies, visions and observations of urban Australia".[16]

Clapton said the album was the worst year of his life "but I guess that's the record I will always be remembered for".[15]

During 1978, Clapton toured nationally with Ansell, Hegerty, Lorange, McLennan and Sheehan.[3] Late in the year he travelled to Los Angeles to record his fifth studio album Hearts on the Nightline. Released in April 1979, it was produced by Dallas Smith for the Interfusion label on Festival.[7] The album peaked at No. 17 but failed to attract international attention, Clapton supported its release with a 75-date national tour. He returned to Sydney in 1980 to record his next album, Dark Spaces.[3]

1980s[edit]

The 1980s saw Clapton consolidate his career in the music industry, working with other artists and as a record producer. His next album, Dark Spaces appeared in July 1980, which he produced.[7] His session musicians included Ansell, Andrew Durant on rhythm guitar (Stars), Clive Harrison on bass guitar (ex-Kush, Avalanche), Mark Moffatt on lead guitar and Kerry Jacobsen on drums (Dragon). It peaked in the top 30 and was dedicated to Durant who had died of cancer in May, before its release. Members of Stars, and various artists including Clapton, performed at the Andrew Durant Memorial Concert in August, which was released as a live double-album in February 1981.[17][18] In May, Clapton produced the third single, "The Loved One", for new wave band, INXS, which was recorded at Studios 301 in Sydney.[19][20] It was a cover of a 1966 song by The Loved Ones and peaked in the Top 20.[12] In July–August, he produced their second album Underneath the Colours, which reached the Top 20 after its October release.[7][21]

In 1982 he signed with WEA and the Mark Opitz-produced The Great Escape had contributions from members of Cold Chisel and INXS.[3][7] The album, which peaked at No. 8 in March, spawned three singles. The hard-rocking "I Am an Island", with Cold Chisel's Ian Moss on guitar and Jimmy Barnes on backing vocals, reached the top 20. Two other singles, "Spellbound" (April) and "The Best Years of Our Lives" (September) did not chart in the top 50. In May, WEA released his compilation, The Very Best of Richard Clapton, which reached No. 18 with The Great Escape still in the top 20.[3][12]

In 1983, Clapton joined The Party Boys, taking over lead vocals from James Reyne (Australian Crawl), the live album Greatest Hits (Of Other People) and a single, "I Fought the Law"—a cover of the Sonny Curtis song—resulted from an extensive tour of the east coast of Australia. Clapton left the band to re-focus on his solo career and handed over vocals to Shirley Strachan (ex-Skyhooks).[3]

In September 1984, Clapton released Solidarity on Mushroom Records which was produced by Opitz, Ricky Fataar, Tim Kramer and Moffatt.[7] For the album he used Graham Bidstrup on drums (ex-The Angels, The Party Boys), James Black on keyboards (ex-Mondo Rock), Kevin Borich on guitar (ex-La De Das, The Party Boys), Fataar on drums, Allan Mansfield on keyboards (Dragon), Graham Thompson on bass guitar (ex-Stars), and backing vocals from Mary Bradfield, Venetta Fields and Mark Williams. Clapton and Borich released the duet single, "Spirit of Sydney" in 1986.[3]

Clapton rejoined WEA in 1987 for his next album, Glory Road, released in October, and its three singles, which were produced by Jon Farriss of INXS as a return favour for the production of Underneath the Colours. A live album, The Best Years of Our Lives was recorded on 16 April 1989 and released in September. His band were Hegerty, Lorange, Moffatt on guitar, Jeff Bartolomei on keyboards, Ben Butler on guitar, and Steve Sowerby on drums.[3] The album peaked in the top 30 on the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Albums Chart.[22]

Later years[edit]

Clapton was without a recording contract for four years from 1989 and had a few changes of his management until he signed with Sony Music/Columbia Records for the release of Distant Thunder in May 1993. The album spawned four singles and was produced by Clapton, it charted in the top 40 but no single reached the top 50 on ARIA's Singles Chart. His second album for Sony, Angeltown appeared in May 1996 with a single, "Dixieland" in March—neither appeared in their respective top 50 charts.[22] In September 1999, Clapton released a compilation album, "Definitive Anthology", which peaked in the top 30.[22] He was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame on 12 October.[23]

Clapton spent four years writing and recording the album, Diamond Mine, at his home studio, a process he described as the most creatively liberating experience of his recording career. It was released in May 2004—eight years after his previous studio album—but did not chart.[22] On his 2006 album, Rewired, also recorded in the home studio, Clapton provided "unplugged" acoustic versions of his early songs.

Clapton had appeared on Countdown—an Australian pop music show on national broadcaster, ABC-TV—during the late 1970s and early 1980s. He toured with other artists in the Countdown Spectacular 2 concert series in Australia between late-August and early-September 2007. He sang three of his songs, including the crowd favourite, "Girls on the Avenue".

In 2008, on Australia Day (26 January) Clapton appeared in a performance held at Parliament House, Canberra. To celebrate 35 years of recording, Clapton held a one off concert at the Sydney State Theatre on 28 June. The event was sold out in days and featured a line-up of Australian musicians who had played with him including Jon Farriss from INXS. The performance was recorded for Live at the State Theatre released in October.

Clapton decided to showcase his pivotal 1977 album Goodbye Tiger at the same venue in September 2009. The first concert sold out in less than an hour and a second was added. The entire album was performed as well as an eclectic mix of old and new songs played in the second set. On the second night Clapton and band were joined by Moss (Cold Chisel) who played a rendition of "I Am an Island". Clapton inducted one of his favourite bands, The Dingoes into the ARIA Hall Of Fame on 29 August. Clapton's portrait by Alexander McKenzie was a finalist in the 2009 Archibald Prize.[24] In October 2010, Goodbye Tiger was listed at No. 15 in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums.[25]

Personal life[edit]

Clapton's mother was a nurse who died when he was ten, his father was a doctor who died in 1999. Clapton has pterygiums and his eye surgeon recommended he wear dark glasses.[5] Clapton met Susie. a fashion model, in the mid-1980s, they married and have twin daughters, JananySaskia and MontanaClapton-san.[2][4] As from May 2010 he is writing an autobiography, expected for release later in the year.[26]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Title Chart peak positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
AUS
[12][22]
1973 Prussian Blue
1975 Girls on the Avenue
  • Released: 21 April 1975
  • Label: Infinity / Festival (L 35508)
  • Producer: Batchens
33
1976 Main Street Jive
  • Released: 23 August 1976
  • Label: Infinity / Festival (L 35963)
  • Producer: Batchens
64
1977 Goodbye Tiger
  • Released: 31 October 1977
  • Label: Infinity / Festival (L 36352)
  • Producer: Batchens
11
1979 Hearts on the Nightline
  • Released: 14 May 1979
  • Label: Interfusion Records / Festival (L 36932)
  • Producer: Dallas Smith
17
1980 Dark Spaces
  • Released: 18 August 1980
  • Label: Interfusion / Festival (L 37331)
  • Producer: Richard Clapton
23
1982 The Great Escape
  • Released: 8 March 1982
  • Label: WEA (600106)
  • Producer: Mark Opitz
8
1984 Solidarity 27
1987 Glory Road
  • Released: 2 November 1987
  • Label: WEA (600144-1)
  • Producer: Jon Farriss
28
1993 Distant Thunder 37
1996 Angeltown
  • Released: 19 May 1996
  • Label: Roadshow Music (17982-2)
  • Producer: Clapton, David Nicholas, Johnny Diesel
89
2004 Diamond Mine
  • Released: 30 May 2004
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Producer: Clapton
90
2012 Harlequin Nights
  • Released: 2 August 2012
  • Label: Gypsy Music
  • Producer: Clapton
-
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Title Chart peak positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
AUS
[12][22]
1978 Past Hits and Previews 42
1982 The Very Best of Richard Clapton
  • Released: 5 April 1982
  • Label: Festival (L 37674)
  • Producer:
18
1999 The Definitive Anthology
  • Released: 11 October 1999
  • Label: WEA (3984294362)
  • Producer:
28
2004 The Definitive Collection
  • Released: 2004
  • Label: Festival
  • Producer:
2006 Rewired
  • Released: 2006
  • Label:
  • Producer: Richard Clapton
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Live albums[edit]

Year Title Chart peak positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
AUS
[22]
1989 The Best Years of Our Lives
  • Released: 25 September 1989
  • Label: WEA (256582-1)
  • Producer:
23
2001 Up and Down The Glory Road
  • Released: 2001
  • Label:
  • Producer:
2008 Live at the State Theatre
  • Released: 2008
  • Label:
  • Producer:
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Soundtrack albums[edit]

Year Title Chart peak positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
AUS
[12]
1976 Highway One
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Album
AUS
[12]
1972 "Last Train to Marseilles" Prussian Blue
1973 "All the Prodigal Children"
1974 "I Wanna Be a Survivor"
1975 "Travelling Down the Castlereagh" / "Girls on the Avenue"[A] 4 Girls on the Avenue
"Down the Road"
1976 "Please Come Home" 'Non-album single'
"Suit Yourself" Mainstreet Jive
1977 "Capricorn Dancer" 40 Highway One
"Deep Water" 43 Goodbye Tiger
1978 "(Down in the) Lucky Country" 70
"Steppin' Across the Line" 98 Past Hits and Previews
1979 "Hearts on the Nightline" Hearts on the Nightline
"Ace of Hearts"
1980 "Get Back to the Shelter" 94 Dark Spaces
"High Society"
1982 "I Am an Island" 20 The Great Escape
"Spellbound" 89
"The Best Years of Our Lives"
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.
Year Title Peak chart positions Album
AUS
[12][22]
1984 "Goodbye Barbara Ann" 90 Solidarity
"The Heart of It"
"Solidarity"
1985 "The Transpac Slide"
1986 "Spirit of Sydney" (duet with Kevin Borich) 'Non-album single'
1987 "Glory Road" 42 Glory Road
"Trust Somebody"
1989 "Deep Water" (live) Best Years of Our Lives
"Ace of Hearts" (live)
1992 "Happy Valley" Distant Thunder
1993 "Distant Thunder" 80
"All Fall Down"
1994 "Oceans of the Heart"
1999 "Calling for You" The Definitive Anthology
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.

Notes[edit]


A.^ "Girls on the Avenue" was originally released as the B-side of "Travelling Down the Castlereagh". After considerable radio play it was named the A-side.[3]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c McFadyen, Wayne (1 June 2002). "Clapton, not clapped out". The Age (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Tulich, Katherine (13 May 1996). "Back on Glory Road". Who (magazine) (Pacific Magazines). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q McFarlane, 'Richard Clapton' entry. p. 124. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e Browne, Rachel (4 January 2009). "Best Years of His Life". Sun Herald (News Corporation). Retrieved 11 June 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d Thompson, Peter (10 March 2008). "Richard Clapton". Talking Heads with Peter Thompson. Retrieved 11 June 2010. 
  6. ^ Kruger, Debbie (2 August 2005). "Songwriters Speak" (Portable Document Format (PDF)). Debbie Kruger. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Holmgren, Magnus; Meyer, Peer; Bouchard, Gary. "Richard Clapton". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Retrieved 11 June 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Nimmervoll.
  9. ^ "Bands". Agitation Free. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  10. ^ McGrath, Noel (1978). Australian Encyclopedia of Rock. Collingwood, Melbourne: Outback Press. p. 70. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Rolling Stone magazine, 23 September 1976 - "Richard Clapton - Clapton Capers: Upbeat on Main Street" by Christie Eliezer - page 42.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book Ltd. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  Note: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1974 until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988. In 1992, Kent back calculated chart positions for 1970–1974.
  13. ^ Jenkins, Jeff; Meldrum, Ian (2007). Molly Meldrum presents 50 years of rock in Australia. Melbourne, Vic: Wilkinson Publishing. p. 288. ISBN 978-1-921332-11-1. 
  14. ^ a b Holmgren, Magnus; Bouchard, Gary. "Highway One (Soundtrack)". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c Rolling Stone magazine, September 2009, issue 694. "Celebrating the Worst Year of Richard Clapton's Life" by Toby Creswell page16.
  16. ^ Spencer, Chris. "Chris Spencer's favourite Australian rock albums". Moonlight Publishing. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  17. ^ Holmgren, Magnus. "Stars". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  18. ^ McFarlane, 'Stars' entry. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  19. ^ St John, Ed (1998). Burn : The life and times of Michael Hutchence and INXS. Bantam Books, Sydney. ISBN 0-7338-0182-X. 
  20. ^ St John, Ed; INXS (1992). INXS: The Official Inside Story of a Band on the Road. Mandarin. p. 74. ISBN 1-86330-207-7. 
  21. ^ "The Birth of INXS". h2g2. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h "Discography Richard Clapton". Australian charts portal. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  23. ^ "ARIA Awards – History: Winners by Year 1999: 13th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  24. ^ "Archibald Prize 2009: Archibald Prize Finalists - text list". Art Gallery of New South Wales. 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  25. ^ O'Donnell, John; Creswell, Toby; Mathieson, Craig (October 2010). 100 Best Australian Albums. Prahran, Vic: Hardie Grant Books. ISBN 978-1-74066-955-9. 
  26. ^ Moran, Jonathon (9 May 2010). "Dick Clapton drops drug bomb". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney) (News Corporation). Retrieved 12 June 2010. 

External links[edit]