Richard E. Bush
|Richard Earl Bush|
Richard E. Bush, Medal of Honor recipient
December 23, 1924|
|Died||June 7, 2004
|Place of burial||Ascension Catholic Cemetery Libertyville, Illinois (Coordinates: )|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||enlisted 1942|
|Rank||Master Gunnery Sergeant|
|Unit||1st Raider Battalion
1st Battalion 4th Marines
|Battles/wars||World War II
*Battle of Okinawa
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Purple Heart Medal (2)
Combat Action Ribbon
Presidential Unit Citation
Richard Earl Bush (December 23, 1924 – June 7, 2004) was a United States Marine master gunnery sergeant who received the Medal of Honor as a corporal for heroism on Okinawa during World War II. On April 16, 1945, Cpl. Bush placed himself on a thrown enemy grenade, absorbing the force of the explosion, saving the lives of his fellow Marines and corpsmen. In World War II, twenty-seven Marines similarly used their bodies against thrown enemy grenades in order to save their comrades' lives. Four of these Marines survived and were awarded the Medal of Honor — Richard Bush, Jacklyn H. Lucas, Carlton R. Rouh, and Richard K. Sorenson.
Bush was born in Glasgow, Kentucky on December 23, 1924. He worked for his father as a tractor driver on a tobacco farm and completed one year of high school.
World War II
- U.S. Marine Corps
He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on September 22, 1942 in Bowling Green, Kentucky. He received his basic training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, California, and later was transferred to a replacement battalion at Camp Elliott, California, for further training as an armorer.
- Marine Raiders
On April 16, 1945, Corporal Bush, was serving in the 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, 6th Marine Division as a rifle company squad leader when he led his men in a charge against an enemy stronghold during the final assault against Mount Yaetake in northern Okinawa. During that action, he was seriously wounded and evacuated to a nearby medical aid area for treatment. While at this position, an enemy grenade was hurled among the Navy corpsmen and wounded Marines including himself. He immediately took and placed the grenade under himself saving his comrades lives. He survived the blast with severe wounds, losing several fingers and the sight in one eye.
- Medal of Honor
On October 4, 1945, President Harry S. Truman, in a White House ceremony, presented Cpl. Bush with the Medal of Honor for “conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty.” He was also awarded a second Purple Heart Medal (gold 5/16 inch star) for wounds received on Okinawa.
- Veterans counselor
In the years following the war, Bush worked for the Veterans Administration until 1972 as a counselor helping veterans file claims and earned numerous civilian awards for his efforts to aid other veterans despite constant problems with his one functioning eye, a holdover from his World War II wounds.
Bush died of a heart ailment at the age of 79 on June 7, 2004 in Waukegan, Illinois.
He is buried at Ascension Catholic Cemetery Libertyville, Illinois. His grave can be found in Section 7, Block 10, Lot 63.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to
CORPORAL RICHARD E. BUSH
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
- For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Squad Leader serving with the First Battalion, Fourth Marines, Sixth Marine Division,in action against Japanese forces during the final assault against Mt. Yaetake on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, April 16, 1945. Rallying his men forward with indomitable determination, Corporal Bush boldly defied the slashing fury of concentrated Japanese artillery fire pouring down from the gun-studded mountain fortress to lead his squad up the face of the rocky precipice, sweep over the ridge and drive the defending troops from their deeply entrenched position. With his unit, the first to break through to the inner defense of Mt. Yaetake, he fought relentlessly in the forefront of the action until seriously wounded and evacuated with others under protecting rocks. Although prostrate under medical treatment when a Japanese hand grenade landed in the midst of the group, Corporal Bush, alert and courageous in extremity as in battle, unhesitatingly pulled the deadly missile to himself and absorbed the shattering violence of the exploding charge in his own body, thereby saving his fellow Marines from severe injury or death despite the certain peril to his own life. By his valiant leadership and aggressive tactics in the face of savage opposition, Corporal Bush contributed materially to the success of the sustained drive toward the conquest of this fiercely defended outpost of the Japanese Empire and his constant concern for the welfare of his men, his resolute spirit of self- sacrifice and his unwavering devotion to duty throughout the bitter conflict enhance and sustain the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Military decorations & awards
- Medal of Honor
- Purple Heart Medal with gold 5/16 inch star
- Combat Action Ribbon
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with bronze service star
- World War II Victory Medal
- "Master Gunnery Sergeant Richard E. Bush, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Naval historical Center, Online Library of Selected Images, "Master Gunnery Sergeant Richard E. Bush, USMCR (1923-2004)"
- Goldstein, Richard (June 13, 2004). "Richard E. Bush, Who Served on Okinawa, Dies at 79". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-12. "Richard E. Bush, who received the Medal of Honor for leading a charge up a mountain in the World War II battle for Okinawa and then falling on a hand grenade to protect fellow marines, died last Monday at his home in Waukegan, Ill. He was 79."[dead link]
- "Medal of Honor — Cpl Richard E. Bush (Medal of Honor citation)". Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-02-20.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- Alexander, Col. Joseph H. Alexander, USMC (Ret) (1996). The Final Campaign: Marines in the Victory on Okinawa. Marines in World War II Commemorative Series. Washington, D.C.: Marine Corps Historical Center. Retrieved 2007-10-21.