Richard Shope

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Richard Edwin Shope
Richard Edwin Shope.jpg
Richard Edwin Shope as a U.S. Navy officer
Born December 25, 1901
Died October 2, 1966
Nationality American
Fields Virologist
Influenced Erich Traub
Notable awards

1957 Kober medal

1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award

Richard Shope (December 25, 1901–October 2, 1966) was an American virologist who at Rockefeller Institute identified influenzavirus A in pigs in 1931.[1] Using Shope's technique, Smith, Andrewes, and Laidlaw of England's Medical Research Council cultured it from a human in 1933.[1] They and Shope in 1935 and 1936, respectively, identified it as the virus circulating in the 1918 pandemic.[1] In 1933, Shope identified the Shope papillomavirus, which infects rabbits.[2] He received the 1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Van Epps HL, "Influenza: Exposing the true killer", J Exp Med, 2006 Apr 17;203(4):803. PubMed
  2. ^ Selbie FR, Robinson RHM, Shope RE, "Shope papilloma virus: Reversion of adaptation to domestic rabbit by passage through cottontail", Br J Cancer, 1948 Dec;2(4):375–80.
  3. ^ Rockefeller University, "Awards & honors: Richard E Shope", Rockefeller.edu, 28 Jul 2012 (Web: access date).

Further reading[edit]