Richard Gray Eder (August 16, 1932 – November 21, 2014) was for 20 years variously a foreign correspondent, a film reviewer and the drama critic for the New York Times. Subsequently he was book critic for the Los Angeles Times, winning a Pulitzer Prize for Criticism and the National Book Critics Circle annual citation.
In the last years of his life, he wrote book reviews for both Times's and the Boston Globe. On November 21, 2014, Eder died of pneumonia as a result of post-polio syndrome in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 82. He was a great-grandson of James Martin Eder.