Richard Evans (portrait painter)

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Richard Evans (1784–1871), was an English portrait-painter and copyist.

Harriet Martineau by Richard Evans, first exhibited in 1834

Early life[edit]

Evans was born in Shrewsbury.[1] When young he was a close friend of the Birmingham-born artist David Cox, who would lend ink landscape drawings to Evans, who was short of money, so that he could make copies to sell. When Cox moved to London in 1804, Evans and another aspiring artist friend, Charles Barber, followed him there. They both took lodgings near Cox, and all three would go out sketching together.[2]

Sir Thomas Lawrence[edit]

For some years Evans was a pupil and assistant of Sir Thomas Lawrence, for whom he painted drapery and backgrounds and made replicas of his paintings.[3] When Lawrence died in 1830, he left a large number of unfinished paintings, and Evans completed or copied several portraits of George IV and completed a portrait of the Bishop of Durham for the painter's executors.[4]

Thomas Campbell, who was at once stage considering a biography of Lawrence said in a letter that no-one knew more about Lawrence than Evans, due to his exceptional memory, and his having lived in his master's house for six years. Evans promised to help Campbell with his book when time allowed, but when Campbell asked for assistance again, after a long delay, he found out that Evans had already told his stock of anecdotes to his friend Watts, editor of the "Annual Obituary" to use in his publication. Campbell shelved his plan for lack of fresh material.[5]

France and Haiti[edit]

In 1814 Evans visited the Louvre in Paris, and was one of the first Englishmen to copy the pictures there.[3] He exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time in 1816, showing a portrait of the aeronaut James Sadler.[6]

In the same year he went to Haiti where he became head of the new school of drawing and painting set up by King Henri Christophe at his palace of Sans-Souci.[7] He arrived on Haiti on 21 September, in the company of Prince Saunders, and three other men Saunders had engaged in England: an agriculturalist and two schoolmasters.[8] He painted portraits of the Haitian royal family, his first portrait of the king being sent as a gift to William Wilberforce.[8][9] In 1818 Evans exhibited pictures catalogued as His Majesty Henry Christophe, King of Hayti and Prince Victor Henry, Prince Royal of Hayti at the Royal Academy.[6]

Exhibitions[edit]

Evans continued to be a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy until 1845, mostly of portraits.[6] He also showed six subject pictures at the British Institution between 1831 and 1856.[10]

Italy[edit]

He spent some time in Italy, copying the old masters and painting portraits. In 1821 he was in Rome, making copies of Raphael's arabesque decorations in the Vatican loggia for John Nash's gallery in Regent Street[11][12] and the following year he returned there, this time in the company of his friend William Etty, another a former pupil of Thomas Lawrence.[13] Travelling overland via Paris they arrived in Rome on 10 August.[14] After a fortnight, Etty moved on to Naples, leaving Evans in Rome.[15] He returned a month later.[16] Etty wrote in a letter that "an arrangement has been made that would preclude my staying with him...but I must ever feel much obliged to him. He has gone about with me, and shown me things I should not otherwise have seen".[17] They travelled separately for a while, Evans basing himself in Rome, but also visiting Milan. while Etty spent seven months in Venice.[17] In Rome Evans became a member of an academy set up by British artists, with Lawrence's backing.[18] Evans and Etty were reunited in Florence in the summer of 1823 [19] and after spending two months in Venice finally left for England in October.[20]

While In Rome Evans experimented with fresco-painting, and on leaving the city gave one of his attempts - depicting Ganymede feeding the Eagle - to the servant who cleaned his studio. Years afterwards he found it hanging in the South Kensington Museum, displayed as a genuine antique fresco from a tomb in the neighbourhood of Rome.[3][10]

Later life[edit]

He continued to paint until the end of his life, and executed a large picture of The Death of Æsculapius when over 85 years of age. He died at Southampton, where he had lived for more than 25 years, in November 1871, aged 87.[3] He presented some of the of casts of antique statuary, which he had collected in Rome to the Hartley Institute, Southampton.[3]

Collections[edit]

The collection of the National Portrait Gallery includes his portraits of Harriet Martineau and, George Bradshaw (1841) and his copies of Thomas Lawrence's portraits of George Canning (c.1825) and Thomas Taylor, and of Lawrence's own self-portrait.[21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Richard Evans". Royal Academy. Retrieved 26 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Solly, N. Neal. Memoir of the Life of David Cox. London: Chapman and Hall 1873. p. 13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e  "Evans, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  4. ^ "2. Lawrence at work". National Portrait Gallery. 
  5. ^ Layard, George Somes, ed. (1906). Sir Thomas Lawrence's Letter-bag. London: George Allen. p. 236.  The letter was addressed to Elizabeth Crofts
  6. ^ a b c Graves, Algernon (1905). The Royal Academy: A Complete Dictionary of Contributors from its Foundations in 1769 to 1904 3. London: Henry Graves. p. 70. 
  7. ^ Christophe (King of Haiti), Thomas Clarkson, Earl Leslie Griggs. Henry Christophe and Thomas Clarkson: A Correspondence. University of California Press. pp. 64, 98. 
  8. ^ a b "West Indies". The Scots Magazine and Edinburgh Literary Miscellany 79: 150. 1817. 
  9. ^ This painting and one of the king's son Prince Jacques-Victor-Henri, also from Wilberforce's collection, are now in the collection of the University of Puerto Rico "The Alfred Nemurs Haitian History Collection:Hidden Treasure at University of Puerto Rico". Inventio (University of Puerto Rico). 
  10. ^ a b "Ganymede Feeding the Eagle". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Joseph Farington (1928). James Greig, ed. The Farington Diary 8. p. 300. 
  12. ^ After Nash's death they were sold to the South Kensington Museum (now the Victoria and Albert Museum).Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington: arranged according to the dates of their acquisition. 1. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1868. p. 28. 
  13. ^ Gilchrist 1855, p.102
  14. ^ Gilchrist 1855, pp.111–2
  15. ^ Gilchrist 1855, pp.120
  16. ^ Gilchrist 1855, p.129
  17. ^ a b Gilchrist 1855, p.151
  18. ^ Layard 1906, p.178
  19. ^ Gilchrist 1855, p.187
  20. ^ Gilchrist 1855, p.194
  21. ^ "Richard Evans (1784-1871), Artist". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Evans, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

Sources[edit]