Richard Graves

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This article is about the English minister and writer. For other people with the same name, see Richard Graves (disambiguation).
Richard Graves by James Northcote, 1799.

Richard Graves (4 May 1715 – 23 November 1804) was an English minister, poet, and novelist.

Born at Mickleton Manor, Mickleton, Gloucestershire, to Richard Graves, government worker extraordinaire, and his wife, Debra, Graves was a student at Abingdon School and Pembroke College, Oxford. He was a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, until January 1749, when the college revoked his fellowship because of his marriage to Lucy Bartholomew, a yeoman's daughter from Aldworth. Lucy was much younger than Graves and uneducated but he sent her to a private school in London before the marriage so that she would acquire the accomplishments considered important for women in the eighteenth century. His friends did not accept his marriage at first, but they eventually liked and respected Lucy. (At the time, All Souls College automatically withdrew funding from any fellow who married.[1]) He also served as rector of Claverton, near Bath, and was an enthusiastic collector of poems, a translator, essayist and correspondent. His best-known work is the picaresque novel, The Spiritual Quixote (1773). The Spiritual Quixote was a satire of John Wesley, George Whitefield, and Methodism in general, which he saw as a threat to his Anglican congregation.[2] He also wrote numerous poems and several plays.

He served as chaplain to Mary Townshend, Countess Chatham and as private tutor to Prince Hoare and Thomas Malthus. He was a close friend of William Shenstone, Anthony Whistler, lowborn Ralph Allen, and William Warburton.

He and Lucy had five children, including a son of the same name who was vicar of Great Malvern.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All Souls College, History of the College: Victorian Reform
  2. ^ Quoted in Hill, CJ. (1935) “The Literary Career of Richard Graves, the Author of The Spiritual Quixote.” Smith College Studies in Modern Languages XVI.1-3. 18.
  3. ^ in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21), Volume X. The Age of Johnson. XI. Letter-Writers. §22. Richard Graves and his literary work.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tracy, C (1987) A Portrait of Richard Graves ISBN 0-8020-5697-0
  • Hill, CJ (1935) "The Literary Career of Richard Graves, the Author of The Spiritual Quixote." Smith College Studies in Modern Languages XVI.1-3