Richard Henry Beddome
Colonel Richard Henry Beddome (11 May 1830 – 23 February 1911) was a British military officer in India, chief conservator of the Madras Forest Department and a naturalist. He described many species of plants and reptiles from India, and several species described by others bear his name.
Richard was the eldest son of Richard Boswell Brandon Beddome, solicitor, of Clapham Common, S.W. He was educated at Charterhouse School and trained for the legal profession, but preferred to join the East India Company at the age of 18 and joined the 42nd Madras Native Infantry as a cadet at Jabalpur.
He entered the Army, obtaining a direct cadetship in 1848 in the East India Company's service, and sent to India was posted to the 42nd Madras Native Infantry He was with that regiment at Jabalpur in 1856, serving as Quartermaster and Interpreter of the regiment, and from there he went to Secunderabad. Soon after his arrival at Madras, at the end of 1856, he was appointed to the Madras Forest Department, and never rejoined his regiment.
The following are dates of his commissions: Ensign 20 January 1848; Lieutenant l0 November 1853; Captain 18 February 1861; Major 20 January 1868; Lieut.-Colonel 20 January 1874; Colonel 20 January 1879.
Madras Forest Department
In 1857 he was selected on account of his devotion to botany and natural history as an assistant to Dr. Hugh Cleghorn, the first conservator of the newly formed Forest Department of the Madras Presidency. He succeeded Cleghorn in 1859 and remained Chief Conservator until 1882.
Botanist, herpetologist, malacologist
He became a member of the University of Madras in 1880. He made many floral studies in India and Ceylon including Trees of the Madras Presidency in 1863 and Handbook of the ferns of British India, Ceylon and Malaya Peninsula in 1892. He also studied reptiles, amphibians and molluscs.
Colonel Beddome was essentially a botanist. In the study of the flora of South India he devoted the best days of his life. The result was the publication of a series of valuable works containing figures of many species. The drawings were executed with great accuracy by the native draughtsmen he had trained to draw.
More of his botanical publications are: Flora Sylvatica fur Southern India, 1869–73; Ferns of Southern India, 1873; Ferns of British India, 1876; Forester's Manual of Botany for Southern India, 1869–74; Icones Plantarum Indies Orientalis, 1874.
The following is a complete list of his papers on Mollusca: Descriptions of some new Operculated Land-shells from Southern India and Ceylon, 1S75. Descriptions of Land-shells from the lsland of Koror, Pelew Group, 1889. Descriptions of some new Land-shells from the Indian Region, 1891. Notes on Indian and Ceylonese species of Glessula, 1906. Descriptions of Labyrinthus cuclausus and Neocyclotus Belli, n.spp., from Colombia, 1908 and in conjunction with H. H. Godwin-Austen: New species of Cyclophorus and a Spiraculum from the Khasi and Naga Hills, Assam.
Beddome first published and described of over 1,000 species of animals and plants.
Beddome formed a fine collection of land shells from India and other parts of the world, among which the minute forms were his favourites. His collection of specimens was presented to the British Museum at difficult times, and some specimens were also left with the Indian Museum at Calcutta.
Some of the species named in honor of him are listed below:
- Rhinolophus beddomei, Lesser Woolly Horseshoe Bat, a species of bat in the Rhinolophidae family
- Cnemaspis beddomei, Beddome's day gecko, a species of gecko found in the Western Ghats.
- Boiga beddomei, Beddome's cat snake, a species of snake found in Sri Lanka and India (Western Ghats)
- Scincella beddomei, a species of skink.
- Typhlops beddomei, Beddome's worm snake, a species of blind snake found in southern India.
- Ophisops beddomei, Beddome's snake-eye, a species of lizard in Lacertidae family found in the Western Ghats of India.
- Amphiesma beddomei, Nilgiri keelback, a species of snake found in the Western Ghats in India.
- Calliophis beddomei, Beddome's coral snake, snake in the Elapidae family.
- Ichthyophis beddomei, Beddome's caecilian, a species of caecilian in the family Ichthyophiidae.
- Mariaella beddomei, Gastropods
- Hemiplecta beddomii, Gastropods
- Cycas beddomei, Cycad from India.
- Syzygium beddomei, a species of plant in the Myrtaceae family. It is endemic to India.
- Cynometra beddomei, a species of plant in the Fabaceae family. It is endemic to India .
- Psychotria beddomei, a species of plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is endemic to India .
- Litsea beddomei, a species of plant in the Lauraceae family. It is endemic to India.
- Beddome R. H. 1875. Descriptions of some new operculated land-shells from Southern India and Ceylon. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1875(3): 442–453; pls. 52–53.
- Godwin-Austen, H.H. (1912). "Obituary notices. Colonel Richard Henry Beddome". Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 10: 50–53.
- Kumar, C Satish (2011). "Richard Henry Beddome (1830–1911): A Centennial Remembrance". Rheedea 21 (1): 108–109.
- Smith, M. A. 1941. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia.
- Smith, Malcolm (1940). "A facsimile of R. H. Beddome's articles on Indian reptiles 1862–1870". Archives of Natural History 1 (10): 273–334. doi:10.3366/jsbnh.1918.104.22.1683.
- The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference. research.amnh.org/vz/amphibia.
- Bedd., International Plant Names Index, 2005, retrieved 10 February 2011
- "Births". Dublin Evening Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 8 October 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 8 July 2014. (subscription required (. ))
- "Author Query for 'Bedd.'". International Plant Names Index.
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- Handbook to the ferns of British India (1892)
- Muthiah, S. 2011. A herpetologist remembered. The Hindu. 10 April 2011. Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. http://thehindu.com/arts/history-and-culture/article1680077.ece (Note on Beddome with a presumed portrait photograph )