Hickox was born in Stokenchurch in Buckinghamshire into a musical family. After attending the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe from 1959 to 1966, he studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London from 1966 to 1967, then was an organ scholar at Queens' College, Cambridge from 1967 to 1970.
In 1967, while his father was Vicar of Wooburn, Buckinghamshire, Hickox founded the Wooburn Festival and eventually became its President. The Festival still takes place and features music, drama and the visual arts. Hickox also founded the Wooburn Singers and continued as conductor until succeeded by Stephen Jackson. From 1970 to 1971 Hickox was Director of Music at Maidenhead Grammar School (later Desborough School). He founded the City of London Sinfonia in 1971, remaining music director until his death, and also founded the Richard Hickox Singers and Orchestra in the same year. The Richard Hickox Singers feature in Kate Bush's album Hounds of Love, released in 1985. He was the director of music at the St. Endellion Music Festival from 1972 to 2008. In 1972 at the age of only 24 he was appointed Martin Neary's successor as organist and master of music at St. Margaret's, Westminster (the church of the Houses of Parliament), subsequently adding the directorships of the London Symphony Chorus (1976) and Bradford Festival Choral Society (1978). From 1982 to 1990, he served as Artistic Director of the Northern Sinfonia. He was Associate Guest Conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra from 1985 until his death. He was also Chorus Director of the London Symphony Chorus from 1976 to 1991, with whom he premiered The Three Kings by Peter Maxwell Davies in 1995. He also premiered A Dance on the Hill in 2005, by the same composer. His repertoire included over 100 first performances.
In 1990, he co-founded the baroque orchestra Collegium Musicum 90 with Simon Standage. For five years, Hickox was Music Director of the Spoleto Festival, Italy. From 2000 to 2006, he was Principal Conductor of the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, thereafter becoming its Conductor Emeritus. He became the Music Director of Opera Australia in 2005, and in this role he conducted the Australian premieres of The Love for Three Oranges, Rusalka, and Arabella (which won 2008's prestigious Helpmann Award for Best Opera). He also collaborated on new productions of The Tales of Hoffmann and Alcina. CD recordings of The Love for Three Oranges and Rusalka have been released by Chandos and received very positive reviews in the international and local press. Hickox also led major revivals, including Tannhäuser, Death in Venice, Giulio Cesare, Billy Budd, and Janáček’s The Makropulos Affair. In recent years, the Australian opera singers Fiona Janes and Bruce Martin, formerly featured with Opera Australia, had left the organisation and criticised Hickox and Opera Australia for perceived declines in artistic standards since the start of Hickox's tenure. Hickox was contracted as Opera Australia's music director through 2012 at the time of his death in November 2008.
Hickox was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2002 Queen's Birthday Honours. His recording repertoire concentrated on British music, in which he made a number of recording premieres for Chandos Records (he made over 280 recordings for this company). In 1997 he won the Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording for his recording of Britten's Peter Grimes. He won five Gramophone Awards: for recordings of Benjamin Britten's War Requiem (1992); Frederick Delius's Sea Drift (1994); William Walton's Troilus and Cressida (1995); the original 1913 version of Ralph Vaughan Williams' A London Symphony (2001 Record of the Year and Best Orchestral Disc); and Charles Villiers Stanford's Songs of the Sea (2006 Editor’s Choice). He made only the second recording of Delius's Requiem (1996).
He was awarded a Doctorate of Music at Durham University in 2003; and was an Honorary Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge. He received two Royal Philharmonic Society Music Awards, the first Sir Charles Groves Award, the Evening Standard Opera Award, and the Association of British Orchestras Award. He was also President of the Elgar Society.
On 23 November 2008, during a recording session of Holst's First Choral Symphony for Chandos, Hickox was taken ill and died in Swansea from a dissecting thoracic aneurysm. He had been scheduled to conduct a new production of Vaughan Williams' Riders to the Sea at English National Opera later that month.
A memorial service was held at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 26 November 2008, with music conducted by Sir David Willcocks. A service of thanksgiving took place in St Paul's Cathedral, London on 12 March 2009.
Hickox was married three times. In 1970 he married Julia Smith and they divorced in 1976. His second marriage to Frances Sheldon-Williams produced a son, Tom, and also ended in divorce. His third marriage was to the contralto Pamela Helen Stephen, and produced two children, Adam and Abigail. His widow and three children survive him.
- Credited in EMI booklet, CDP7461642
- Roger Maynard (2008-08-16). "Soprano sounds off about 'disrespectful' Briton in charge of Opera Australia". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- Bryce Hallett (2008-10-03). "Noises off: opera singer was made to sound 'like a goat'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- "Richard Hickox, opera conductor, dies aged 60". Telegraph (London). 24 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- The London Gazette: . 15 June 2002. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "Shock over music conductor's sudden death".
- Ashleigh Wilson (2008-11-24). "Opera Australia conductor Hickox dies suddenly". The Australian. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "UK conductor Hickox dies, aged 60". BBC. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
- "Queens' College Chapel Choir". Queens' College Chapel Choir. Retrieved 2008-11-25.[dead link]
- Goldsmith, Belinda (2008-11-25). "Thanksgiving service: Richard Hickox". The Times. Retrieved 2009-03-17.[dead link]
- Millington, Barry (25 November 2008). "Obituary—Richard Hickox—Versatile conductor renowned for his interpretations of 20th-century British and choral music". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- "Lives remembered: Lord Moore of Wolvercote, Maurice Jarre and Richard Hickox". The Times (London). 14 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Richard Hickox: conductor who championed works by British composers". The Times (London). 25 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- London Symphony Chorus history
- Biography on Bach-cantatas.com
- Biography page from National Orchestra of Wales
- Intermusica Artists (Agent's Page)
- Chandos Records tribute
|Music Director, City of London Sinfonia
Tamás Vásáry and Iván Fischer
|Artistic Director, Music Director and Principal Conductor, Northern Sinfonia
|Principal Conductor, BBC National Orchestra of Wales
|Music Director, Opera Australia