||The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. The dispute is about Richard Ingle being executed by the Province of Maryland. (June 2011)|
Most of the Ingle's background is unknown. He was born in England, possibly in London, around 1609 into a Protestant family that schooled him. He became a trader and ship captain. Ingle transported goods of Maryland traders from England and back and became prominent tobacco trader.
Ingle returned in February 1645 with the ship Reformation and attacked the Maryland colony in the name of Parliament. He attacked the settlement of St. Mary's and imprisoned leaders of the colony. Royalist proprietary governor Leonard Calvert fled to Virginia.
Ingle took control of the Maryland government. Under Ingle's leadership, his men looted property of wealthy Roman Catholic settlers. Ingle claimed that he had a letter of marque to cruise the waters of Shesapeake (Chesapeake Bay) and the permission of a new government in England. Local settlers regarded him as a pirate. He put two Jesuit priests to chains and transported them back to England. The events are known as the "Claiborne and Ingle's rebellion".
Governor Calvert returned in August 1646 and reestablished his control. Though most of his men were granted amnesty, Ingle was specifically exempted from it and executed.
- Edward Ingle - Captain Richard Ingle, the Maryland Pirate and Rebel (Baltimore 1884)
- Timothy B. Riordan - Plundering Time: Maryland and the English Civil War, 1645-1646 (Baltimore 2004)
- Maryland State Archives Governors of Maryland 1634 - 1689