Richard Ingoldesby

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Richard Ingoldesby
10th colonial governor of New York
In office
1691–1692
Preceded by Henry Sloughter
Succeeded by Benjamin Fletcher
Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey
In office
November 1702 – April 1710
Governor Viscount Cornbury, John Lovelace, 4th Baron Lovelace
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Vacant
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
November 1702 – April 1710
Governor Viscount Cornbury, John Lovelace, 4th Baron Lovelace
Preceded by John Nanfan
Succeeded by Gerardus Beekman
Acting Governor of New Jersey and New York
In office
May 1709 – April 1710
Preceded by John Lovelace, 4th Baron Lovelace
Succeeded by Robert Hunter
Personal details
Born Unknown
England
Died 1 March 1719
New York City
Profession army officer and Lieutenant Governor
Religion Church of England
For other people named Richard Ingoldsby, see Richard Ingoldsby (disambiguation).

Richard Ingoldsby or Ingoldesby (died 1 March 1719) was a British army officer and lieutenant governor of both New Jersey and New York. He became the acting governor for the two colonies from May 1709 to April 1710.

Life[edit]

Ingoldesby served the Prince of Orange during the Glorious Revolution as a field officer. He played a role in the Irish campaign by besieging the Jacobite stronghold at Carrickfergus. Ingoldesby, in September 1690, became a captain of a company being sent to New York to restore the royal crown following Leisler's Rebellion. Ingoldesby did this by removing Jacob Leisler from his assumed position as lieutenant governor of New York, and forced Leisler to surrender New York City. Following a brief skirmish in March 1691, Leisler was tried and convicted for both murder and treason, and was hanged that May on orders from Governor Henry Sloughter. This provoked some distaste by the pro-Leislerian followers.

The New York Council proceeded to select Ingoldesby as the commander-in-chief of the colony until a successor for Sloughter, who died not long after the Leisler trial, could be appointed. However, Benjamin Fletcher received the position instead.

Fletcher was dispatched to a company in Albany, New York, but low payment and supplies prompted him to return to England in 1696 for seven years (instead of his one year furlough). Through political intrigue, he attempted to get promoted, and was acquainted with William Dockwra, one of several East Jersey proprietors. Ingoldesby was backed by Dockwra to become the first royal governor of New Jersey, but Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury became governor instead and Ingoldesby became the lieutenant. Cornbury refused to grant any power to Ingoldesby at all during his period of governorship. Instead, Ingoldesby became part of the New Jersey Provincial Council.

Following the death of John Lovelace on 6 May 1709, he became the acting governor of both New Jersey and New York. However, due to the efforts of the proprietors that he opposed, Ingoldesby’s governorship became an object of suspicion.

In part of the Glorious Enterprise, a joint invasion of Canada by American and British forces, Ingoldesby urged the Assembly to raise New Jersey's quota of 200 men, a move which was unpopular with the Assembly's Quaker minority. However, he later twisted his role and tried to remove the Quakers from holding office positions by defeating the bill, whereupon he ordered that all Quakers were excluded from all public offices. Ultimately, he was persuaded to raise and equip the men, but since the British failed to provide any support, the mission was unsuccessful. Realizing that he would never become the appointed governor of New Jersey, Ingoldesby instead tried to divert much of the money that was to go to Lovelace to himself.

His commission for governorship was revoked by October 1709, but the news only reached him in April 1710. He died in New York on 1 March 1719.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Henry Sloughter
Governor of the Province of New York (acting)
1691–1692
Succeeded by
Benjamin Fletcher
Preceded by
John Lovelace
Acting Governor of the Provinces of New Jersey
and New York

1709–1710
Succeeded by
Robert Hunter