Richard Kurin (born November 27, 1950), an American cultural anthropologist, museum official and author, is the Under Secretary for History, Art and Culture at the Smithsonian Institution responsible for most of the national museums as well as a variety of cultural and educational programs.
Early Life and Career
Kurin was born in New York City, spending his early childhood in the south Bronx before his family moved to Queens. He was an honor student at Bayside High School, lettering in football, and earning Regents fellowship. He attended the State University of New York at Buffalo, and traveled to India in 1970, studying a Punjabi village and collecting artifacts for the American Museum of Natural History. He earned a B.A. in anthropology and philosophy in 1972. He then attended the University of Chicago pursuing graduate study in anthropology and specializing in the study of South Asia. He carried out fieldwork in Pakistan over the course of several years, earning a certificate from the University of California, Berkeley for the study of Urdu and an M.A. in anthropology from the University of Chicago. He was awarded a Fulbright-Hays doctoral dissertation fellowship and a Social Science Research Council fellowship for research in Pakistan. He earned the Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1981 for a dissertation entitled Person, Family and Kin in Two Pakistani Communities. In Pakistan he also conducted contract research on indigenous farming practices for Harza Engineering and the World Bank Indus Basin Master Planning Project and taught at the University of Karachi. He served as a visiting assistant professor of community development and then anthropology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale from 1979-1984, researching rural America and continuing his studies of Pakistani ethnicity, nationalism, and religious practice with grants from the American Institute of Pakistan Studies and the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Kurin worked on contract as a program manager for the Smithsonian’s Festival of American Folklife for the U.S. Bicentennial in 1976. He conducted research for the Smithsonian in India and Pakistan from the late 1970s through the mid-1980s, and served as the program manager for the Smithsonian’s Festival of India in 1984-85. He worked closely with Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley, Ralph Rinzler and Jeffrey Lariche and Indian designer Rajeev Sethi in organizing Aditi: A Celebration of Life, a major exhibition of the traditional Indian life cycle that included scores of musicians and artisans in the National Museum of Natural History and curating Mela: An Indian Fair for the Festival of American Folklife outdoors on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. He became deputy director of the Smithsonian’s Office of Folklife Programs in 1985, then its acting director in 1988. In 1990 he was appointed director of the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage by Secretary Robert McCormack Adams, a position he held until 2009. As director, he was responsible for the Smithsonian Folklife Festival on the National Mall, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, and other cultural educational programs. Kurin, working with Festival director Diana Parker, arranged for dozens of programs at the Festival, among the highlights a program on Massachusetts in 1988, Hawaii in 1989, White House workers, Maroon and New Mexico programs in 1992, Iowa in 1996, Wisconsin in 1998, the Mississippi Delta in 1999, Tibetan culture with the Dalai Lama in 2000, and the Silk Road with Yo-Yo Ma and more than 500 other artists from 28 countries in 2002 supported by funds from the Aga Khan Trust for Culture.
In 1987 Kurin worked with Ralph Rinzler on the acquisition of Folkways from Moses Asch and family. This included the production of a benefit album to raise funds for the acquisition. The album Folkways: A Vision Shared, featured Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, U2 and others. Produced by Columbia Records with Don Devito and Harold Levanthal, it won a Grammy Award for best traditional folk album. Kurin worked with fellow anthropologist Tony Seeger as the first director of Smithsonian Folkways Recordings and enlisted Grateful Dead drummer and musicologist Mickey Hart to re-engineer the collection. Smithsonian Folkways went on to produce more than a dozen Grammy winning and nominated albums, including the Anthology of American Folk Song in 1997.He garnered grants from the Rockefeller Foundation and the Paul Allen Foundation with John Kertzer to start Smithsonian Global Sounds, a digital music archive and distribution service. Kurin continued to work with musicians like Yo-Yo Ma and Mickey Hart on other several other recording and educational projects.
Dorothy Height, the president of the National Council of Negro Women, enlisted Kurin to help organize the production of the first National Black Family Reunion on the National Mall in 1986. Aid continued for over two decades. Kurin produced many of the Smithsonian’s major public programs on the National Mall, such as the Smithsonian’s Birthday Party in 1996, the National World War II Reunion for the opening of the National World War II Memorial, and the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian, both in 2004. Kurin produced public programs for Presidential Inaugurals in 1993, 1997, 2005, 2009, and 2013. He worked with the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games to produce a cultural festival in Centennial Park during the games in 1996, and with the White House to produce public programs for the celebration of the Millennium at the end of 1999. Kurin was awarded the Smithsonian Secretary's Gold Medal for Exceptional Service in 1996.
Kurin, with support from the U.S. Department of State, was appointed by the Director-General of UNESCO to a distinguished international jury for the Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage program in 1999. The same year, Kurin organized an international conference on Safeguarding Traditional Cultures with UNESCO at the Smithsonian. Kurin advised the U.S. Department of State on the development of an international treaty concerning traditional cultural heritage, and participated in an international experts group to help draft the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage which was approved by UNESCO in 2003 and has been ratified by more than 150 nations.Kurin led Smithsonian efforts to make the institution a Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowship program site for three years for a project on theorizing cultural heritage.Kurin was appointed by Secretary of State Colin Powell to the U.S. Commission for UNESCO in 2005 and reappointed by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in 2006. Kurin serves as the Smithsonian liaison to the White House Historical Association and the President’s Committee for the Arts and the Humanities.
While director of the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Kurin was appointed to chair of the Smithsonian’s 150th anniversary program committee by Secretary I. Michael Heyman. In 2004, Kurin was appointed acting director of Smithsonian National Programs by Secretary Lawrence Small, and two years later, director, overseeing the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service, The Smithsonian Associates, Smithsonian Affiliates and other educational programs as well as the programmatic aspects of the Smithsonian Channel, a cable television partnership with Showtime. In 2007, acting Secretary Cristian Samper appointed Kurin the Smithsonian’s acting Under Secretary for History and Culture, responsible for oversight of the National Museum of American History, National Museum of the American Indian, National Museum of African American History and Culture, National Postal Museum, Anacostia Community Museum, Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Latino Center and Asian Pacific American Program. Several months later, art was added to Kurin’s portfolio as he took on oversight of the Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Portrait Gallery, Freer and Sackler Galleries of Art, Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, National Museum of African Art, and Archives of American Art. In 2009, Secretary G. Wayne Clough made the appointment permanent. In additional to overseeing museums and programs, Kurin shares responsibilities for the Smithsonian’s Libraries, Archives, Fellowships, Collections and International Programs with the Under Secretary for Science. In 2009, Kurin organized the Smithsonian 2.0 conference, pairing Smithsonian staff with leaders in web and digital media from academic, educational and business worlds. In 2010, Kurin founded and organized the Haiti Cultural Recovery Project with the President’s Committee for the Arts and the Humanities and other cultural organizations to help save that nation’s heritage after the devastating earthquake. Funded by U.S.AID, The Broadway League, and other sponsors, the project sent more than 80 conservators to Haiti, trained more than 150 Haitians and saved some 35,000 artworks, artifacts, murals, sculptures, rare books and archives.
Kurin served as a professorial lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington from 1985 to 1994. He has authored more than a hundred scholarly articles and chapters and given hundreds of presentations at universities and museums around the U.S. and across the globe. He was awarded the Benjamin A. Botkin Prize in 1999 for lifetime achievement in public sector folklore by the American Folklore Society. He was a keynote speaker at the 2004 meeting of the International Council of Museums in Seoul, Korea and in 2007 gave the Founder’s Lecture at Harvard University's Peabody Museum. He has organized and led three Smithsonian Journeys Around the World cultural expeditions in 2008, 2009, and 2013.
Kurin, served as the PTA President of Bailey's Elementary School in the early 1990s had helped establish it as a center for arts and sciences, the first elementary school magnet program in the Fairfax County Public Schools.
Kurin serves on the Visiting Committee of the Social Sciences at the University of Chicago and was a member of the Dean’s Advisory Council at the University at Buffalo from 2004 to 2013 and an alumni recipient of the Dean’s Award.
- The Smithsonian’s History of America in 101 Objects (New York: Penguin Press, 2013)
- Madcap May: Mistress of Myth, Men and Hope (Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2012)
- Saving Haiti’s Culture: Cultural Recovery After the Earthquake (Washington: Smithsonian, 2011)
- Hope Diamond: The Legendary History of a Cursed Gem (New York: HarperCollins/Smithsonian Books, 2006)
- Smithsonian Folklife Festival: Culture Of, By, and For the People (Washington: Smithsonian, 1998)
- Reflections of a Culture Broker: A View from the Smithsonian (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997)
- Richard Kurin, Newsdesk, Newsroom of the Smithsonian, April 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Who’s Who in America, 1999.
- Bayside High School Yearbook, 1968.
- Richard Kurin Alumni Profile, UB Today, University at Buffalo Online Alumni Magazine, Spring/Summer 2008. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Kurin, Richard,“Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief,” Natural History, 89(11), 1980.
- PhD Recipients, University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Kurin, Richard, Highbeam Research. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Kurin, Richard. Reflections of a Culture Broker: A View from the Smithsonian (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997).
- Kurin, Richard. Smithsonian Folklife Festival: Culture Of, By, and For the People (Washington: Smithsonian, 1998).
- Smithsonian Folklife Festival, 2000 (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 2000).
- Smithsonian Folklife Festival, 2000 (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 2000).
- “Folkways Records: The Legacy of Moses Asch Comes to the Smithsonian,” 1987 Festival of American Folklife. Smithsonian Institution, 1987.
- Anthology of American Folk Music, ed. Harry Smith, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings SFW 40090, 1997 [originally 1952].
- Trescott, Jacqueline, “Smithsonian Folkways to Open MP3 Music Store,” Washington Post, April 1, 2005, C1. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Clough, G. Wayne, Clough, G. Wayne. “From the Castle,” Smithsonian, October 2009. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Salute to a Generation:, National WWII Reunion. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Celebrating the Grand Opening of the National Museum of the American Indian. Booklet, Smithsonian Institution, 2004.
- UNESCO Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, Jury. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Safeguarding Traditional Cultures: A Global Assessment (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, 2001).
- Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, UNESCO, 2003.
- Kurin, Richard. “Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in the 2003 UNESCO Convention: A Critical Appraisal,” Museum International, 221-22, May 2004.
- Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowships, Theorizing Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- “The Smithsonian Goes Cable,” Museum Anthropology, vol. 30, no. 2, September 2007.
- Smithsonian 2.0, Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Haiti Cultural Recovery Project. Retrieved 2013-10-13.t.
- Museums and Intangible Heritage, International Council of Museums, General Conference, Seoul, 2004.
- Smithsonian Journeys, Smithsonian Journeys. Richard Kurin. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- University of Chicago, Visiting Committee to the Division of the Social Sciences. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- University at Buffalo, Humanities Institute. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Alumni Awards, College of Arts and Sciences, University at Buffalo. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- Folklore - Advisory Council at the Smithsonian Institution
- Recent article about "cultural diplomacy," by Richard Kurin