In 1849 he received his medical doctorate from the University of Vienna, where in 1850 he became a "first assistant" to Carl von Rokitansky (1804-1878). In 1854 he was appointed professor of anatomy at the medical-surgical school in Olomouc, and during the following year became a professor of pathological anatomy in Krakow. In 1861 he became a professor at the medical-surgical school at Graz (from 1863 a full professor), serving as university rector in 1864-65. In 1875 he returned to the University of Vienna. After his death, his position at Vienna was filled by Hans Kundrat (1845-1893).
Parts of this article are based on a translation of an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia, namely Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1959, S. 302 f. (Direktlinks auf S. 302, S. 303).