Richard L. Thompson
||This article lends undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. (July 2011)|
|Richard L. Thompson|
Richard L. Thompson
February 4, 1947|
Binghamton, New York
|Died||September 18, 2008
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
Richard Leslie Thompson, also known as Sadaputa Dasa (February 4, 1947 – September 18, 2008), was an American mathematician, author and Gaudiya Vaishnava religious figure, known principally for his promotion of Vedic creationism and as the co-author (with Michael Cremo) of Forbidden Archeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race (1993), which has been widely criticised by the scientific community. Thompson also published several books and articles on religion and science, Hindu cosmology and astronomy. He was a member of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (popularly known as the Hare Krishna movement or ISKCON) and a founding member of the Bhaktivedanta Institute, the branch of ISKCON dedicated to examining the relationship of modern scientific theories to the Vaishnava worldview. In the 'science and religion' community he was known for his articulation of ISKCON's view of science. Danish historian of religion Mikael Rothstein described Thompson as "the single dominating writer on science" in ISKCON whom ISKCON has chosen to "cover the field of science more or less on his own". C. Mackenzie Brown, professor of religion at Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, described him as "the leading figure" in ISKCON's critique of modern science.
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Richard L. Thompson was born in Binghamton, New York, in 1947. In 1974 he received a Ph.D. in mathematics from Cornell University. In the same year he formally became a member of ISKCON, receiving spiritual initiation from ISKCON's founder, A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, and adopting the spiritual name Sadaputa Dasa. Thompson carried out research in the fields of statistical mechanics, probability theory, and mathematical biology. He published scholarly articles in refereed journals and series, such as Journal of Mathematical Geology, Remote Sensing of the Environment, Biosystems, and International Review of Cytology. In 1976 he became a founding member of the Bhaktivedanta Institute, the scientific branch of ISKCON dedicated to examining the relationship of modern scientific theories to Swami Prabhupada’s Vaishnava worldview. Soon after joining ISKCON, Thompson became "ISKCON's dominating figure in science" and "established himself as the leading figure in the movement's critique of modern science in the light of Vedic spiritual (or 'higher-dimensional') science." He formulated ISKCON's view on the concept of "higher-dimensional science" and wrote extensively on scientific subjects from this perspective. In support of ISKCON's theology, he made research and analysis of the relation between the Vaishnava theological worldview and modern science.
Thompson died on September 18, 2008.
Coauthor Michael Cremo writes in the Preface to the first edition, that the work's central claim is that anomalous paleontological evidence dating in the many hundreds of thousands of years, and with some, such as the Laetoli footprints, stretching toward the low millions, suggest that modern man "perhaps ... coexisted with more apelike creatures," and that the scientific establishment has suppressed the fossil evidence of extreme human antiquity. This argument has been critiqued by mainstream scholars from a variety of disciplines.
- Thompson, Richard L. (1974). Equilibrium States of Thin Energy Shells. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-1850-3.
- Thompson, Richard L. (1981). Mechanistic and Nonmechanistic Science: An Investigation Into the Nature of Consciousness and Form. Lynbrook, NY: Bala Books. ISBN 0-89647-014-8.
- Goel, Narendra S.; Thompson, Richard L. (1988). Computer Simulations of Self-Organizations in Biological Systems. London: Croom Helm. ISBN 0-02-947922-3.
- Thompson, Richard L. (1989). Vedic Cosmography and Astronomy. Los Angeles: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. ISBN 0892132698.
- Cremo, Michael A.; Thompson, Richard L. (1993). Forbidden Archeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race. San Diego: Bhaktivedanta Institute. ISBN 0-9635309-8-4.
- Thompson, Richard L. (1995). Alien Identities: Ancient Insights into Modern UFO Phenomena, 2nd Edition. Alachua, FL: Govardhan Hill Publishing. ISBN 0-9635309-4-1.
- Thompson, Richard L. (2003). Maya: The World as Virtual Reality. Alachua, FL: Govardhan Hill Publishing. ISBN 0-9635309-0-9.
- Thompson, Richard L. (2006). The Cosmology of the Bhagavata Purana: Mysteries of the Sacred Universe. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 8120819195.
- Thompson, Richard L. (2007). God and Science: Divine Causation and the Laws of Nature. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-3254-1.
Papers and other professional works
- Thompson, Richard (1980). "A Measure of Shared Information in Classes of Patterns". Pattern Recognition 12: 369–379. doi:10.1016/0031-3203(80)90013-8.
- Thompson, Richard (1984). "A Stochastic Model of Sedimentation". Journal of Mathematical Geology 16: 753–778. doi:10.1007/bf01036703.
- Thompson, Richard L.; Narendra S. Goel (1985). "A Simulation of T4 Bacteriophage Assembly and Operation". Biosystems 18: 23–45. doi:10.1016/0303-2647(85)90058-9.
- Thompson, Richard L.; Narendra S. Goel (1988). "Movable Finite Automata (MFA) Models for Biological Systems I: Bacteriophage Assembly and Operation". Journal of Theoretical Biology 131: 351–385. doi:10.1016/s0022-5193(88)80230-3.
- Goel, Narendra S.; Richard Thompson (1989). "Movable Finite Automata (MFA): A New Tool for Computer Modeling of Living Systems". Artificial Life: the proceedings of an Interdisciplinary Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, held September, 1987, in Los Alamos, New Mexico, edited by Christopher G. Langton: 317–340. ISBN 0-201-09346-4.
- Thompson, Richard; Narendra S. Goel (1990). "Biological Automata Models and Evolution II: The evolution of macromolecular machinery". Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution, edited by John Maynard Smith and G. Vida: 409–413. ISBN 0-7190-2670-9.
- Thompson, Richard L.; Narendra S. Goel (1998). "Two Models for Rapidly Calculation Bi-direction Reflectance of Complex Vegetation Scenes: Photon Spread (PS) Model and Statistical Photon Spread (SPS) Model". Remote Sensing Review 16: 157–207. doi:10.1080/02757259809532351.
- Brown, C. Mackenzie (March 2002). "Hindu and Christian Creationism: "Transposed Passages" in the Geological Book of Life". Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science 37 (1): 95–114. doi:10.1111/1467-9744.00414.
- Henry, Granville C. (1984), "Review: Mechanistic and Nonmechanistic Science: An Investigation Into the Nature of Consciousness and Form by Richard L. Thompson", Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science 19 (2): 377, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9744.1984.tb00936.x
- Bakar, Osman (2003), "The Nature and Extent of Criticism of Evolutionary Theory", in Zarandi, Merhdad M., Science and the Myth of Progress, Bloomington, Indiana: World Wisdom, p. 161, ISBN 0-941532-47-X. Readable online at Worldwisdom.com
- Rothstein 1996, p. 122
- Meera Nanda in the Indian magazine Frontline called Thompson and Michael Cremo "the intellectual force driving Vedic creationism." Vedic creationism in America. Frontline. January 14–27, 2006. Retrieved on August 18, 2008.
- For example:
- Numbers, Ronald (2006). The Creationists. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. pp. 564–565, footnote 47. ISBN 0-674-02339-0.
- Wodak, J.; Oldroyd, D. (1996). "`Vedic Creationism': A Further Twist to the Evolution Debate". Social Studies of Science 26 (1): 192–213. doi:10.1177/030631296026001012. ISSN 0306-3127.
- Rothstein 1996, p. 126
- А. С. Тимощук (2008). "Р. Томпсон – нестатистический махатма (1947–2008)". In А. С. Тимощук. Махабхарата, Бхагават-гита и неклассическая рациональность: материалы III Международной научно-теоретической конференции (in Russian). Владимир: Издательство Владимирского государственного университета. pp. 141–144. ISBN 978-5-89368-918-1.
- Rothstein, Mikael (1992). "Videoer og vismænd: Traditionel og moderne kanon i de nye religioner". Chaos: Dansk-Norsk Tidsskrift for Religionchistoriske Studier (in Danish) (København: Museum Tusculanum Press) 18: 83–112.
- "Bhaktivedanta Institute (Alachua): People". Bhaktivedanta Institute. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Tarzia, Wade. "Forbidden Archaeology: Antievolutionism Outside the Christian Arena". Creation/Evolution 34:13-25, 1994 (34): 13–25.
- Wodak, J. and Oldroyd, D. (1996) ‘Vedic creationism’: a further twist to the evolution debate. Social Studies of Science, 26: 192–213 (quoted passages, p. 196, 206-207)
- Morrow, Tom. Review of Forbidden Archeology's Impact by Michael A Cremo. RNCSE 19 (3): 14–17
- Brown, C. Mackenzie (2009), "Hindu Responses to Darwinism: Assimilation and Rejection in a Colonial and Post-Colonial Context", Science & Education 19 (6-8): 705–738, doi:10.1007/s11191-009-9197-3
- Henry, Granville C. (1984), "Review: Mechanistic and Nonmechanistic Science: An Investigation Into the Nature of Consciousness and Form by Richard L. Thompson", Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science 19 (2): 377–380, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9744.1984.tb00936.x
- Rothstein, Mikael (1996), Belief Transformations: Some Aspects of the Relation Between Science and Religion in Transcendental Meditation (TM) and the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, ISBN 87-7288-421-5
- Wodak, Jo; Oldroyd, David (1996), "Review: 'Vedic Creationism': A Further Twist to the Evolution Debate", Social Studies of Science 26 (1): 192–213, doi:10.1177/030631296026001012, JSTOR 285746
- Raman, Varadaraja V. (April 25, 2005), "Hinduism and Physics Merge in ‘God & Science’", Science & Theology News: 42
- Feder, K. L. (1994). "Forbidden archaeology (review)". Geoarchaeology 9 (4): 337. doi:10.1002/gea.3340090408.
- Marks, J. (1994). "Forbidden archaeology (review)". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 93: 140–141. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330930113.
- Murray, T. (1995). "Michael A. Cremo and Richard L. Thompson, Forbidden Archeology (review)". The British Journal for the History of Science 28 (3): 377. doi:10.1017/S0007087400033410.
- Cremo, Michael A. (1998). Forbidden Archeology's Impact: How a Controversial New Book Shocked the Scientific Community and Became an Underground Classic. Los Angeles: Bhaktivedanta Book Publishing. ISBN 0-89213-283-3.