Richard Law, 1st Baron Coleraine

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Coleraine
PC
INF3-58 R K Law Artist Stephen.jpg
A portrait of Richard Law commissioned by the Ministry of Information during the Second World War
Minister of Education
In office
24 May 1945 – 26 July 1945
Preceded by Rab Butler
Succeeded by Ellen Wilkinson
Personal details
Born Richard Kidston Law
(1901-02-27)February 27, 1901
Died November 15, 1980(1980-11-15) (aged 79)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Parents Bonar Law and Annie Law
Alma mater St John's College, Oxford
Occupation Politician

Richard Kidston Law, 1st Baron Coleraine PC (27 February 1901 – 15 November 1980) was a British Conservative politician. He was the youngest son of former Conservative Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law and his wife Annie. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and St. John's College, Oxford.

He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hull South West in the 1931 general election and held that seat until 1945. In 1940 he was appointed Financial Secretary to the War Office and was then transferred to the job of Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs until 1943. He was then Minister of State until 1945, when in Churchill's caretaker government he was Minister of Education. In November 1945 became the MP for Kensington South, which he held until February 1950.

In 1950 he published Return from Utopia, which stated his belief that trying to use the power of the state to create any sort of Utopia on earth is not just unattainable but positively evil because one of the first principles to be sacrificed is the principle of freedom and individual choice. In the book Law argued:

To turn our backs on Utopia, to see it for the sham and the delusion that it is, is the beginning of hope. It is to hold out once again the prospect of a society in which man is free to be good because he is free to choose. Freedom is the first condition of human virtue and Utopia is incompatible with freedom. Come back from Utopia and hope is born again.[1]

Law was again elected as an MP in the election of 1951, this time for Haltemprice. Law resigned his seat in February 1954 in order to be elevated to the House of Lords as Baron Coleraine, of Haltemprice in the East Riding of the County of York.

In 1970 he published For Conservatives Only where he criticised the Conservative leadership for what he saw as sacrificing Tory principles for electoral expediency and the pursuit of the "middle ground". He was also Patron of the Selsdon Group of Conservative MPs.

Lord Coleraine married Mary Virginia, daughter of Abraham Fox Nellis, of Rochester, New York, in 1929. He died on 15 November 1980, age 79, and was succeeded in the barony by his son James Martin Bonar Law, 2nd Baron Coleraine.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Law, Return from Utopia (London: Faber and Faber, 1950), p. 9.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Arnott
Member of Parliament for Hull South West
19311945
Succeeded by
Sydney Herbert Smith
Preceded by
Sir William Davison
Member of Parliament for Kensington South
19451950
Succeeded by
Sir Patrick Spens
New constituency Member of Parliament for Haltemprice
19501954
Succeeded by
Sir Patrick Wall
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Grigg
Financial Secretary to the War Office
1940–1941
Succeeded by
Duncan Sandys
Preceded by
Rab Butler
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1941–1943
Succeeded by
George Henry Hall
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
1943–1945
Succeeded by
William Mabane
Preceded by
Rab Butler
Minister of Education
1945
Succeeded by
Ellen Wilkinson
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Coleraine
1954–1980
Succeeded by
James Martin Bonar Law