Richard Marshall (priest)

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For other people named Richard Marshall, see Richard Marshall (disambiguation).

Richard Marshall D.D. (1517 – in or after 1575) was an English clergyman and academic administrator at the University of Oxford.

Marshall was elected Dean (head) of Christ Church, Oxford in 1553, a post he held until 1559.[1][2] He was Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University during 1552–4.[3][4]

Life[edit]

He is thought to have been the son of William Marshall, was said to be from Kent, and was a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, from 1532 till 1538. He graduated B.A. 5 December 1537, and his subsequent degrees were M.A. 5 October 1540, B.D. October 1544, and D.D. 18 July 1552. He became fellow of his college in 1538, but migrated to Christ Church about 1540, becoming a student there.[5]

At Corpus Marshall was Greek lecturer, and noted as a strong Roman Catholic traditionalist. He was one of the witnesses against John Dunne in October 1538. In Edward VI's reign he is said to have turned Protestant, and was vice-chancellor in 1552, but he changed his views under Mary I. He also dug up the body of Peter Martyr's wife in Christ Church, and had it cast on his dunghill.[5]

Marshall became dean of Christ Church in 1553, and is probably the Marshall or Martial who held prebends at St. Paul's and Winchester during Mary's reign. In 1554 he took part in the Oxford disputation on transubstantiation, was one of the witnesses against Thomas Cranmer, aided in the degradation of Nicholas Ridley. He almost caught John Jewel when he fled from Oxford after his recantation in the autumn of 1555.[5]

At Elizabeth I's accession Marshall lost his preferments. He retained powerful friends, as he had been domestic chaplain to Lord Arundell. He found refuge with Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland and Christopher Metcalf in the north. He was captured and brought to London, and signed a fresh recantation.[5]

Marshall then worked again as a Catholic priest, among the northern recusants. Finally he went into exile, in Leuven and Douai.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salter, H. E. and Lobel, Mary D., ed. (1954). "Christ Church". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 3: The University of Oxford. Victoria County History. pp. 228–238. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ Horn, Joyce M., ed. (1996). "Deans of Christ Church, Oxford". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857: volume 8: Bristol, Gloucester, Oxford and Peterborough dioceses. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 80–83. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Previous Vice-Chancellors". University of Oxford, UK. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  4. ^ University of Oxford (1888). "Vice-Chancellors". The Historical Register of the University of Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 21–27. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Martial, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ Haigh, Christopher. "Marshall, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18170.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Martial, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Academic offices
Preceded by
James Brokes
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1552–1554
Succeeded by
John Warner
Preceded by
Richard Cox
Dean of Christ Church, Oxford
1553–1559
Succeeded by
George Carew