Meier in New York City, April 2009
October 12, 1934 |
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
|Awards||Pritzker Prize (1984)
AIA Gold Medal (1997)
|Practice||Richard Meier & Partners|
|Buildings||Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
City Hall and Central Library, The Hague
Getty Center, Los Angeles
Richard Meier (born October 12, 1934) is an American abstract artist and architect, whose geometric designs make prominent use of the color white. A winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1984, some of his more iconic buildings include the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art and the Getty Center in Los Angeles.
Meier was born as the oldest of three sons of Jerome Meier, wholesale wine and liquor salesman, and Carolyn Kaltenbacher in Newark, New Jersey. He grew up in nearby Maplewood, where he attended Columbia High School. He earned a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Cornell University in 1957. After graduation, he traveled to Israel, Greece, Germany, France, Denmark, Finland and Italy, among other places, to network with architects.
Meier worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill briefly in 1959, and then for Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to starting his own practice in New York in 1963. In 1972, he was identified as one of The New York Five. Early in his career, Meier worked with artists such as painter Frank Stella and favored structure that were white and geometric.
Though Meier was an acclaimed architect for many years, his design of the Getty Center, a massive museum complex in Los Angeles, California, which opened in 1997, catapulted his popularity into the mainstream. Some of his other notable commissions include museums such as the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, Georgia (1983), Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art in Spain (1995), and the Paley Center for Media in Beverly Hills, California (1996); city halls in The Hague, The Netherlands (1995) and San Jose City Hall (2007); and commercial buildings including the reconstruction of City Tower in Prague, Czech Republic (2008).
Today, Richard Meier & Partners Architects has offices in New York and Los Angeles with current projects ranging from China and Tel Aviv to Paris and Hamburg.
Much of Meier's work builds on the work of architects of the early to mid-20th century, especially that of Le Corbusier and, in particular, Le Corbusier's early phase. Meier has built more using Corbusier's ideas than anyone, including Le Corbusier himself. Meier expanded many ideas evident in Le Corbusier's work, particularly the Villa Savoye and the Swiss Pavilion.
His work also reflects the influences of other designers such as Mies Van der Rohe and, in some instances, Frank Lloyd Wright and Luis Barragán (without the colour). White has been used in many architectural landmark buildings throughout history, including cathedrals and the white-washed villages of the Mediterranean region, in Spain, southern Italy and Greece.
The Mayor of Rome Gianni Alemanno included in his campaign platform a promise to tear down the big travertine wall of Meier's Ara Pacis. Mayor Alemmano has since changed his stance on the building and has agreed with Meier to modifications including drastically reducing the height of the wall between an open-air space outside the museum and a busy road along the Tiber river. The city plans to build a wide pedestrian area along the river and run the road underneath it. "It's an improvement," says Meier, adding that "the reason that wall was there has to do with traffic and noise. Once that is eliminated, the idea of opening the piazza to the river is a good one." The mayor’s office said Alemanno hopes to complete the project before the end of his term in 2013.
Recognition and legacy
In 1984, Meier was awarded the Pritzker Prize. The jury citation declared that Meier has "created structures which are personal, vigorous, original." In 2008, he won the gold medal in architecture from the Academy of Arts and Letters and his work Jesolo Lido Village was awarded the Dedalo Minosse International Prize for commissioning a building. Meier is a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council. He was awarded the AIA Gold Medal in 1997. In 2013 Richard Meier was awarded the A+ Lifetime Achievement Award
In 2014, Meier opened a 15,000-square-foot exhibition space museum at Mana Contemporary in Jersey City. The space gathers much of his life’s work under one roof, and replaces a much smaller version that opened in 2007 in Long Island City, Queens, and that until 2013 was open only by appointment to students and tour groups. The new venue provides room to show his own sculptures, architectural drawings and collages for the first time, and is planned to include a research library.
- Westbeth Artists Community, New York City, 1970
- Condominium of the Olivetti Training Center in Tarrytown, New York, 1971
- Meier House, Essex Fells, New Jersey, 1965
- Smith House, Darien, Connecticut, 1965–1967
- Douglas House, Harbor Springs, Michigan, 1973 
- Bronx Developmental Center, The Bronx, New York, 1976
- The Atheneum, New Harmony, Indiana, 1979
- High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia, 1983
- Des Moines Art Center Modern Art Wing, Des Moines, Iowa, 1984
- Museum für angewandte Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany, 1985
- Daimler-Benz Forschungszentrum, today: Daimler Forschungszentrum, Ulm, Germany, 1992
- Stadthaus Ulm, Ulm, Germany, 1994
- Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona, Spain, 1995
- City Hall and Central Library, The Hague, Netherlands, 1995
- Edinburgh Park Masterplan, 1995
- Rachofsky House, Dallas, Texas, 1996
- Neugebauer House, Naples, Florida, 1998 
- Paley Center for Media, formerly The Museum of Television & Radio, Beverly Hills, California, 1996
- Getty Center, Los Angeles, California, 1997 
- Camden Medical Centre, Singapore, 1998
- White Plaza, Basel, Switzerland, 1998
- 173/176 Perry Street, Manhattan, 1999–2002
- Sandra Day O'Connor United States Courthouse, Phoenix, Arizona, 2000
- Peek & Cloppenburg flagship store, Düsseldorf, Germany, 2001
- Cathedral Cultural Center, Garden Grove, California, 2003
- Jubilee Church, Rome, Italy 2003 
- Museum Frieder Burda, Baden-Baden, Germany, 2004
- Ara Pacis Museum, Rome, Italy, 2006  (There has been talk of dismantling and relocating the museum since the election of Gianni Alemanno in 2008)
- City Tower, Prague, Czech Republic, 2004–2007
- Arp Museum, Remagen-Rolandseck, Germany 2008 
- San Jose City Hall, San Jose, California, 2004–2007
- University of Scranton, Connolly Hall, 2007
- Weill Hall, Ithaca, New York, 2008
- Meier Tower, Tel Aviv, Israel (2008–present)
- On Prospect Park, Brooklyn, NY, 2003–2008
- International Coffee Plaza, Hamburg, Germany, 2010 
- Bodrum Houses, Bodrum, Turkey, 2010–present 
- Vinci Partners Corporate Headquarters, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2012 
- Vitrum Apartments, Bogotá, Colombia, 2013 
- Jodidio, Philip (2005). Architecture: Art. New York: Prestel Verlag. p. 138. ISBN 3-7913-3279-1.
- Pranay Gupte (November 17, 2005), Lunch at The Four Seasons with: Richard Meier New York Sun.
- Tempest, Rone. "America's Designs on Europe Top quality U.S. architectural firms, feeling the pinch at home, are finding work in Europe-and are snapping up some of the most sought-after projects.", Los Angeles Times, August 25, 1992. Accessed September 19, 2008. "When the Canal Plus building was under construction, Meier said he had 17 American staffers on the ground supervising the work. But the lopsided European proportion of his recent workload has concerned the silver-haired, Newark, N.J.-born architect."
- Hilarie M. Sheets (January 24, 2014), Architect Goes Home, to Recall and to Work New York Times.
- Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate
- Pritzker Architecture Prize Jury Citation
- "Academy of Arts and Letters Announces Award Winners", Artinfo, April 17, 2008. accessdate=2008-05-19
- Dedalo Minosse International Prize 2008
- Design Futures Council Senior Fellows http://www.di.net/about/senior_fellows/
- Ellie Stathaki (May 17, 2013), Richard Meier exhibition and installation at Fondazione Bisazza Wallpaper.
- New mayor of Rome threatens to scrap "disfiguring" Richard Meier museum
- "Glass Half Empty: Richard Meier’s Brooklyn Tower," New York Times September 25, 2009
- Frampton, Kenneth, Rykwert, Joseph: Richard Meier, Architect, Rizzoli, 1998
- Frampton, Kenneth: Richard Meier, Phaidon, 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Meier.|
- Richard Meier official website
- Richard Meier in the National Gallery of Australia's Kenneth Tyler collection
- Official "Meier Tower" website
- Ara Pacis Museum, Rome
- Burda Museum website
- Rachofsky House website
- An appreciation of the Hague City Hall
- Collages by Richard Meier
- Over 100 photographs of the Richard Meier designed Rachofsky House which received AIA honor award in 2002
- Official "Bodrum Houses" website
- "The Surf Club" website
- Richard Meier video at Web of Stories
- "Big Red/Meier white," Cornell 50th reunion video on YouTube
- "The Surf Club Miami Beach" video on YouTube
- Richard Meier Architecture on Google Maps