Richard Meier

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Richard Meier
Richard Meier at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
Richard Meier in New York City, April 2009.
Born (1934-10-12) October 12, 1934 (age 79)
Newark, New Jersey
Nationality American
Awards Pritzker Prize (1984)
AIA Gold Medal (1997)
Practice Richard Meier & Partners
Buildings Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
City Hall and Central Library, The Hague
Getty Center, Los Angeles
For the American urban planner, see Richard L. Meier

Richard Meier (born October 12, 1934) is an American abstract artist and architect, whose geometric designs make prominent use of the color white.[1] A winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1984, some of his more iconic buildings include the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art and the Getty Center in Los Angeles.

Biography[edit]

Life[edit]

Meier was born as the oldest of three sons of Jerome Meier, wholesale wine and liquor salesman,[2] and Carolyn Kaltenbacher in Newark, New Jersey.[3] He grew up in nearby Maplewood,[4] where he attended Columbia High School. He earned a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Cornell University in 1957. After graduation, he traveled to Israel, Greece, Germany, France, Denmark, Finland and Italy, among other places, to network with architects.[2]

Meier is also the second cousin of the architect, theorist, and fellow member of The New York Five, Peter Eisenman.

Getty Center

Career[edit]

Meier worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill briefly in 1959, and then for Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to starting his own practice in New York in 1963. In 1972, he was identified as one of The New York Five. Early in his career, Meier worked with artists such as painter Frank Stella and favored structure that were white and geometric.[1]

Though Meier was an acclaimed architect for many years, his design of the Getty Center, a massive museum complex in Los Angeles, California, which opened in 1997, catapulted his popularity into the mainstream. Some of his other notable commissions include museums such as the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, Georgia (1983), Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art in Spain (1995), and the Paley Center for Media in Beverly Hills, California (1996); city halls in The Hague, The Netherlands (1995) and San Jose City Hall (2007); and commercial buildings including the reconstruction of City Tower in Prague, Czech Republic (2008).

Today, Richard Meier & Partners Architects has offices in New York and Los Angeles with current projects ranging from China and Tel Aviv to Paris and Hamburg.

Much of Meier's work builds on the work of architects of the early to mid-20th century, especially that of Le Corbusier and, in particular, Le Corbusier's early phase. Meier has built more using Corbusier's ideas than anyone, including Le Corbusier himself[citation needed]. Meier expanded many ideas evident in Le Corbusier's work, particularly the Villa Savoye and the Swiss Pavilion.

His work also reflects the influences of other designers such as Mies Van der Rohe and, in some instances, Frank Lloyd Wright and Luis Barragán (without the colour)[citation needed]. White has been used in many architectural landmark buildings throughout history, including cathedrals and the white-washed villages of the Mediterranean region, in Spain, southern Italy and Greece.

The Mayor of Rome Gianni Alemanno included in his campaign platform a promise to tear down the big travertine wall of Meier's Ara Pacis.[citation needed] Mayor Alemmano has since changed his stance on the building and has agreed with Meier to modifications including drastically reducing the height of the wall between an open-air space outside the museum and a busy road along the Tiber river. The city plans to build a wide pedestrian area along the river and run the road underneath it. "It's an improvement," says Meier, adding that "the reason that wall was there has to do with traffic and noise. Once that is eliminated, the idea of opening the piazza to the river is a good one." The mayor’s office said Alemanno hopes to complete the project before the end of his term in 2013.[5]

Recognition and legacy[edit]

In 1984, Meier was awarded the Pritzker Prize.[6] The jury citation declared that Meier has "created structures which are personal, vigorous, original."[7] In 2008, he won the gold medal in architecture from the Academy of Arts and Letters[8] and his work Jesolo Lido Village was awarded the Dedalo Minosse International Prize for commissioning a building.[9] Meier is a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council.[10] He was awarded the AIA Gold Medal in 1997.[citation needed] In 2013 Richard Meier was awarded the A+ Lifetime Achievement Award[11]

Paying tribute Meier on the occasion of his firm's 50th anniversary, the Fondazione Bisazza presented the exhibition 'Richard Meier: Architecture and Design' in Vicenza, Italy.[12]

In 2014, Meier opened a 15,000-square-foot exhibition space museum at Mana Contemporary in Jersey City.[4] The space gathers much of his life’s work under one roof, and replaces a much smaller version that opened in 2007 in Long Island City, Queens, and that until 2013 was open only by appointment to students and tour groups. The new venue provides room to show his own sculptures, architectural drawings and collages for the first time, and is planned to include a research library.[4]

Getty Center.

Works[edit]

Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
The Atheneum in New Harmony, Indiana, United States.
Museum of Television and Radio, Beverly Hills, California
High Museum of Art in Atlanta

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jodidio, Philip (2005). Architecture: Art. New York: Prestel Verlag. p. 138. ISBN 3-7913-3279-1. 
  2. ^ a b Pranay Gupte (November 17, 2005), Lunch at The Four Seasons with: Richard Meier New York Sun.
  3. ^ Tempest, Rone. "America's Designs on Europe Top quality U.S. architectural firms, feeling the pinch at home, are finding work in Europe-and are snapping up some of the most sought-after projects.", Los Angeles Times, August 25, 1992. Accessed September 19, 2008. "When the Canal Plus building was under construction, Meier said he had 17 American staffers on the ground supervising the work. But the lopsided European proportion of his recent workload has concerned the silver-haired, Newark, N.J.-born architect."
  4. ^ a b c Hilarie M. Sheets (January 24, 2014), Architect Goes Home, to Recall and to Work New York Times.
  5. ^ http://www.france24.com/en/20100407-modern-scar-housing-roman-altar-be-modified
  6. ^ Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate
  7. ^ Pritzker Architecture Prize Jury Citation
  8. ^ "Academy of Arts and Letters Announces Award Winners", Artinfo, April 17, 2008. accessdate=2008-05-19
  9. ^ Dedalo Minosse International Prize 2008
  10. ^ Design Futures Council Senior Fellows http://www.di.net/about/senior_fellows/
  11. ^ http://architizer.com/blog/richard-meier-architizer-lifetime-achievement-award-winner/
  12. ^ Ellie Stathaki (May 17, 2013), Richard Meier exhibition and installation at Fondazione Bisazza Wallpaper.
  13. ^ http://www.e-architect.co.uk/los_angeles/crystal_cathedral.htm
  14. ^ New mayor of Rome threatens to scrap "disfiguring" Richard Meier museum
  15. ^ "Glass Half Empty: Richard Meier’s Brooklyn Tower," New York Times September 25, 2009
  16. ^ http://www.richardmeier.com/www/#/practice/press/releases/archive/0/678/0/
  17. ^ http://www.portafolio.co/economia/proyecto-richard-meier-bogota

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]