Richard Nugent, 1st Earl of Westmeath
Richard Nugent, 1st Earl of Westmeath (1583–1642) was an Irish nobleman and politician of the early seventeenth century. Imprisoned for plotting against the English Crown in 1607, he soon obtained a royal pardon, and thereafter was always a reliable supporter of the Government. His death resulted from his refusal to join the Irish Rebellion of 1641.
It is not surprising that the Crown regarded him with suspicion: when he was born his father was in custody on charges of treason, and was to die nineteen years later in prison, once more suspected of plotting treason. Initially Richard seems to have acted cautiously, and he was knighted at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin in 1603. The Crown's suspicion about his loyalty was justified: Delvin was implicated in the conspiracy which led to the Flight of the Earls in 1607 and was imprisoned in Dublin Castle. Due to lax security a servant was able to smuggle a rope into his cell, with which he escaped through the window and fled for safety to Cloughoughter Castle, a lake fortress in County Cavan.
His escape coincided with the arrival of Sir Cahir O'Doherty in Dublin to clear up a misunderstanding in which it had mistakenly been believed O'Doherty had been plotting an uprising. Delvin's escape shattered the government's confidence even in loyal Gaelic lords like O'Doherty, who were suspected of being part of a conspiracy with Delvin and others. The following year an aggreived O'Doherty and his followers burnt the town of Derry, launching O'Doherty's Rebellion.
In 1608 he appeared unexpectedly at the English Court and asked for a royal pardon. He seems to have been a youth blessed with charm and good looks, which was always a path to favour with King James I, whose fondness for handsome young men was a source of much gossip. Delvin was pardoned and restored to favour.
Thereafter his career until 1641 was one of almost uniform success. He received grants of land in several counties in 1611 - including 14,000 acres in County Galway, mainly around Tynagh and Kileen - and was able to build a new dwelling, Clonyn Castle, near the older family home, Nugent Castle. He took his seat in the Irish House of Lords in the Parliaments of 1613-15 and 1634-5, and was appointed a royal commissioner for the redress of grievances in 1633. He accompanied the Duke of Buckingham, the prime royal favourite, to the ill-fated Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1627. He was created Earl of Westmeath in 1621.
On the outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 the Earl, unlike many of the Anglo-Irish nobility, remained loyal to the Crown. Concerned that he was isolated at Clonyn, the Government sent a party to accompany him to Dublin. The party was ambushed at Athboy and the Earl was captured. He was rescued, but attacked again near Trim. He was seriously injured in the second attack and being nearly sixty, blind and afflicted with "palsy", he died from his injuries.
Richard Nugent married Jenet Plunkett, daughter of Christopher Plunkett, 9th Baron Killeen and sister of Luke Plunkett, 1st Earl of Fingall. According to family tradition, Lady Westmeath was nicknamed Jenny the Scraper due to her thrift and determination to eliminate any form of household waste.
They had five sons:
- Christopher, Baron Delvin
- John, ancestor of the Austrian Counts Nugent von Westmeath
- Ignatius (died 1671), a Colonel in the French service.
They also had two daughters :
- Mary, who married Henry, 2nd Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland.
- Extensive primary and secondary sources related to Richard Nugent can be found in the Nugent of Farren Connell Papers, a collection of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland with the id D3535. See the introduction.
- Webb, Alfred A Compendium of Irish Biography Dublin 1878
- Kenyon, J.P. The Stuarts B.T. Batsford London 1958
- Anonymous Historical Sketch of the Nugent Family J.C. Lyons 1853
- Webb Compendium of Irish Biography
|Peerage of Ireland|
Richard Nugent, 2nd Earl of Westmeath
|Earl of Westmeath