Richard Onslow, 5th Earl of Onslow
Richard William Alan Onslow, 5th Earl of Onslow GBE, PC (23 August 1876 – 9 June 1945), styled Viscount Cranley until 1911, was a British peer, diplomat, parliamentary secretary and government minister.
Background and education
He became an Attaché to Madrid a year later, Third Secretary to Tangier in 1903 and to St Petersburg in 1904 and Second Secretary to Berlin in 1907. In 1909, he became assistant private secretary to Sir Edward Grey, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. He then held a number of positions in the Foreign Office as a clerk in 1910, private secretary to the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1911–13 and assistant clerk from 1913-14.
Onslow had succeeded to his father's title in 1911 and he joined the army on the outbreak of World War I in 1914 and was mentioned in despatches three times. After the war, he was a Lord-in-Waiting from 1919 to 1920, a Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1920 to 1921, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries in 1921, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health from 1921 to 1923, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education from 1923 to 1924, Under-Secretary of State for War and Vice-President of the Army Council from 1924 to 192828 and Chairman of the Committees and Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords from 1931-44.
Onslow devoted much of his retirement to writing, producing The Empress Maud (1939); Sixty-three Years: Diplomacy, the Great War and Politics, with Notes on Travel, Sport and Other Things (1939), which went through several editions; and The Dukes of Normandy and Their Origin, which was completed in the year of his death and published posthumously.
Lord Onslow married the Honourable Violet Marcia Catherine Warwick Bampfylde, the only daughter of Coplestone Bampfylde, 3rd Baron Poltimore, on 22 February 1906. They had two children. He died in June 1945, aged 68, and was succeeded by his eldest son, William.
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