Richard Phillips (chemist)

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For other people named Richard Phillips, see Richard Phillips (disambiguation).
Richard Phillips

Richard Phillips FRS FRSE FCS FGS (21 November 1778 – 11 May 1851), was a distinguished British chemist and became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1822.

Early life[edit]

Born in Lombard Street, London on 21 November 1778, he was the son of James Phillips (1745–1799), a printer and bookseller and his wife, Mary. He trained in London, receiving his education as a chemist under George Fordyce and William Allen.[1]

In 1796, he and his brother William Phillips, together with William Allen and Luke Howard, took part in forming the Askesian Society. he then went on to be founder member of the Geological Society after the Askesian Society disbanded in 1807.[2]

Academic work[edit]

A talented chemist, he lectured in chemistry at Royal London Hospital from 1817 and was employed as a professor at Royal Military College in 1818. His proficiency was recognised when he was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1819, having been proposed by Thomas Allan, Leonard Horner and Sir David Brewster and as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1822. Around this time, he became an editor at Annals of Philosophy and later joint-editor at Philosophical Magazine, publishing papers in both.

Later life[edit]

He was appointed chemist and curator to the Museum of Economic Geology (later the Museum of Practical Geology, later the Geological Museum), at Charing Cross in 1839 and stayed in this position until his death.[3]

Richard Phillips married Ann Rickman on 14 April 1807. He died on 11 May 1851 at 2 Champion Place, Camberwell and was buried in Norwood Cemetery.[1][4]

Other[edit]

He was one of the founding members of the Chemical Society in 1841 and became its president in 1849, holding the position until his death. He was also prominent in the British Association.[4]

Phillips was a Quaker and a friend of Michael Faraday.[4] His paternal grandfather was William Phillips, husband of Catherine Payton Phillips, a Quaker travelling Minister (his late second marriage).

Works[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index II. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  2. ^ History of the Geological Society, UK.
  3. ^ Bolingbroke Woodward, Horace (1907). The history of the Geological Society of London. Geological Society. p. 13. ISBN 0-405-10466-9. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Oxford Dictionary of National Biography accessed 9 Feb 2010

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ODNB article by Frank A. J. L. James, ‘Phillips, Richard (1778–1851)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006 accessed 27 Sept 2010