Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset

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Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset, c. 1613, by William Larkin.[1]

Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset (18 March 1589, Charterhouse, London – 28 March 1624, Dorset House,[2] London) was the son of Robert Sackville, 2nd Earl of Dorset.

Born at Charterhouse, London, Sackville was styled Lord Buckhurst from 1608 until 1609, when he succeeded his father as Earl of Dorset and inherited the family home of Knole House.

During the years 1612–24 Sackville served as a Lord Lieutenant of Sussex.

Sackville is perhaps best remembered as the first husband of Lady Anne Clifford. They married on 27 February 1609, but their marriage was not a success; partisans of the Earl tended to blame Lady Anne's powerful personality, while partisans of the Countess pointed to the Earl's repeated infidelities, not to mention his extravagance and indebtedness – "one of the seventeenth century’s most accomplished gamblers and wastrels".[3]

A rumor noted later by the antiquary John Aubrey had it that one of Richard Sackville's "concubines" was Venetia Stanley. She was said to have had children by him and he settled upon her an annuity of £500 per annum.[4] Among the Earl's other mistresses was Martha Penistone, the wife of Sir Thomas Penistone, one of the Earl's retinue.[5]

At the time of their marriage, Lady Anne had been in a long-running legal contest over her inheritance rights; in 1617, the 3rd Earl signed away her claim on contested ancestral lands to James I, in return for a cash payment which the Earl used to pay off his gambling debts.[6]

The 3rd Earl and Lady Anne had five children between 1612 and 1621; however none of their three sons, born in 1616, 1618, and 1621, survived their father. Their two daughters, Isabella (born 6 October 1612, died 22 August 1719) and Margaret (born 2 July 1614,[7] died May 1676) were longer lived. Margaret became the wife of John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet.

The 3rd Earl died without a male heir on Easter Sunday of 1624 at Dorset House, London, and was succeeded by his younger brother Edward Sackville. He was buried on 7 April 1624 at St. Michael's Parish Church in Withyham, Sussex.

References[edit]

  1. ^ An added inscription on this painting misidentifies the sitter as Edward Sackville, Richard's younger brother, later 4th Earl of Dorset. See Karen Hearn, ed. Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean England 1530-1630. New York: Rizzoli, 1995. ISBN 0-8478-1940-X, p. 198-199
  2. ^ Dorset House stood to the south of Fleet Street
  3. ^ Robert M Cooper, The Literary Guide and Companion to Southern England (Ohio University Press, 1998)
  4. ^ Oliver Lawson Dick, ed. Aubrey's Brief Lives. Edited from the Original Manuscripts, 1949, s.v. "Sir Kenelm Digby", p. 98
  5. ^ DJH Clifford (ed), The Diaries of Lady Anne Clifford (Sutton Publishing, 2003, note p 83)
  6. ^ Shakespeare Studies Vol. 25 (1997), p. 242.
  7. ^ http://www.thePeerage.com

External links[edit]

Media related to Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Dorset
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
1612–1624
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dorset
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Robert Sackville
Earl of Dorset
1609–1624
Succeeded by
Edward Sackville