Richard Southwell (courtier)

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Sir Richard Southwell PC (c. 1502/1503 – 11 January 1564) was an English Privy Councillor.

Biography[edit]

He was born at Windham Manor in Norfolk, the son of Francis Southwell, an auditor of the exchequer, and Dorothy (née Tendring). Richard's father died in 1512, and he inherited the estate.[1] Less than two years later[2] he was also to inherit the estate of his uncle Robert Southwall who had served as chief butler to Henry VII. In 1515 he became the ward of his uncle's widow and William Wootton. In 1519 Thomas Wyndham acquired the wardship.

Wyndham married Southwell to his stepdaughter Thomasin, who was the daughter of Roger Darcy of Danbury and sister of Thomas Darcy.They had a daughter. He later married Mary, the daughter of Thomas Darcy of Danbury, and the widow of Robert Leeche of Norwich, Norfolk. They had one legitimate daughter and two illegitimate sons (including Richard Southwell alias Darcy) and two illegitimate daughters.[3]

In 1526 he entered Lincoln's Inn. He became tutor to Gregory Cromwell, son of Thomas. For some period Gregory lived with Southwell in Woodrising Manor in Norfolk, which Southwell had inherited from his uncle. In 1531 Southwell became a Justice of the Peace for Norfolk and Suffolk. In the same year, he was involved in the murder of Sir William Pennington and the following year he paid a fine of £1000 to obtain a pardon.

From 1534 to 1535, Southwell was High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. It was in 1536 that his portrait was painted by Hans Holbein the Younger. He played a part in the downfall of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey and was a witness in the trial of Sir Thomas More, where he claimed not to have heard the details of the damning conversation between Richard Rich and the accused. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1539 as knight of the shire for Norfolk and knighted in 1540.[3] After the death of James V of Scotland, Southwell went to Edinburgh in January 1543 to negotiate with the Scottish lords.[4] He was one of the assistants to the executors of the will of Henry VIII.[5]

Southwell was one of the signatories of The Will of King Edward the Sixth, and His Devise for the Succession to the Crown. He was appointed to the Privy Council on 12 March 1547, although he was removed from the full council the following year. He was reappointed by Mary of England. Southwell was described as the driving force behind the plan to marry Elizabeth I of England to Edward Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon. He was re-elected to represent Norfolk again in 1542, 1553 and twice in 1554.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ on the 2 September 1512
  2. ^ on 30 March 1914
  3. ^ a b c "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  4. ^ Bain, JS., ed., The Hamilton Papers, vol. 1, Edinburgh, (1890) 364-379.
  5. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Southwell, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

References[edit]

  • Lehmberg, Stanford (2004). "Southwell, Sir Richard (1502/3–1564)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. 

External links[edit]


Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Philip Hoby
Master-General of the Ordnance
1554–1559
Succeeded by
Ambrose Dudley
Political offices
Preceded by
?
Custos Rotulorum of Norfolk
bef. 1544– aft. 1547
Succeeded by
Sir James Boleyn