Richard Sylbert

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Richard Sylbert
Born April 16, 1928
Brooklyn, New York
Died March 23, 2002(2002-03-23) (aged 73)
Los Angeles, California
Occupation actor, producer, scenery painter, production designer, art director, set designer
Nationality American
Spouse Carol Godshalk (1951-1967), Susanna Moore (1973-1978), Sharmagne Leland-St. John (1991-2002)
Children Douglas, Jon, Mark, Lulu and Daisy

Richard Sylbert (April 16, 1928 – March 23, 2002) was an Academy Award winning production designer and art director, primarily for feature films.

Early life[edit]

Sylbert was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Samuel and Lily (Lazell) Sylbert, and was the twin brother of Oscar-winning production designer Paul Sylbert. Richard Sylbert fought in the Korean War[1] and attended the Tyler School of Art at Temple University in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania.[2] His grandfather, Ribac, was a journalist in his native Romania before immigrating to the United States. Sylbert began his career in the early days of television, designing productions of Hamlet (1953) and Richard II (1954) for the Hallmark Hall of Fame.

Sylbert's first film credit was Patterns (1956), a big screen adaptation of an Emmy Award-winning teleplay by Rod Serling. He went on to design Baby Doll, A Face in the Crowd, The Fugitive Kind, Murder, Inc., Splendor in the Grass, Walk on the Wild Side, Long Day's Journey into Night, The Manchurian Candidate, The Pawnbroker, Lilith, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, The Graduate, Rosemary's Baby, Catch-22, Carnal Knowledge, Chinatown, Shampoo, Reds, Frances, The Cotton Club, Tequila Sunrise, Dick Tracy, The Bonfire of the Vanities, Carlito's Way, Mulholland Falls, My Best Friend's Wedding, and Trapped. He worked multiple times with directors Roman Polanski, Elia Kazan, Mike Nichols, and Warren Beatty.[3]

Robert Evans named Sylbert his successor when he relinquished his position as production chief at Paramount Pictures in 1975. Sylbert oversaw The Bad News Bears, Nashville, and Days of Heaven before being replaced in 1978.[1]

Sylbert was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction six times and won twice, for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and Dick Tracy.[4] He won the BAFTA Award for Best Production Design for Dick Tracy. He was nominated for an Emmy for his production design of the set for the long-running television sit-com "Cheers." In 2000 Sylbert was honored with the Art Directors Guild Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2002 Sylbert was to have received the Hollywood Film Festival's Life Achievement Award. His widow gave the committee permission to name the award after him in perpetuity and that year it was given to Harold Michelson, his longtime art director and colleague.

Sylbert died of cancer at the age of 73 at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California. At the time of his death, Sylbert was married to Native American poet Sharmagne Leland-St. John, mother of one of his daughters, Daisy Alexandra Sylbert-Torres, a costume designer and Echo Park boutique owner. He had three sons Douglas, Jon and Mark, by his first wife, Carol Godshalk, and another daughter, Lulu, by writer/actress/production and costume Designer Susanna Moore.

Film and television credits[edit]

This is the not-entirely complete table of credits that can be sorted by date, title or type of credit.

Year Title Credit type Notes
1953 Hamlet Production designer Hallmark Hall of Fame telefeature
1954 King Richard II Production designer Hallmark Hall of Fame telefeature
1956 Baby Doll Art director
1960 Murder, Inc. Production designer
1961 Splendor in the Grass Production designer
1961 Young Doctors, The Production designer
1961 Connection, The Production designer
1962 Manchurian Candidate, The Production designer
1962 Long Day's Journey Into Night Production designer
1962 Walk on the Wild Side Production designer
1963 All the Way Home Production designer
1963 East Side/West Side Production designer (1963-64 TV series)
1964 Lilith Production designer
1964 Pawnbroker, The Production designer
1965 How to Murder Your Wife Production designer
1966 Grand Prix Production designer
1966 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Production designer Best Art Direction (Black-and-White) shared with George Hopkins
1967 Graduate, The Production designer
1968 Rosemary's Baby Production designer
1969 The April Fools Production designer
1970 Catch-22 Production designer
1971 Carnal Knowledge Production designer
1972 Fat City Production designer
1973 The Day of the Dolphin Production designer
1974 Chinatown Production designer Academy Award nominee
1975 The Fortune Production designer
1975 Last Hours Before Morning Production designer TV movie
1975 Shampoo Production designer Academy Award nominee
1976 Partners Production designer Canadian feature. He was also credited for 1982 film of same title.
1979 Players Production designer
1981 Reds Production designer Academy Award nominee for Art Direction-Set Decoration; co-nominee Michael Seirton
1982 Partners Production designer
1982 Frances Production designer
1982 Cheers Production designer (1982-1993 TV series)
1983 Breathless Production designer
1984 The Cotton Club Production designer Academy Award nominee
1986 Under the Cherry Moon Production designer
1987 Heartbeat (video) Production designer Directed by John Nicolella; stars Don Johnson
1988 Tequila Sunrise Production designer
1988 Shoot to Kill Production designer
1990 The Bonfire of the Vanities Production designer
1990 Dick Tracy Production designer Academy Award for Best Art Direction shared with set decorator Rick Simpson
1991 Mobsters Production designer
1993 Carlito's Way Production designer
1993 Ruby Cairo Production designer
1996 Blood and Wine Production designer
1996 Mulholland Falls Production designer
2002 Unconditional Love Production designer

Highlights, recognition and awards[edit]

He won Oscars for his production design on Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1966)[5] and Dick Tracy (1990) [6] and was nominated four other times for his work on Chinatown (1974), Shampoo (1975), Reds (1981) and The Cotton Club (1984).

Over his course of his career, Mr. Sylbert worked with many of the major directors of the post-World War II period, including Elia Kazan, Mike Nichols, Sydney Lumet, John Frankenheimer, Brian De Palma and Francis Ford Coppola.

His résumé is filled with credits from some of the best-known titles of the 1960s and 70's, including Long Day's Journey Into Night, The Graduate, The Manchurian Candidate, Rosemary's Baby, Carnal Knowledge and Catch-22. Along the way, he forged close friendships with many of that era's Hollywood elite, including Jack Nicholson, Roman Polanski and Warren Beatty, for whom he designed Reds and Dick Tracy.

A self-described perfectionist, Mr. Sylbert's designs usually provided an instantaneous sense of mood and atmosphere, from his vision of marital claustrophobia (in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf) to the bleached facades of a drought-stricken Los Angeles (Chinatown) to an oversaturated comic book landscape (Dick Tracy).

His work was also notable for its keen detail, like a copy of a child-rearing guide on a bedroom bookshelf in Virginia Woolf, as well as its ingenuity, as when he re-created Tiananmen Square for the 1997 film Red Corner using a 200-foot-wide blue screen and thousands of 20-inch concrete slabs cemented to a parking lot in Playa del Rey, Calif.

Sylbert was born in Brooklyn, moments before his identical twin, Paul, with whom he shared a profession—Paul is also an Oscar-winning production designer, for Heaven Can Wait (1978) -- as well as a taste for fly-fishing and pipe smoking. The brothers also served in the Army together and later both studied painting at the Tyler School of Art at Temple University.

After school, the Sylbert brothers moved back to New York, where they found work painting sets and scenery. In the mid-1950s, Mr. Sylbert moved to Los Angeles to work as an art director on the television show The Inner Sanctum. During this period, Mr. Sylbert met William Cameron Menzies, the designer who burned Atlanta in Gone With the Wind. Mr. Menzies became his mentor.

His first film work as production designer came in 1956, for Baby Doll, directed by Elia Kazan, for whom he later designed A Face in the Crowd, and Splendor in the Grass. The approval of Mr. Kazan and appreciation of his work opened other director's eyes. Mr. Sylbert was in constant demand, working as an art director or production designer on more than two dozen films from 1956 to 1975.

In 1975 Mr. Sylbert jumped from the creative to the executive branch of Hollywood, becoming vice president in charge of production at Paramount Pictures. He approved the productions of several unlikely hits, including Looking for Mr. Goodbar and The Bad News Bears.

After three years at Paramount, he returned to design and remained active throughout the 1980s and 90's, working with directors like Francis Ford Coppola on The Cotton Club and Brian De Palma on The Bonfire of the Vanities and Carlito's Way. Tall and charismatic, he even acted a bit, appearing in a bit role in the 1996 film Mulholland Falls, a film he also, of course, designed.

In addition to his brother Paul, Mr. Sylbert is survived by his three sons, Douglas, Jon and Mark, by his first wife, Carol Gottschalk; and two daughters: Lulu, with second wife Susanna Moore, and Daisy, with third wife and widow Sharmagne Leland-St. John.

While Mr. Sylbert marveled at the magic of the movies, he was in many ways a traditionalist, preferring to build sets rather than create images with a computer and rallying against the suffusion of digital effects and runaway budgets. "It's cheaper to go to Venice than to put Venice in a computer," he said in a 1997 interview. "If we start making $200 million movies, the whole thing is going to go down the tubes."[7]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Filmmaker's Guide to Production Design (2002), by Vincent lo Brutto — Allworth Press ISBN 978-1-58115-224-1
  • Designing Movies: Portrait of a Hollywood Artist (2006)– Greenwood/Praeger ISBN 978-0-275-98690-2
  • Designs on Film: A Century of Hollywood Art Direction (2010), by Cathy Whitlock — Harper Collins ISBN 978-0-06-088122-1

References[edit]

External links[edit]