Richard Wettstein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Wettstein on Austrian 50 Schilling banknote from 1962

Richard Wettstein (30 June 1863, Vienna – 10 August 1931, Trins) was an Austrian botanist. He introduced the phylogenetic system (Wettstein system) into botany.

Wettstein studied in Vienna, where he was a disciple of Anton Kerner von Marilaun (1831-1898). He was a professor at the University of Prague from 1892, and at the University of Vienna from 1899. He newly laid out the Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna.[1]

In 1901 he became president of the Vienna Zoological-Botanical Society (Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft), and during the same year took part in a scientific expedition to Brazil. In 1919 he was appointed vice-president of the Vienna Academy of Sciences. During his later years (1929–30), he traveled with his son, Friedrich, to eastern and southern Africa.[2]

The mycological genus Wettsteinina is named in his honor. In 1905, he was co-president of the International Botanical Congress, held in Vienna.[3]

Principal writings[edit]

  • Nolanaceae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae, 1891.[4] - Nolanaceae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae.
  • Grundzüge der geographisch-morphologischen Methode der Pflanzensystematik, 1898 - Basics of geographical-morphological methods of plant systematics.
  • Botanik Und Zoologie In Österreich in den Jahren 1850 Bis 1900, 1901 - Botany and zoology in Austria in the years 1850 to 1900.
  • Der Neo-Lamarckismus und seine Beziehungen zum Darwinismus, 1903 - Neo-Lamarckism and its relationship to Darwinism.
  • Handbuch der systematischen Botanik, two volumes, 1924 - Textbook of systematic botany.[5]



  1. ^ Google Books Scholars in Stone and Bronze: The Monuments in the Arcaded Courtyard of the ... by Thomas Maisel
  2. ^ Aeiou Encyclopedia (biographical information & photograph)
  3. ^ BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  4. ^ Google Books 'Nolanaceae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae
  5. ^ Written works @ Aeiou Encyclopedia
  6. ^ "Author Query for 'Wettst.'". International Plant Names Index.