Richard Winfrey

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Richard Winfrey MP, circa 1906

Sir Richard Winfrey (8 August 1858- 18 April 1944) was a British Liberal politician, newspaper publisher and campaigner for agricultural rights.

Birth, Death and Family[edit]

Winfrey was born at Long Sutton in Lincolnshire on 5 August 1858. He married Annie Lucy Pattinson of Ruskington, Lincolnshire in 1897. His wife's brothers, Samuel Pattinson (1870–1942) and Sir Robert Pattinson (1872–1954) were both Liberal MPs; Samuel for Horncastle from 1922–24 and Robert for Grantham from 1922-23.[1] In religion Winfrey was a Congregationalist.[2] He died on 18 April 1944 in Castor House, Castor, Peterborough.

Publishing[edit]

In 1887, Richard Winfrey purchased the Spalding Guardian, a local newspaper that was to provide the basis for the Winfrey family's newspaper interests. His next purchase was the Lynn News; he also started the North Cambs Echo and bought the Peterborough Advertiser. During World War II Winfrey's newspaper interests began to be passed over to his son, Richard Pattinson Winfrey (1902–1985) who himself unsuccessfully stood in the Holland with Boston by-election in 1924.[3] In 1947, under the direction of Pat Winfrey, the family's newspaper titles were consolidated to form the East Midland Allied Press, now the emap media group.[4]

Politics[edit]

Winfrey first contested South West Norfolk as a Liberal at the general election of 1895

General Election 1895 South West Norfolk[5]

Electorate 9,119

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Leigh Hare 3,968 51.3
Liberal Richard Winfrey 3,762 48.7
Majority 206 2.6
Turnout 7,730 84.8
Conservative hold Swing

and tried again in 1900.

General Election 1900 South West Norfolk[6]

Electorate 8,740

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Leigh Hare 3,702 50.4 -0.9
Liberal Richard Winfrey 3,636 49.6 +0.9
Majority 66 0.8 -1.8
Turnout 7,338 84.0 -0.8
Conservative hold Swing -0.9

He was elected Liberal MP for South West Norfolk at the 1906 Liberal landslide election

General Election 1906 South West Norfolk[7]

Electorate 8,936

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Winfrey 4,416 55.7 +6.1
Conservative Sir Thomas Leigh Hare 3,513 44.3 -6.1
Majority 903 10.4 12.2
Turnout 7,929 88.7 +4.7
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.1

and he held the seat

General Election January 1910 South West Norfolk[8]

Electorate 9,045

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Winfrey 4,239 51.5 -4.2
Conservative Sir Thomas Leigh Hare 4,000 48.5 +4.2
Majority 239 3.0 -8.4
Turnout 8,239 91.1 +2.4
Liberal hold Swing -4.2
General Election December 1910 South West Norfolk[9]

Electorate 9,045

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Winfrey 4,176 52.7 +1.2
Conservative Albert Edward Stanley Clarke 3,745 47.3 -1.2
Majority 431 5.4 +2.4
Turnout 7,921 87.6 -3.5
Liberal hold Swing +1.2

with the help of the Coalition Government coupon

General Election 1918 South West Norfolk[10]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal
  1. Sir Richard Winfrey
unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922 : South West Norfolk[11]

Electorate 32,305

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Richard Winfrey 10,432 54.7 n/a
Labour William Benjamin Taylor 8,655 45.3 n/a
Majority 1,777 9.4 n/a
Turnout 19,087 59.1 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

until 1923. He also represented Gainsborough from 1923-24.

General Election 1923

Electorate 27,294

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Richard Winfrey 9,694 47.1
Unionist John Elsdale Molson 7,841 38.1
Labour James Read 3,039 14.8
Majority 1,853 9.0
Turnout 20,574 75.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 27,619

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 10,281 47.1 +9.0
Labour F J Knowles 5,958 27.3 +12.5
Liberal Sir Richard Winfrey 5,590 25.6 -21.5
Majority 4,323 19.8 28.8
Turnout 21,829 79.0 +3.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.0
His first career had been as a chemist, and he steered the Poisons and Pharmacy Act 1908 through Parliament.

Office[edit]

1910s Richard Winfrey.jpg

Between 1906-1910 Winfrey served as Parliamentary Secretary to Earl Carrington and Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture from 1916-1918.

In August 1914 as Mayor of Peterborough he was one of the last to read the Riot Act after anti-German disturbances.[12]

Winfrey was knighted in the 1914 New Year's Honours. He also served as a Justice of the Peace. He was Chairman of the Lincolnshire and Norfolk Small Holdings Association, Ltd[13] and sometime Chairman of the National Educational Association.[14] At its foundation in 1906 he was Treasurer of the Eastern Counties Agricultural Labourers & Small Holders Union which in 1920 became the National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northamptonshire Past and Present, Northamptonshire Record Society., 1992 p317
  2. ^ Stephen Koss, Nonconformity in Modern British Politics; Archon Books, 1975 p135
  3. ^ The Times, 23 September 1985
  4. ^ EMAP plc - Company History
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  12. ^ Part 2: 'Fen men to the marrow' who have served us down through the years - Peterborough Today
  13. ^ Who was Who, OUP 2007
  14. ^ The Liberal Year Book, National Liberal Federation, Liberal Central Association (Great Britain); Liberal Publication Dept., 1933 p21

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Leigh Hare
Member of Parliament for South West Norfolk
19061923
Succeeded by
Alan McLean
Preceded by
John Elsdale Molson
Member of Parliament for Gainsborough
19231924
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Marlborough
The Viscount Goschen
Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the
Board of Agriculture and Fisheries

with The Lord Clinton

1918–1919
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen