Richard de Luci

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Richard de Luci
Chief Justiciar of England
In office
1154 – c. September 1178/Easter 1179
Monarch Henry II
Preceded by Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester
Succeeded by Ranulf de Glanvill
Sheriff of Essex
In office
1156–1157
Personal details
Born 1089
Died 14 July 1179
Lesnes Abbey, Kent
Spouse(s) Rohese
Children Godfrey de Luci, Maud de Luci

Richard de Luci (1089 – 14 July 1179) (also Richard de Lucy) was first noted as High Sheriff of Essex, after which he was made Chief Justiciar of England.

Biography[edit]

His mother was Aveline, the niece and heiress of William Goth. In the charter for Séez Cathedral in February 1130/31 Henry I refers to Richard de Luci and his mother Aveline. His brother Walter de Luci was abbot of Battle Abbey. [1]

An early reference to the de Luci family refers to the render by Henry I of the Lordship of Dice, Norfolk to Richard de Luci, Governor of Falaise, Normandy, after defending it with great valour and heroic conduct when besieged by Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou.

In 1153–4 de Luci was granted Chipping Ongar, Essex by William, son of King Stephen and his wife, Maud of Boulogne, where he built Ongar Castle. He was appointed Sheriff of both Essex and Hertfordshire for 1156.

The ruins of Lesnes Abbey, near London

When Henry II came to the throne in 1154, de Luci was made Chief Justiciar of England jointly with Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester. When de Beaumont died in 1168, de Luci continued to hold the office in his own right.[2] One of the members of his household was Roger fitzReinfrid, the brother of Walter de Coutances. Roger became a royal judge and later donated land to Lesnes Abbey in Kent, which had been founded by de Luci.[3]

He resigned his office between September 1178 and Easter of 1179,[2] and retired to Lesnes Abbey, where he died and was buried three months later on 14 July 1179.

His wife Rohese, who is named in several documents, was a sister of Faramus of Boulogne.[4] His second son was Godfrey de Luci (d. 1204), Bishop of Winchester. His daughter, Maud, who inherited all his Essex lands, married Walter Fitz Robert; their son was Robert Fitzwalter.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Knowles The Monastic Order in England p. 589
  2. ^ a b Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 69
  3. ^ Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 942
  4. ^ Richardson, D. (2011) Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study ... p. 202 (via Google)

References[edit]

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
  • Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester
Chief Justiciar
jointly with Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester

1154 – c. 1179
Succeeded by
Ranulf de Glanville