Richfield, Minnesota

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Richfield, Minnesota
City
Official seal of Richfield, Minnesota
Seal
Location of Richfieldwithin Hennepin County, Minnesota
Location of Richfield
within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°52′55″N 93°16′06″W / 44.882026°N 93.268447°W / 44.882026; -93.268447Coordinates: 44°52′55″N 93°16′06″W / 44.882026°N 93.268447°W / 44.882026; -93.268447
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Hennepin
Founded 1850s
Incorporated 1908
Government
 • Mayor Debbie Goettel (elected 2006)
Area[1]
 • City 7.01 sq mi (18.16 km2)
 • Land 6.87 sq mi (17.79 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)  2.00%
Elevation 840 ft (256 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 35,228
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 36,087
 • Density 5,127.8/sq mi (1,979.9/km2)
 • Metro 2,968,805
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55423
Area code(s) 612
FIPS code 27-54214[4]
GNIS feature ID 0650061[5]
Website www.cityofrichfield.org

Richfield is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States. An inner-ring suburb of the Minneapolis–Saint Paul region, it is bordered by Minneapolis to the north, Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport to the east, Bloomington to the south, and Edina to the west. Best Buy, the U.S.'s second largest electronics retailer, has its headquarters in Richfield. The population was 35,228 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

Map showing land annexations and Richfield's original borders as a town in 1854 and present day borders as a city.

The beginnings of Richfield date back to the 1850s, when it was still a small farming community.[7] Close to Minneapolis and Fort Snelling, it was on the edge of a growing and expanding city with business and commerce not far away. One of the first settlers was Riley Bartholomew, a former General in the Ohio Militia who became a Richfield Justice of the Peace and a Minnesota State Senator. Bartholomew built a house on the east shore of Wood Lake in 1852, and the restored Riley Lucas Bartholomew House is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Today, the house and site are maintained by the Richfield Historical Society. In the early days, Richfield extended as far north as Lake Street, and included present day Edina on the west, and extended to the Mississippi and the Minnesota Rivers on the east, and to Bloomington on the south. On May 11, 1858, as Congress was admitting Minnesota into the Union, the early residents of Richfield had their first town meeting. That same year Richfield was named for the fertile farm land it encompassed. By 1879, the community's first town hall was constructed. Early residents were German, Irish and families from the New England area. These residents were soon joined by immigrants from Sweden, Norway and Denmark.[8]

It was not until 1908 that Richfield became a village. From 1908 until 1950, Richfield's local government consisted of a President, three trustees, and a clerk. On November 7, 1950, residents voted for a village manager form of government, meaning the city had a Mayor, four council members, and one City Manager. This is still the form of government used today. Richfield's first Mayor was Clarence Christian, who began serving in 1951, but served as President under the old format dating back to 1948. By the late 1940s, the city's population started increasing rapidly as farmland was sold to developers who were building homes for veterans returning from World War II. In 1955, the Richfield Chamber of Commerce was formed and has been deeply involved in the development, as well as the redevelopment, of the community since that time.

The first half of the 20th century also saw the boundaries of Richfield change, as annexations decreased the size of the city. Three annexations by Minneapolis brought the village to 62nd Street, its present north boundary. In 1888, Edina formed a separate community and in 1905 a section of the east to 34th Avenue was requisitioned by Fort Snelling. In 1941, another section of East Richfield went to the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport, and by 1955 all of the Wold-Chamberlain Field (municipal airport) was separated from the village.

Over the years, populations of all nearby communities increased and after World War II, Richfield flourished with commuters to Twin Cities jobs. Today, Richfield has a population of about 35,000 residents who live within seven square miles of neighborhoods, parks and shops.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.01 square miles (18.16 km2), of which 6.87 square miles (17.79 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[1]

Interstates 35W and 494 and Minnesota State Highways 62 and 77 are four of the main routes in the city.

The majority of the 10,000 single-family homes were constructed in the 1950s, and the 5,000 apartments date from the 1960s and early 1970s. The Richfield Rediscovered Housing Program has established an environment of change in the community as it encourages home remodeling, expansion, and reconstruction. The program is gradually changing the face of Richfield's residential neighborhoods, upgrading them from small, post-WWII styles to larger homes.

Richfield Land Use Areas (2005)
Land Use Specific Acres Percent
Total City Area 4569.4 100
Streets and Highways 1249.6 27.3
Net Land Use Area 3319.8 72.7
Total Residential Total Residential Area 2396.9 52.4
Single Family 2170.8 47.5
Two Family 35.0 0.8
Town Housing 3.4 0.07
Multi-family 182.2 4.0
Care housing 5.5 0.1
Total Non-Residential Total Non-Residential Area 922.3 20.2
Commercial 205.0 4.5
Public 16.8 0.4
Quasi Public 40.4 0.9
Church 56.6 1.2
School 109.2 2.4
Park 468.6 10.3
Railroad 11.8 0.3
Vacant 13.9 0.3

Economy[edit]

Business[edit]

Richfield is home to the corporate campus of Best Buy

Best Buy Company, Inc. moved its corporate headquarters into the city in 2003, becoming the largest employer in Richfield.[9]

Job growth in Richfield has reached unprecedented levels in recent years.[10] From the first quarter of 2001 to the first quarter of 2003, net job growth equaled 2,444 – the second highest in the metropolitan area. Additionally, total employment in Richfield jumped from 10,090 to nearly 15,000 between 1995 and 2005.[11]

In 2007, Cedar Point Commons opened in Richfield at Cedar Avenue and 66th Street, adjacent to Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport. SuperTarget and The Home Depot serve as its anchor tenants.[12] The SuperTarget has the Target bullseye painted on its roof, which can be seen from planes taking off from the airport. Target stores near Chicago O'Hare International Airport,[13] Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport also have bullseyes on their roof.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Best Buy (HQ) 5,200
2 US Bank 1,600
3 Richfield Public Schools 667
4 Target 375
5 City of Richfield 245
6 Metro Sales, Inc. 243
7 Best Buy (store) 200
8 The Home Depot 163
9 Richfield Health Center 122
10 Richfield Bloomington Honda 80

Population statistics[edit]

Population history
Year Population Number of people employed in Richfield
1940 3,778
1950 17,502
1960 42,523
1970 47,231 10,328
1980 37,851 10,698
1990 35,710 10,844
2000 34,439 11,602
2010[1] 37,500 17,100
2020[1] 40,000 19,300
  1. ^ Estimated projections[15]

Education[edit]

Richfield has public schools, private schools, alternative education programs, and post-secondary options.[16]

Public schools[edit]

The school district, Independent School District 280, serves about 4,200 students in Richfield and part of Edina in grades K-12. Richfield schools are organized around three key stages of youth development, Elementary School, Middle School, and High School.[17]

Elementary School: Four elementary schools serve primary students in Kindergarten through Grade 5. In an environment geared toward young children, students begin learning the fundamentals of reading, writing and math, and begin to explore other curriculum areas as well.

Middle School: Students in Grades 6-8 attend Richfield Middle School. Students work with a team of teachers in core academic areas of language arts, math, science and social studies. Students develop skills and talents through a variety of exploratory courses – including art, music, Spanish, physical education, health and computers/technology.[18]

High School: Richfield High School provides a wide variety of programs and activities to meet the interests and needs of students in Grades 9-12. A variety of honors, accelerated, independent study and college credit classes provide a high level of challenge for the 1,400 students that attend Richfield High School.[19]

Private schools[edit]

Post-secondary[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Richfield has more than 450 acres (1.8 km2) of parkland, 23 neighborhood parks and a nature preserve.[21] Wood Lake Nature Center is a 150-acre (0.6 km2) park operated by the city of Richfield that features wetlands, walking paths and an interpretive center. When the Nature Center opened in 1971, it was one of the first urban nature center in the United States, and is currently home to more than 200 different kinds of birds and 30 mammals.[22]

Richfield's Ice Arena has two full-size indoor skating rinks. Hockey games, figure skating, broom ball games, open skating, and community events all take place in this facility.[23] Located near the icea arena is Richfield's outdoor pool. Renovated in 2003, the swim complex features a 50-meter competitive pool, wading pool, and a 28-foot (9 m) double waterslide.[24] The city is also home to a single bowling alley – Lariat Lanes on the west side of Richfield.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 3,778
1950 17,502 363.3%
1960 42,523 143.0%
1970 47,231 11.1%
1980 37,851 −19.9%
1990 35,710 −5.7%
2000 34,439 −3.6%
2010 35,228 2.3%
Est. 2012 36,087 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[26]
2012 Estimate[27]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 35,228 people, 14,818 households, and 8,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,127.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,979.9 /km2). There were 15,735 housing units at an average density of 2,290.4 per square mile (884.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.8% White, 9.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 6.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.3% of the population.

There were 14,818 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 34,439 people, 15,073 households, and 8,727 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,993.9 people per square mile (1,927.1/km²). There were 15,357 housing units at an average density of 2,226.9 per square mile (859.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.25% White, 6.65% African American, 0.72% Native American, 5.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.41% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 6.27% of the population.

There were 15,073 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,519, and the median income for a family was $56,434. Males had a median income of $38,417 versus $29,909 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,709. About 3.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

On November 7, 2006, Debbie Goettel – despite having had no previous elected experience in the city's government – was elected Richfield's mayor. She assumed the position held by Martin Kirsch for 16 years (four terms). Richfield has five city council members, which include Sue Sandahl (at-large), Pat Elliott (Ward 1), Fred Wroge (Ward 2), Tom Fitzhenry (Ward 3) and Mayor Goettel. At the state level, Richfield is represented by DFLers, including state Sen. Patricia Torres Ray and state representatives Jean Wagenius and Linda Slocum. The city is located in Minnesota's 5th congressional district, represented by Minneapolis lawyer Keith Ellison, a Democrat.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ History of Richfield, City of Richfield Website
  8. ^ Richfield History, Community Profile
  9. ^ Best Buy Corporate Office Headquarters
  10. ^ Richfield Jobs (MN) | Simply Hired
  11. ^ Richfield Community Profile
  12. ^ Cedar Point Commons
  13. ^ Google Maps
  14. ^ City of Richfield CAFR[dead link]
  15. ^ 2006 Community Profile, PDF
  16. ^ rSchooltoday
  17. ^ Richfield District
  18. ^ Richfield Middle
  19. ^ Richfield High School
  20. ^ Fraser School Website
  21. ^ "Parks". City of Richfield, Minnesota. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Woodlake Nature Center". City of Richfield, Minnesota. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  23. ^ "Ice Arena". City of Richfield, Minnesota. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  24. ^ "Outdoor Pool". City of Richfield, Minnesota. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  25. ^ "Lariat Lanes". Lariat Lanes. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  26. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 15, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]