Richland County, Montana
|Richland County, Montana|
The Richland County Courthouse in Sidney, MT
Location in the state of Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
2,103 sq mi (5,447 km²)
2,084 sq mi (5,398 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 0.90%
5/sq mi (2/km²)
Richland County was created by the Montana Legislature in 1914 from part of Dawson County. An early proposed name for the county was Gate, but Richland was decided upon instead as a way to entice new settlers.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,103 square miles (5,450 km2), of which 2,084 square miles (5,400 km2) of it is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) of it (0.90%) is water.
Major highways 
Adjacent counties 
- Roosevelt County, Montana - north
- McCone County, Montana - west
- Dawson County, Montana - south
- Wibaux County, Montana - south
- McKenzie County, North Dakota - east
|McCone County||McKenzie County, North Dakota|
|Dawson County and Wibaux County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,667 people, 3,878 households, and 2,652 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 4,557 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.57% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 1.46% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 2.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.3% were of German, 22.4% Norwegian, 7.2% Irish, 6.2% English and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 3,878 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,110, and the median income for a family was $39,348. Males had a median income of $29,069 versus $19,203 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,006. About 8.10% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.
Although most of the surface land of the county is devoted to ranching, oil exploration and production became important elements of the county's economy beginning with the discovery in 2000 of Elm Coulee Oil Field.
Census-designated places 
See also 
- List of cemeteries in Richland County, Montana
- List of lakes in Richland County, Montana
- List of mountains in Richland County, Montana
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, Montana
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Place Names From Alzada to Zortman. Montana Historical Society Research Center. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.