Richmond from far
Location within Le Val-Saint-François RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||December 29, 1999|
|• Mayor||Marc-André Martel|
|• Federal riding||Richmond—Arthabaska|
|• Prov. riding||Richmond|
|• Total||6.90 km2 (2.66 sq mi)|
|• Land||7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)|
|There is an apparent contradiction between two authoritative sources|
|• Density||460.2/km2 (1,192/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.8%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||J0B 2H0|
|Highways|| Route 116
Originally settled by colonists from New England, Montreal and the Richelieu River valley circa 1798, Richmond is considered to be one of the oldest settlements in the former region of the Eastern Townships.
Richmond grew in importance during the 1800s when it became a key railway junction. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad opened between Montreal and Portland, Maine, on April 4, 1853 and was purchased four months later and absorbed into the Grand Trunk Railway (GTR)'s system. Two years later, the GTR opened a line from the mainline in Richmond northeast to Lévis to connect Montreal with Quebec City. The line was eventually extended further east to Rivière-du-Loup and a connection with the Intercolonial Railway, which operated trains on the GTR through Richmond to Montreal until 1897.
The town itself was first called Richmond in 1820, when a post office was inaugurated. By the 1860s Richmond was an important centre, with a college, literary institute and a public library.
Richmond's importance has waned since the 1930s, however, as the railways have also come to play a lesser role in the economy. The GTR was absorbed into the Canadian National Railways (CNR) and the line to Levis was abandoned in favour of more direct lines from Montreal to Quebec City. In 1989, CNR sold the entire railway line from Montreal to Portland, via Richmond, to a short line operator.
Richmond as it exists today was created on December 29, 1999 following the merger of the "old" town of Richmond on the right bank of the Saint-François and the village of Melbourne, located on the other side.
Origin of the name Richmond
Origin of the name Melbourne
|Historical Census Data - Richmond, Quebec|
(A) adjusted figure due to amalgamation of the village of Melbourne and the town of Richmond on December 29, 1999.
Mother tongue (2011)
|English and French||60||1.7%|
|English and non-official language||5||0.2%|
- Mack Sennett, Hollywood director/pioneer
- Frederick Simpson Coburn, Québécois artist/illustrator/painter
- The reverse side of the 1954-series Canadian $2 bill featured a view of the village of Melbourne.
- Richmond plays host to the second largest St. Patrick's Day Parade in the province of Quebec, behind only Montreal.
- Reference number 53266 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
- Geographic code 42098 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
- "(Code 2442098) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census