Round Church, completed in 1813
|• Total||32.3 sq mi (83.7 km2)|
|• Land||31.8 sq mi (82.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|Elevation||289 ft (88 m)|
|• Density||128.4/sq mi (49.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462186|
Richmond is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The 2000 census lists the population at 4,090. Local students attend Mount Mansfield Union High School, Camel's Hump Middle School, And Richmond Elementary School. Mount Mansfield Union High is in the neighboring town of Jericho. The mascot of MMU is the Cougars, who play the teams of neighboring school such as CVU, etc.
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In 1775, Amos Brownson and John Chamberlain made the first settlement attempt. They abandoned their efforts in the fall of that year, but returned in the spring of 1784, at the close of the Revolutionary War. Richmond was incorporated by the General Assembly on October 27, 1794, then organized in 1795. The Winooski River and Huntington River both offered locations for water mills. Industries began to manufacture wagons, harnesses, tinware, brass, cabinet work and woodenware. By 1859, the population was 1,453.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.3 square miles (83.7 km2), of which 31.8 square miles (82.5 km2) is land and 0.5 square mile (1.3 km2) (1.52%) is water. Richmond is bisected by the Winooski and Huntington Rivers, and is located in the western foothills of the Green Mountains.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,090 people, 1,504 households, and 1,100 families residing in the town. The population density was 128.4 people per square mile (49.6/km2). There were 1,528 housing units at an average density of 48.0 per square mile (18.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.36% White, 0.05% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 1,504 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $57,750, and the median income for a family was $66,875. Males had a median income of $36,161 versus $30,019 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,692. About 3.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Barbara Cochran, Olympic alpine skier and member of the Skiing Cochrans
- George F. Edmunds, US senator
- Louis Greenough, pioneer and inventor
- Joel Furr, internet personality; coined the term spam
- John Phillips, Wisconsin physician and politician
- George Dallas Sherman, first leader of the Burlington Concert Band
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Richmond Historical Society. "Old Round Church". Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- 'Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin at it Annual Meeting,' Volume 51, Wusconsin Historical Society: 1904, Biographical Sketch of John Phillips, pg. 97
- A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; pub. by Austin J. Coolidge, Boston, Massachusetts 1859
- Town of Richmond, Vermont
- Richmond Free Library
- Richmond Historical Society
- Richmond Area Business Association Website