Richmond, Victoria

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Richmond
MelbourneVictoria
Pelaco factory in richmond victoria.jpg
View of the Pelaco factory between two art deco period houses
Richmond is located in Melbourne
Richmond
Richmond
Coordinates 37°49′23″S 144°59′53″E / 37.823°S 144.998°E / -37.823; 144.998Coordinates: 37°49′23″S 144°59′53″E / 37.823°S 144.998°E / -37.823; 144.998
Population 26,121 (2011)[citation needed]
 • Density 6,870/km2 (17,800/sq mi)
Established 19th century
Postcode(s) 3121
Area 3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Location 3 km (2 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Yarra
State electorate(s) Richmond
Federal Division(s) Melbourne
Suburbs around Richmond:
Collingwood Abbotsford Kew
East Melbourne Richmond Hawthorn
Cremorne South Yarra Burnley

Richmond is a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District in the local government area of the City of Yarra municipality.[1] The 2011 Census listed Richmond's population as 26,121.[2]

Three of the 82 designated major activity centres identified in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy are located in Richmond—the commercial strips of Victoria Street, Bridge Road and Swan Street.

The diverse suburb has been the subject of gentrification since the early 1990s and now contains an eclectic mix of expensively converted warehouse residences, public housing high-rise flats and terrace houses from the Victorian-era. The residential segment of the suburb exists among a lively retail sector and a shrinking industrial and manufacturing base.[citation needed] Richmond was home to the Nine Network studios, under the callsign of GTV-9, until the studios moved to Docklands in 2011.[3] Dimmeys is long associated with Richmond, although it is located in the neighbouring suburb of Cremorne. The suburb is well known for its textile industry history[citation needed] and popular factory outlets, centred along Bridge Road and remain an attraction to the area.

Richmond is well known for its vibrant and popular Little Saigon area along Victoria Street; however, the area is also recognised for the illicit drug dealing (especially heroin) that occurs in both street-based and domestic contexts.[4]

Richmond was named after Richmond Hill, London, with its outlook of the river bend (Yarra), however the waterfront area was later named Cremorne.[citation needed]

Richmond is home to the four houses used on the 2011 edition of The Block, that aired on Channel 9.[citation needed]

Landmarks and built environment[edit]

Swan Street scene in 1889
Bridge Road in 1908 looking West towards Melbourne

Commercial and government[edit]

Victoria Gardens, cnr Burnley and Victoria Street

Victoria Gardens Shopping Centre is a large modern complex built in 2001 to service the inner eastern suburbs. The Loyal Studley Hotel was built in 1891 and is now used as a homewares shop. Richmond Power Station was built in 1891. The Burnley Theatre is now a commercial homewares shop, but contains some elements of the original interiors, including the foyer and stage. 450 Swan Street, completed in 1995, combines an old bank and modern building in outstanding example of deconstructivist architecture, by Ashton Raggart McDougall. Richmond Town Hall is a landmark building currently operated by the City of Yarra, which was built in the 1880s and redecorated during the interwar years. Hotels include The Mountain View Hotel, Corner Hotel, Great Britain Hotel, The Rising Sun and The Swan (1890) and many others known for their live music.

Housing[edit]

Abinger Street looking west shows a diversity of housing styles including cottages, terraced housing and flats including the Malthouse – industrial silos converted into contemporary apartments

With a large number of small homes in its narrow streets, Richmond has some of Melbourne's best examples of residential architecture from most periods.

Notable examples include The Malthouse, a landmark conversion of silos into apartments by award winning architect Nonda Katsalidis.

The bluestone terrace homes at 13 & 15 James Street, built in 1857 in the rustic Gothic style for Eneas Mackenzie, a civil servant, are classified by the National Trust and are among the oldest homes remaining in Melbourne.

Lalor House on Church Street, named after and former home of Eureka Stockade upriser Peter Lalor, is a rich boom-style landmark.

Industry[edit]

From the mid-19th century, Richmond was a centre of manufacturing industry, including many large complexes such as the Bryant & May match factory, Jaques Limited engineering works, the Wertheim Piano factory and Pelaco.[5]

Public space[edit]

Richmond does have some parks and gardens and reserves, however, they are notably absent in the main centre of the suburb. The largest park is Citizens Park (Richmond Oval), bordering on Church and Highett Streets. Other notable spaces include Barkly Gardens and the Allen Bain Reserve, as well as a number of smaller parks and reserves.

Other large parks are located in nearby suburbs, including Yarra Park and Melbourne Park in East Melbourne (Jolimont), the Golden Square Bicentennial Park, Burnley Park and oval, the Burnley Golf Course (survey paddock) and a number of sport reserves and ovals in neighbouring Burnley. Pridmore Park, Yarra Bank Reserve, Creswick Street Reserve and St James Park are in Hawthorn, Dickinsons Reserve, Yarra Bend Park, Studley Park Golf Course and Studley Park are in Kew.

Religion[edit]

St Ignatius' Church on Church Street

Many religious groups exist in Richmond. The local large Catholic community is served by St Ignatius' Church on Church Street and St James Parish. Anglicans also have a presence in Richmond, served by St Stephens, next door to St Ignatius' Church. A Uniting Church also serves its members with a Fijian presence, located on Church Street.

Due to a large amount of Greek Immigration in Australia there is a Greek Orthodox Church, located on Burnley Street, which is open for mass every Sunday and brings together Richmond's Greek Community.

There is also a large Assemblies of God Church, Richmond AOG, in Griffiths Street.

Sport[edit]

Punt Road Oval home of the Richmond Tigers

Richmond is home to the Richmond Football Club, an Australian rules football club, which is a member of the Australian Football League. Richmond is one of the most successful football teams in Australia, having won 10 premierships in the VFL/AFL. The club has a cult following not only in Richmond, but throughout the eastern suburbs of Melbourne.

The Tigers play home games at the MCG, which is just outside the suburb's border, and regularly attract crowds in excess of 40,000, however, can draw as large as 80,000 against fierce rivals. The team trains and runs their administration from their spiritual home ground, Punt Road Oval (adjacent to the MCG). Although the club have not played home games at the Punt Road Oval since the end of the 1964 season, the Richmond Football Club have rebuilt a new Social Club and training facility at the Punt Road Oval. The club have played their home games at the neighbouring Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) since 1965.

Richmond is also the home to Richmond SC, an football (soccer) club, which currently play in the Victorian Premier League. They play their home matches at Kevin Bartlett Reserve in Burnley. The ground is named after Richmond Australian Rules footballer Kevin Bartlett, who was the first VFL player to play 400 senior games.

Schools[edit]

Transport[edit]

Richmond has an established transport system involving arterial roads, five train stations, seven tram routes, a bus route and a series of bicycle trails, including the Capital City Trail and the Yarra River Trail.

Richmond is served by tram numbers 24 and 109, on Victoria Street, tram numbers 78 and 79 on Church Street, tram numbers 48 and 75 on Bridge Road and tram number 70 on Swan Street.

The main train station in Richmond is Richmond railway station. It is an interchange for all metropolitan passenger trains to the eastern and south-eastern suburbs. Railway lines that travel through Richmond Station include the Pakenham, Cranbourne, Frankston, Lilydale, Belgrave, Glen Waverley, Sandringham and Alamein lines.

Other train stations in Richmond include Burnley, East Richmond, North Richmond and West Richmond.

Health[edit]

Epworth Hospital

Epworth Hospital (private) is a major surgical hospital. It has a major campus in Richmond fronting both Bridge Road and Erin Street.

The Melbourne Clinic (private) is a major psychiatric facility in Church Street.

Richmond in popular culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Council (2012). "About Yarra". Yarra City Council. Yarra City Council. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Richmond". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Sarah Murray (1 February 2011). "Docklands is the media hub". Docklands News. Shane Scanlan. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Norrie Ross (21 March 2012). "Shot fired in busy Richmond street 'during heroin deal gone wrong'". The Herald Sun. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  5. ^ Northern Suburbs Factory Study (Part One: History and analysis)by Gary Vines 1992

External links[edit]