Richmond Heights, Florida

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Richmond Heights, Florida
CDP
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
Coordinates: 25°38′0″N 80°22′21″W / 25.63333°N 80.37250°W / 25.63333; -80.37250Coordinates: 25°38′0″N 80°22′21″W / 25.63333°N 80.37250°W / 25.63333; -80.37250
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Miami-Dade
Area
 • Total 1.7 sq mi (4.3 km2)
 • Land 1.7 sq mi (4.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 8,479
 • Density 4,987.6/sq mi (1,971.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33156, 33158, 33176
Area code(s) 305
FIPS code 12-60225[1]
GNIS feature ID 0289685[2]

Richmond Heights is a census-designated place (CDP) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population was 8,479 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Richmond Heights is located at 25°38′0″N 80°22′21″W / 25.63333°N 80.37250°W / 25.63333; -80.37250 (25.633415, -80.372362).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 4,311
1970 6,663 54.6%
1980 8,577 28.7%
1990 8,583 0.1%
2000 8,479 −1.2%
source:[4]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,479 people, 2,653 households, and 2,101 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,124.3 people per square mile (1,984.1/km²). There were 2,771 housing units at an average density of 1,674.7/sq mi (648.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 12.45% White (of which 3.4% were Non-Hispanic White,)[5] 82.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.00% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.47% of the population.

In the Census of 2010, the figures have changed. There were 8,541 people, 2697 households, and 2127 family households residing in the CDP. The "racial" makeup of the CDP was 22.8% and White, 72.1% Black or African American; 2.3% belong to other races and 2.8 identified has belonging to more than one race.[6]

As of 2000, there were 2,653 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 30.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16 and the average family size was 3.55.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,191, and the median income for a family was $44,095. Males had a median income of $31,286 versus $27,882 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,824. About 14.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, speakers of English as a first language accounted for 87.29% of residents, while Spanish as a mother tongue made up 12.70% of the population.[7]

As of 2000, Richmond Heights had the sixtieth highest percentage of African-American and black residents in the US, with 82.80% of the populace.[8] It had the fifth highest percentage of Bahamian residents in the US, at 1.30% of the population,[9] and the ninety-seventh highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 2.54% of its population (tied with Malone, FL.)[10] It also had the fortieth most Nicaraguans in the US, at 1.04% of all residents (tied with South Miami and Lake Butler, FL.)[11]

History[edit]

At the beginning of World War II, the United States Navy purchased 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) of land in southwestern Dade (now called Miami-Dade) County, Florida for the purpose of constructing an airship base. The land was owned by the Richmond Timber Company, a major supplier of Dade County Pine (a denser, harder, sub-species of Pinus Palustris, or Long Leaf Pine). The base was named Naval Air Station Richmond, after the lumber company and was home to the 25 ships of ZP-21(Patrol, Airship Squadron 21 and Airship Wing 2). NAS RICHMOND was the second largest airship base in the United States, NAS LAKEHURST being the largest. NAS RICHMOND was destroyed by a hurricane and fire in September 1945.

After the end of World War II, Captain Frank C. Martin, a white Pan American pilot, purchased farm land adjacent to the base in rural southwest Dade County. With this purchase he created Richmond Heights, as a new community for returning African American Veterans. Martin who served with black soldiers in World War II, had gained great admiration and respect for their fighting spirit and ability to overcome many obstacles created by both war and racial prejudice.

Prior to the 1960s civil rights movement, decent affordable housing for African Americans professionals in South Florida was difficult to find. Martin soon formed Richmond Development Inc., and sought the help of a local advisory committee of African Americans to build his community. The committee included, Canon Theodore Gibson, Rector of Christ Episcopal Church in Coconut Grove, who was to become the leader of Miami's Civil Rights Movement, David A. Douglas, manager of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company and others such as Rev. Graham, Attorney G.E. Graves and Mr. William Perry.

Richmond Heights became the standard for developers, nationwide, to provide quality homes for African American’s without skimping on land, materials, and labor. As for Martin he made his home available to residents for weekend social activities, where the subject often turned to his dream of building a community theater and expanding the community across 152nd street where lakes would be dug. Martin donated land for parks, two churches (Bethel Baptist & Martin Memorial A.M.E) and the elementary school, which today bears his name.

Interestingly, of the original 3,000 acres (12 km2) he purchased in 1949, the Federal Government used eight hundred (800) acres to build the headquarters of Naval Air Station Richmond, a blimp base hastily constructed in the early months of World War II Richmond, and was eventually home to 25 K-series blimps, three hangars, and 3,000 men. The hangars were 16 stories tall, built of Douglas fir brought in by train. The blimps protected ship convoys in the Florida Straits, and [Richmond] was the headquarters for the fight against Nazi U-boats operating in the Caribbean.

By May 1951, Martin's Richmond Heights reached 457 homes. Unfortunately, he did not live to see his dream community when, on a trip near Lake Placid in Central Florida, Martin was killed in a collision with a truck.

Shocked at the loss of the 42-year-old community leader, construction stalled until 1952, when Hialeah builder, E.J. Pollock, a good friend and believer in Martin's plan, purchased the remaining acreage and began building. Today Richmond Heights is home to an average of 9,000 residents. Second, third, fourth and fifth generation descendants of the original community pioneers are ensuring the legacy of the historic neighborhood by continuing to move forward with a respect for heritage and an eye on the future.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  5. ^ "Demographics of Richmond Heights, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  6. ^ "Richmond Heights CDP, FL". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-02-06. 
  7. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of Richmond Heights, FL". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  8. ^ "Ancestry Map of African-American Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  9. ^ "Ancestry Map of Bahamian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  10. ^ "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  11. ^ "Ancestry Map of Nicaraguan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-08.