Richmond River Light

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Richmond River Light
Richmond River Lighthouse.jpg
Richmond River Light, 2006
Richmond River Light is located in New South Wales
Richmond River Light
Location Ballina, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates 28°52′1.31″S 153°35′30.49″E / 28.8670306°S 153.5918028°E / -28.8670306; 153.5918028Coordinates: 28°52′1.31″S 153°35′30.49″E / 28.8670306°S 153.5918028°E / -28.8670306; 153.5918028
Year first constructed 1866
Year first lit 1880[1]
Automated 1920[2]
Construction stone[3]
Tower shape round, lantern, gallery
Markings / pattern white
Height 25 feet (7.6 m)[4]
Focal height 115 feet (35 m)
Original lens 4th order catadioptric
Current lens 2nd order Chance Brothers Fresnel lens[5]
Intensity 28,000 cd
Range 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi)[6]
Characteristic Fl.(4)W. 16s
Admiralty number K2834
NGA number 111-5888
ARLHS number AUS-142

Richmond River Light, also known as Ballina Head Light and Ballina Light, is an active lighthouse located at Ballina Head, a headland in Ballina, New South Wales, Australia. The headland is at the northern side of the entrance to the Richmond River. It used to serve to guide ships into the river port and is used also serves as a leading light into the river, together with a steamer's masthead lantern with a 200 mm lens which is raised on a wooden structure 30 metres (98 ft) from it.[7]

History[edit]

A historic view of Richmond River Light.

The station was established with a temporary light that was installed in 1866 from plans by James Barnet, at the same time of the installation of the Clarence River Light.[8][7]

The current lighthouse is one of five lighthouses of similar design designed and built by James Barnet in 1878-80, the other four being Fingal Head Light, Clarence River Light (now demolished), Tacking Point Lighthouse and Crowdy Head Light. A tender was called in 1878, it was built in 1879 and lit in 1880.[8]

The apparatus was a fixed light 4th order catadioptric apparatus of less than 1000 cd and was visible for 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi).[9] It was powered by colza oil.[8] As the light was operated in conjunction with a nearby pilot station, only one light keeper was required.[7]

Demolition of the porch and annexe, November 1940

In 1920 the light was converted to acetylene gas and automated. [8] In November 1940, the annexe and the porch connected to the lighthouse were demolished.[10]

The light was electrified in the 1960s. The current light source is a 28,000 cd, 1,000 Watt 120 Volt tungsten-halogen lamp, and the power source is the Mains with a Battery standby.[8] It shows a light characteristic of four white flashes every 16 s (Fl.(4)W. 16s)[11]

Structure[edit]

The lighthouse in 1930

The tower is very similar in design to the other four lighthouses.[7] It is circular, 6 feet (1.8 m) in diameter (internally), with walls tapering from 19 inches (480 mm) at the bottom to 14 inches (360 mm) at the top.[7] The tower is constructed of stone,[3] and cement rendered, and painted white.[7] On top of the tower there is an oversailing bluestone platform, supported at by twelve bluestone corbels, at about 12 feet (3.7 m) above the ground. The platform can be reached by an iron stair inside the tower. Around the perimeter of the platform is a metal handrail. The platform is topped by the simple metal dome which houses the optical apparatus.[7]

Originally the lighthouse had a porch, rectangular annexe for the duty room and oil store. These were all demolished in November 1940.[10] A one story keeper's house is still present at the premises.[12]

Site operation[edit]

The light is currently operated by Roads and Maritime Services (formerly NSW Maritime)[13] and the site is managed by the New South Wales Department of Lands.[12]

Visiting[edit]

The site is open to the public and accessible, but the tower is closed.[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to all sources. Though NSW Maritime says 1879 in one column, it says 1880 in the text.
  2. ^ According to Lighthouses of Australia Inc. RNE208 says 1926.
  3. ^ a b According to Rowlett and "Masonry" in Lighthouses of Australia Inc. RNE208 says "brick tower", perhaps referring to "stone bricks", the form, rather than the material.
  4. ^ According to most sources. A table at Searle lists 64 feet (20 m), most likely a mistake as the text lists 25 ft. NSW Maritime says 7m.
  5. ^ According to Rowlett and the body text of Lighthouses of Australia Inc. A table on Lighthouses of Australia Inc states a 4th order lens, maybe referring to the original lens.
  6. ^ According to the List of Lights. According to Lighthouses of Australia Inc and NSW Maritime it is 17 nm.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g RNE208.
  8. ^ a b c d e Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  9. ^ According to Lighthouses of Australia Inc. RNE208 says 19 km.
  10. ^ a b Though RNE208 says the demolition occurred when the light was converted to electricity, which Lighthouses of Australia Inc puts in the 1960s, Demolition has a picture of the demolition itself, taking place in November 1940
  11. ^ List of Lights
  12. ^ a b c Rowlett.
  13. ^ According to NSW Maritime, though Rowlett says New South Wales Maritime Authority.

References[edit]