Richmond station (London)
Entrance to Kew Road
Location of Richmond in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Richmond upon Thames|
|Managed by||South West Trains|
|Number of platforms||7|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|- interchange||1.082 million|
|- interchange||1.172 million|
|1846||Opened as Terminus (R&WER)|
|1848||Station moved (WS&SWR)|
|1869||Opened (L&SWR via Hammersmith)|
|1870||Started and Ended (GWR)|
|1877||Started (MR and MDR)|
|1916||Ended (L&SWR via Hammersmith)|
|1937||Stations merged (SR)|
|Lists of stations|
Richmond station (London) is a National Rail, London Overground and London Underground station, managed by South West Trains, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London. It is on the National Rail Waterloo to Reading Line on which South West Trains services run, and is the western terminus for services of London Overground on the National Rail North London Line and of London Underground District Line trains. The next station to the northeast on the terminating lines is Kew Gardens. On the through line Richmond is between North Sheen and St. Margarets stations.
The Richmond and West End Railway (R&WER) opened the first station at Richmond on 27 July 1846 as the terminus of its line from Clapham Junction  on a site, which later became a goods yard, to the south of the present through platforms and where a multi-storey car park now stands. The Windsor, Staines and South Western Railway (WS&SWR) extended the line westward resiting the station to the west side of The Quadrant, on the extended tracks slightly west of the present through platforms. Both the R&WER and WS&SWR were subsidiary companies of the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).
On 1 January 1869 the L&SWR opened a line to Richmond from north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia) station) on the West London Joint Railway. This line ran through Hammersmith (Grove Road) station, since closed, and Turnham Green and had connection with the North & South Western Junction Railway (N&SWJR) near Gunnersbury. Most of this line is now part of the London Underground District line; the line south from Gunnersbury was also served by the North London Railway (NLR) and is now used also by London Overground. Before this line was built services north from Richmond ran somewhat circuitously via chords at Kew Bridge and Barnes.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) briefly (1 June to 31 October 1870)  ran a service from Paddington to Richmond via the Hammersmith & City Railway (now the Hammersmith & City Line) tracks to Grove Road then over the L&SWR tracks through Turnham Green.
On 1 June 1877 the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR), later known as the District Railway, linked its then terminus at Hammersmith to the nearby L&SWR tracks east of the present Ravenscourt Park station. The MDR began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond. On 1 October 1877, the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) restarted the former GWR service to Richmond via Grove Road station.
The MDR route from Richmond to central London via Hammersmith was more direct than those of the NLR via Willesden Junction, of the L&SWR and the MR via Grove Road station and of the L&SWR via Clapham Junction to Waterloo. From 1 January 1894, the GWR began sharing the MR Richmond service, resulting in Gunnersbury having the services of five operators.
After electrifying its tracks north of Acton Town in 1903, the MDR funded the electrification, completed on 1 August 1905, from Gunnersbury to Richmond. The MDR ran electric trains on the branch while the L&SWR, NLR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam hauled.
MR services ceased on 31 December 1906 and those of the GWR on 31 December 1910 leaving operations northwards through Kew Gardens and Gunnersbury to the MDR (by then known as the District Railway), the NLR and L&SWR. On 3 June 1916 the L&SWR withdrew its service from Richmond to Addison Road through Hammersmith due to competition from the District line, leaving the District as the sole operator over that route and the NLR providing mainline services via Willesden Junction.
Under the grouping of 1923 the L&SWR became part of the Southern Railway (SR) and the NLR became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS); both were subsequently nationalised into British Railways. On 1 August 1937 the SR opened its rebuilt station with the station building and the through platforms moved east to be next to the terminal platforms. At around the same time the SR moved the goods yard from the site of the original terminus to a new location north-east of the station.
A Crossrail branch to Kingston upon Thames via Richmond was proposed in 2003, but was dropped in 2004 due to a combination of local opposition, uncertainty over the route, cost, and insufficient return on investment. It could have run either overland or via a tunnel to Turnham Green and on the existing track through Gunnersbury to Richmond, which would have lost the District Line service, and thence to Kingston.
The station has seven platforms:
- Platforms 1 and 2 are through platforms for South West Trains services.
- Platforms 3 to 7 are terminating platforms used by:
- London Overground services (normally platforms 3 and 4 but sometimes 5, 6 and 7)
- District line services (normally platforms 5, 6 and 7. Occasionally 4 but never 3 due to lack of a fourth rail).
As of September 2011 work is currently underway to extend platforms 1 and 2 to accept 10-car trains. The bulk of the lengthening will be to the west (country) end; extending eastwards was deemed unviable by Network Rail as Church Road Bridge would have needed widening. As part of these works the platform canopies are also being refurbished.
The wide gap between platforms 3 and 4 originally had a third, run-around, track for steam locomotives.
Off peak service 
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:
- 8 direct to Waterloo (South West Trains)
- 8 direct from Waterloo (South West Trains)
- 4 to Stratford (London Overground)
- 6 to Upminster via Tower Hill (District Line)
The Heathrow Airtrack proposal of the October 2008 consultation, would have two more fast trains per hour to Waterloo and two trains per hour to Heathrow Terminal 5 station from 2014. Although vociferous objection arises about possible level-crossing congestion on the Chertsey line, the effect of 20 trains per hour through the four crossings between Richmond and Barnes, where even now five trains may pass at one closure, is muted
London London Buses serving nearby are:
|Ealing Broadway||London United|
|337||Clapham Junction||Richmond||Go-Ahead London|
|391||Sands End||Richmond||London United|
|490||Heathrow Airport Terminal 5||Richmond||Abellio London|
|R68||Kew||Hampton Court||Abellio London|
|N22||Piccadilly Circus||Fulwell||Go-Ahead London|
There is a taxi rank at the station entrance.
- "Step free Tube Guide". Transport for London. December 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- "London and South East". Rail Map for People with Reduced Mobility. National Rail. September 2006. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2011". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2011. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Clive's Underground Line Guides - Hammersmith & City Line
- Clive's Underground Line Guides - Hammersmith & City Line
- Clive's Underground Line Guides - District Line
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Richmond railway station|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|Terminus||North London Line||
|North Sheen||South West Trains
Hounslow/Kingston loop line
|Putney||South West Trains
Waterloo - Windsor
|Clapham Junction||South West Trains
Waterloo - Reading