Richmond station (London)

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Richmond
National Rail London Overground London Underground
Richmond Station, Richmond, Surrey.jpg
Entrance to Kew Road
Richmond is located in Greater London
Richmond
Richmond
Location of Richmond in Greater London
Location Richmond
Local authority London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Managed by South West Trains
Owner Network Rail
Station code RMD
Number of platforms 7
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access [1][2]
Fare zone 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2009 Increase 13.601 million[3]
2010 Decrease 13.15 million[4]
2011 Increase 15.47 million[5]
2012 Increase 17.56 million[5]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2008–09 Decrease 6.628 million[6]
2009–10 Increase 6.661 million[6]
2010–11 Increase 7.604 million[6]
2011-12 Increase 8.402 million[6]
2012-13 Increase 9.093 million[6]
Key dates
1846 Opened as Terminus (R&WER)
1848 Station moved (WS&SWR)
1869 Opened (L&SWR via Hammersmith)
1869 Started (NLR)
1870 Started and Ended (GWR)
1877 Started (MR and MDR)
1894 Started (GWR)
1906 Ended (MR)
1910 Ended (GWR)
1916 Ended (L&SWR via Hammersmith)
1937 Stations merged (SR)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°27′47″N 0°18′00″W / 51.463°N 0.300°W / 51.463; -0.300

Richmond station (London) is a National Rail and London Underground station, managed by South West Trains, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London. South West Trains services on the Waterloo to Reading Line are routed through Richmond, which is between North Sheen and St. Margarets stations. Richmond is also a terminus of one of the branches of London Underground's District line and for the London Overground's North London Line; the next station on both these lines, to the northeast, is Kew Gardens.

Architecture[edit]

The station building, in Portland stone[7]and dating from 1937, is in Art Deco style and its facade includes a square clock.[8] The area in front of the station main entrance was pedestrianised in 2013.[9]

History[edit]

The Richmond and West End Railway (R&WER) opened the first station at Richmond on 27 July 1846[10] as the terminus of its line from Clapham Junction [11] on a site, which later became a goods yard, to the south of the present through platforms and where a multi-storey car park now stands. The Windsor, Staines and South Western Railway (WS&SWR) extended the line westward resiting the station to the west side of The Quadrant, on the extended tracks slightly west of the present through platforms. Both the R&WER and WS&SWR were subsidiary companies of the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).

On 1 January 1869[12] the L&SWR opened a line to Richmond from north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia) station) on the West London Joint Railway. This line ran through Hammersmith (Grove Road) station, since closed, and Turnham Green and had connection with the North & South Western Junction Railway (N&SWJR) near Gunnersbury. Most of this line is now part of the London Underground District line; the line south from Gunnersbury was also served by the North London Railway (NLR) and is now used also by London Overground. Before this line was built services north from Richmond ran somewhat circuitously via chords at Kew Bridge and Barnes.

The Great Western Railway (GWR) briefly (1 June to 31 October 1870) [10] ran a service from Paddington to Richmond via the Hammersmith & City Railway (now the Hammersmith & City line) tracks to Grove Road then over the L&SWR tracks through Turnham Green.

On 1 June 1877 the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR), later known as the District Railway, linked its then terminus at Hammersmith to the nearby L&SWR tracks east of the present Ravenscourt Park station. The MDR began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond.[12] On 1 October 1877,[10] the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) restarted the former GWR service to Richmond via Grove Road station.

The MDR route from Richmond to central London via Hammersmith was more direct than those of the NLR via Willesden Junction, of the L&SWR and the MR via Grove Road station and of the L&SWR via Clapham Junction to Waterloo. From 1 January 1894,[10] the GWR began sharing the MR Richmond service, resulting in Gunnersbury having the services of five operators.

After electrifying its tracks north of Acton Town in 1903, the MDR funded the electrification, completed on 1 August 1905, from Gunnersbury to Richmond.[12] The MDR ran electric trains on the branch while the L&SWR, NLR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam hauled.

MR services ceased on 31 December 1906 and those of the GWR on 31 December 1910[10] leaving operations northwards through Kew Gardens and Gunnersbury to the MDR (by then known as the District Railway), the NLR and L&SWR. On 3 June 1916 the L&SWR withdrew its service from Richmond to Addison Road through Hammersmith due to competition from the District line,[10] leaving the District as the sole operator over that route and the NLR providing mainline services via Willesden Junction.

Under the grouping of 1923 the L&SWR became part of the Southern Railway (SR) and the NLR became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS); both were subsequently nationalised into British Railways. On 1 August 1937 the SR opened its rebuilt station with the station building and the through platforms moved east to be next to the terminal platforms. At around the same time the SR moved the goods yard from the site of the original terminus to a new location north-east of the station.

Crossrail[edit]

A Crossrail branch to Kingston upon Thames via Richmond was proposed in 2003, but was dropped in 2004 due to a combination of local opposition, uncertainty over the route, cost, and insufficient return on investment. It could have run either overland or via a tunnel to Turnham Green and on the existing track through Gunnersbury to Richmond, which would have lost the District line service, and thence to Kingston.

Platforms[edit]

Train at the station

The station has seven platforms:

  • Platforms 1 and 2 are through platforms for South West Trains services.
  • Platforms 3 to 7 are terminating platforms used by:
    • London Overground services (normally platforms 3 and 4 but sometimes 5, 6 and 7)
    • District line services (normally platforms 5, 6 and 7. Occasionally 4 but never 3 due to lack of a fourth rail).

As of September 2011 work is currently underway to extend platforms 1 and 2 to accept 10-car trains.[13] The bulk of the lengthening will be to the west (country) end; extending eastwards was deemed unviable by Network Rail as Church Road Bridge would have needed widening.[14] As part of these works the platform canopies are also being refurbished.

The wide gap between platforms 3 and 4 originally had a third, run-around, track for steam locomotives.

Off peak service[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:

The Heathrow Airtrack proposal of the October 2008 consultation,[15] would have two more fast trains per hour to Waterloo and two trains per hour to Heathrow Terminal 5 station from 2014. Although vociferous objection arises about possible level-crossing congestion on the Chertsey line, the effect of 20 trains per hour through the four crossings between Richmond and Barnes, where even now five trains may pass at one closure, is muted.

Transport links[edit]

Richmond station sign

London Buses serving nearby are:

Route Start End Operator
33 Fulwell Hammersmith London United
65 Kingston
Chessington (Nights)
Ealing Broadway London United
190 West Brompton Richmond Metroline
337 Clapham Junction Richmond Go-Ahead London
371 Kingston Richmond London United
391 Sands End Richmond London United
419 Hammersmith Richmond London United
490 Heathrow Airport Terminal 5 Richmond Abellio London
493 Tooting Richmond Go-Ahead London
969 Whitton Roehampton Vale Abellio London
H22 Hounslow Richmond London United
H37 Hounslow Richmond London United
R68 Kew Hampton Court Abellio London
R70 Hampton Richmond Abellio London
N22 Piccadilly Circus Fulwell Go-Ahead London

There is a taxi rank at the station entrance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. 
  2. ^ "London and South East" (pdf). National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  7. ^ Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 521. ISBN 0 14 0710 47 7. 
  8. ^ "Art Deco Gallery – Stations etc". london-footprints.co.uk. 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "'Jewel in the Crown' of a historic Town centre". Construct. FM Conway. Spring 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Clive's Underground Line Guides – Hammersmith & City Line
  11. ^ Clive's Underground Line Guides – Hammersmith & City Line
  12. ^ a b c Clive's Underground Line Guides – District Line
  13. ^ http://idoxwam.richmond.gov.uk/WAM/doc/Correspondence-943643.pdf?extension=.pdf&id=943643&location=&contentType=application/pdf&pageCount=2&appid=1001
  14. ^ http://idoxwam.richmond.gov.uk/WAM/doc/Correspondence-943641.pdf?extension=.pdf&id=943641&location=&contentType=application/pdf&pageCount=4&appid=1001
  15. ^ http://www.heathrowairport.com/assets/Internet/Heathrow/Heathrow%20downloads/Static%20files/HeathrowAirtrack_Consultation2.pdf

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Terminus District line
towards Upminster
Preceding station   Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
Terminus North London Line
towards Stratford
National Rail National Rail
North Sheen   South West Trains
Hounslow/Kingston loop line
  St Margarets
Putney   South West Trains
Waterloo - Windsor
  Twickenham
Clapham Junction   South West Trains
Waterloo - Reading
  Twickenham