Richthofen is the surname of a prominent German aristocratic family. The most famous member is the air ace Manfred von Richthofen (1892–1918), also known as the "Red Baron", but a number of other members of his family are also notable for various reasons.
Walter von Richthofen
Baron Walter von Richthofen, an uncle of Manfred von Richthofen, emigrated from Silesia to the United States in 1877. He founded the Denver Chamber of Commerce, and was co-founder of Montclair, Denver at that time a village east of Denver but now incorporated into the city. His Richthofen Castle was one of the most sumptuous mansions in the American West. Begun in 1883 and completed in 1887, it was modeled on the original Richthofen Castle in Germany. Located immediately around the Castle are the Baron's mistress's house and his sanitarium/dairy.
WWI flying aces
Frieda and Else
Frieda von Richthofen (1879–1956), who married the English novelist D. H. Lawrence (1885–1930) in July 1914, was a fifth cousin once removed. Though their last common ancestor was born in 1661, the Red Baron's fame nonetheless attached to Frieda's reputation in war time England.
Frieda's sister Else von Richthofen was one of the earliest female social scientists in Germany.
Herbert von Richthofen was an ambassador to Bulgaria between 1938 and 1941.
Other well-known family members include:
- Bolko von Richthofen (1899–1983), German archaeologist (not to be confused with Manfred's younger brother)
- Ferdinand von Richthofen (1833–1905), German traveller, geographer and scientist.
- Hermann von Richthofen (born 1933), German diplomat
- Manfred von Richthofen (general) (1855–1939), German General of the Cavalry during World War I
- Oswald von Richthofen (1847-1906), German diplomat and politician
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