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November 20, 1958 |
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Other names||Adrian Rai|
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||185 lb (84 kg; 13 st 3 lb)|
|Division||Middleweight (185 lb)|
|Rank||8th degree black and red belt in Gracie Jiu-Jitsu
black belt in Judo
|Years active||1980, 1984, 1994 - 2000 (MMA)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
Rickson Gracie (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁiksõ ˈɡɾejsi]; born November 21, 1958) is a Brazilian 8th degree black and red belt in Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and a retired mixed martial artist. He is a member of the Gracie family: the son of Hélio Gracie, brother to Rorion and Relson Gracie, and half-brother to Rolker, Royce, Robin and Royler Gracie.
Rickson Gracie, son of Helio Gracie, was born into Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. At six years old he began competing; at 15 he started to teach it; and at 18 he received his black belt. At 20 Rickson won his first victory against the famous 230-pound Brazilian brawler Rei Zulu. With this victory, Rickson gained immediate national acclaim as the top freestyle fighter, leaving his mark on the history of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and the Gracie challenge. Five years later Zulu requested a rematch and lost to Rickson again, in Maracanazinho before an audience of 20,000 spectators.
In a 1997 Pride 1 Vale Tudo match in Japan's Tokyo Dome (before 47,860 spectators), Gracie defeated Japanese professional wrestler, Nobuhiko Takada, in 4:47 of the first round by armbar. A year later, to the day, at Pride 4, Rickson defeated Takada again by armbar. At Colosseum 2000 event, held at the Tokyo Dome, broadcast to 30 million TV Tokyo viewers, Rickson defeated Masakatsu Funaki with a rear naked choke in 11:46 of the first round.
Gracie has confirmed that he is officially retired now and his major focus is to give seminars on Jiu-Jitsu and to try to develop BJJ as his father saw it: not a fighting tool but a social tool, to give confidence to women, children, and physically weak individuals by giving them the ability to defend themselves.
Rickson Gracie was the subject of the 1999 documentary, Choke, by filmmaker Robert Goodman. The documentary followed Rickson and two other fighters as they prepare and fight in Tokyo's Vale Tudo 1995. Released by Manga Entertainment, the film has been distributed to 23 countries. Rickson has a small role in The Incredible Hulk as Bruce Banner's martial arts instructor. His character is credited as an Aikido instructor, despite his Jiu-Jitsu background. He has appeared on National Geographic's television programme Fight Science.
Rickson has raised the ire of some in the MMA community by criticizing the abilities of current top fighters. Though he had not fought in a sanctioned MMA contest in eight years, Rickson claimed in 2008 that he could still beat them easily. In an interview with Tokyo Sports, Rickson argued that Fedor Emelianenko was a great athlete, but possessed "so-so" technical ability, and that he (Rickson) was "100% sure" that he would defeat him.
In 2010, Rickson stated that he disagreed with those who view Emelianenko as "somehow special" and that he believed Emelianenko deserved to lose the decision in his fight with Ricardo Arona; described Brock Lesnar as having "zero defense from the bottom" in the fight against Carwin; and criticized Shane Carwin for what he perceived were deficiencies in Carwin's jiu-jitsu game, characterizing him as "strong as a bull but flimsy like a paper tiger." Previous critical comments that Rickson made about Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira (claiming that Nogueira has no "guard") prompted Wanderlei Silva to say that Rickson is "living in a fantasy world."
Hélio Gracie disputed Rickson's claim to have had over 400 fights. According to Hélio, Rickson has only competed in fights that are commonly known and reported: the two against Rei Zulu and those that took place in Japan. Hélio alleged that Rickson uses practice and amateur bouts to obtain a number over 400, and that if he counted his fights like Rickson does, he would have in excess of one million. 
Personal life 
Mixed martial arts record 
|Professional record breakdown|
|11 matches||11 wins||0 losses|
|Win||11–0||Masakatsu Funaki||Technical Submission (rear naked choke)||C2K: Colosseum||May 26, 2000||1||12:49||Japan|
|Win||10–0||Nobuhiko Takada||Submission (armbar)||Pride 4||October 11, 1998||1||9:30||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||9–0||Nobuhiko Takada||Submission (armbar)||Pride 1||October 11, 1997||1||4:47||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||8–0||Yuki Nakai||Submission (rear naked choke)||Vale Tudo Japan 1995||April 20, 1995||1||6:22||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||7–0||Koichiro Kimura||Submission (rear naked choke)||Vale Tudo Japan 1995||April 20, 1995||1||2:07||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||6–0||Yoshihisa Yamamoto||Technical Submission (rear naked choke)||Vale Tudo Japan 1995||April 20, 1995||3||3:49||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||5–0||Bud Smith||Submission (punches)||Vale Tudo Japan 1994||July 29, 1994||1||0:39||Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
|Win||4–0||Dave Levicki||Submission (punches)||Vale Tudo Japan 1994||July 29, 1994||1||2:40||Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
|Win||3–0||Yoshinori Nishi||Submission (rear naked choke)||Vale Tudo Japan 1994||July 29, 1994||1||2:58||Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
|Win||2–0||Rei Zulu||Submission (rear naked choke)||Independent promotion||January 1, 1984||1||9:00||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Win||1–0||Rei Zulu||Submission (rear naked choke)||Independent promotion||April 25, 1980||1||11:55||Brasília, Brazil|
See also 
- Rickson Gracie Jiu Jitsu
- Rickson Gracie's Budo Challenge
- "Official Federation Belt Rankings of Gracie Members Teaching in the U.S.". Gracie USA Jiu-Jitsu. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
- "Gracie Family Tree". International Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Federation Family Tree. Retrieved 2006-04-08..
- "Martial Arts vs. Crash Test Dummies: National Geographic's FIGHT SCIENCE". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- "BAS RUTTEN ON 'FIGHT SCIENCE', KIMBO & IFL". MMA Weekly. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter,May 12, 2008
- "Vanderlei Speaks" (Reprint). Fight Sport. August 2, 2005. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Helio Gracie: Rickson 400-0? I Don't Think So!". TheGarv.com. November 28, 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- 04/23/2001 Issue 153. Epoca. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- Official website
- Rickson Gracie Seminar
- Columbia BJJ (Official Rickson Gracie Representative)
- Axis Jiu-Jitsu Academy (Rickson Gracie Japan Representative) Official website
- Rickson Gracie FAQ
- Professional MMA record for Rickson Gracie from Sherdog
- Rickson Gracie at the Internet Movie Database
- Video footages of Rickson's seminars
- Rare Rickson Gracie Videos