Ricky Williams

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ricky Williams
Ricky Williams3.jpg
Williams with the Dolphins in 2009.
No. 34
Running back
Personal information
Date of birth: (1977-05-21) May 21, 1977 (age 36)
Place of birth: San Diego, California
Height: 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m) Weight: 230 lb (104 kg)
Career information
High school: San Diego (CA) Patrick Henry
College: Texas
NFL Draft: 1999 / Round: 1 / Pick: 5
Debuted in 1999 for the New Orleans Saints
Last played in 2011 for the Baltimore Ravens
Career history
Career highlights and awards

NCAA

NFL

Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards 10,009
Average 4.1
Rushing touchdowns 66
Receptions 342
Receiving yards 2,606
Receiving touchdowns 8
Stats at NFL.com

Errick Lynne "Ricky" Williams, Jr. (born May 21, 1977) is a retired American football running back who played eleven seasons in the National Football League (NFL) and one season in the Canadian Football League (CFL). He played college football for the University of Texas, where he was a two-time All-American and won the Heisman Trophy. He was drafted by the New Orleans Saints fifth overall in the 1999 NFL Draft and spent three seasons with the team before he was traded to the Miami Dolphins in 2002. He played for the Dolphins for three seasons, and retired for the first time from football in 2004. Due to his suspension from the NFL in 2006, he played for the Toronto Argonauts in 2006. He re-joined the Dolphins in 2007 and played with them until 2010, and spent the 2011 season with the Baltimore Ravens. He is now an assistant football coach at the University of the Incarnate Word.

Early life[edit]

Williams was born (with his twin sister Cassandra) in San Diego, California, to 19-year old Sandy Williams and her husband, 18-year old Errick Williams.[1] Growing up middle-class, his parents divorced in 1983 and Williams, at the age of 5, was taking care of his sisters by putting them to bed and even cooking for them.[1] Perhaps due to his broken home and the fact that his father was gone at such an early age, Williams suffered from anger issues that eventually led his mother to send him to counseling.[1] He also struggled academically, despite a test he took as a six-year old which revealed that he had the intelligence of someone twice his age.[1] Williams himself once said, "I was always very bright, but not necessarily a hard worker. I think I was in eighth grade when I became really focused as a student and started getting good grades."[1] By high school Williams was an honor roll student and was named to the San Diego Union-Tribune All-Academic team.[1]

At San Diego's Patrick Henry High School, Williams primarily played baseball and football in addition to running track. Williams also wrestled, notably losing a match to future NCAA champion and three-time Super Bowl champion Stephen Neal.[2]

Entering high school at 5'9" and 155 pounds, Williams added an additional 25 pounds of weight before his junior season.[1] Due to his love of physical contact, Williams played outside linebacker and strong safety in addition to his primary position of running back.[1] During his high school career he rushed for a total of 4,129 yards and 55 touchdowns, and in his senior season he ran for 2,099 yards and 25 touchdowns, totals which earned him the San Diego Union-Tribune's 1994 Player of the Year award.[1] Among his senior year performances were a 200-yard effort in a loss to Helix High School, a 248-yard (on 24 carries) and three-touchdown game in a 26-3 win at Chula Vista, a 215-yard (21 carries) and two-touchdown showing in a 13-3 win against Mira Mesa, a 143-yard (18 carries) and two-touchdown game in a 28-10 victory over Point Loma, and a 129-yard (24 carries) and one-touchdown game against top-ranked Morse which included Williams totaling 47 of the 69 yards Patrick Henry accumulated during the game-winning drive in a 20-17 upset.[1] Two weeks after the win over Morse, Patrick Henry clinched its first Eastern League title in 11 years with a 21-12 win against San Diego High School; Williams appeared to be on his way to a record-setting performance with 115 yards and two touchdowns in the first quarter of the game but suffered a leg injury on the third play of the second quarter. After being helped off the field he re-entered the game and attempted one more carry but had to be carried off the field again, finished for the day.[1] Following two weeks of rest, Williams was able to suit up in the first round of the CIF-San Diego Section Division 1 playoffs against San Dieguito and, playing through pain from the leg injury, post 94 yards on 25 carries in a 15-14 win.[1] In the second round Williams ran for 110 yards in a 21-17 victory over Rancho Buena Vista, propelling Patrick Henry into the championship game at Jack Murphy Stadium for a rematch with Morse.[1] However, in the title game Patrick Henry lost 13-0 and Williams would be held to a season-low 46 yards, with his team amassing just 62 yards of total offense.[1]

College career[edit]

Williams accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Texas, where he played for the Texas Longhorns football team from 1995 to 1998. Williams holds or shares 20 NCAA records, and became the NCAA Division I-A career rushing leader in 1998 with 6,279 yards (broken one year later by University of Wisconsin's Ron Dayne). Williams had a sensational senior season, highlighted by rushing for nine touchdowns and 385 yards in the season's first two games; rushing for 318 yards and six touchdowns against Rice; rushing for 350 yards and five touchdowns against Iowa State; and rushing for 150 yards against Nebraska's Black Shirt defense. He helped beat longtime rival Oklahoma rushing for 166 rushing yards and two scores.

Williams broke the NCAA career rushing record during the annual rivalry game held the day after Thanksgiving (this particular year fell on November 27, 1998) between Texas and Texas A&M. Needing only 11 yards to break Tony Dorsett's 22-year old NCAA Division 1-A all-time rushing record (6,082), Williams approached the line of scrimmage with 1:13 left in the first quarter; taking the handoff, Williams spun through clearing blocks by left tackle Leonard Davis and left guard Roger Roesler. After surging past Texas A&M linebacker Warrick Holdman, Williams took advantage of a lead block by fullback Ricky Brown and then streaked down the left sideline. Williams then powered through a tackle attempt by Texas A&M safety Rich Coady at the A&M 12. He then took advantage of a block by wide receiver Wane McGarrity, barging past cornerback Jason Webster's tackle at the goal line.

The game was briefly stopped while Williams received the game ball and was honored by a group of dignitaries including Dorsett. Williams' record-breaking run gave Texas a 10-0 lead in its eventual 26-24 upset of sixth-ranked Texas A&M. He finished the game racking up 259 yards on a career-high 44 carries. He broke the NCAA Division I-A career rushing touchdowns and career scoring records in 1998 with 73 and 452 respectively (topped one year later by Miami University's Travis Prentice), and rushed for 200 or more yards in twelve different games (an NCAA record he shares with Dayne and USC's Marcus Allen). Williams won the 64th Heisman Trophy, becoming the second Texas Longhorn to win this honor, joining Earl Campbell.

Williams was sometimes known as the "Texas Tornado".[3][4][5]

College statistics[edit]

Source: [1]

  • Note that table includes Williams' performances in bowl games, which prior to 2002 were not included in official NCAA career statistics.
  Rushing Receiving
Season Team GP Att Yds Avg Yds/G Long TD Rec Yds Long TD
1995 Texas 13 178 1,052 5.9 80.9 65 8 16 224 49 1
1996 Texas 13 216 1,320 6.1 101.5 75 13 33 307 46 2
1997 Texas 11 279 1,893 6.8 172.1 87 25 20 150 27 0
1998 Texas 12 391 2,327 6.0 193.9 68 29 29 307 48 1
Total 49 1,064 6,592 6.2 134.5 87 75 98 988 49 4

Minor league baseball[edit]

Williams was drafted in the eighth round of the 1995 MLB June amateur draft out of high school by the Philadelphia Phillies. During his college years, he played four seasons in the Phillies farm system, never playing beyond Class A. An outfielder, Williams played in 170 games and finished his career with a .211 batting average, 4 home runs, and 46 stolen bases.[6] During his third year, he was teammates with Phillies eventual starting shortstop Jimmy Rollins, who declared Williams the fastest man he'd ever seen.[7] Williams was selected in the 1998 Rule 5 draft by the Montreal Expos, who then traded his rights to the Texas Rangers.[8] However, he opted for a full-time NFL career.

Professional career[edit]

Pre-draft[edit]

Pre-draft measurables
Ht Wt 40-yd dash 10-yd split 20-yd split 20-ss 3-cone Vert Broad BP
5 ft 11 in 244 lb 4.56 s 1.61 s 2.62 s 37 in 10 ft 4 in 22 reps
All values from NFL Combine[9]

New Orleans Saints[edit]

Williams was selected as the fifth pick of the 1999 NFL Draft by the New Orleans Saints. Head coach Mike Ditka traded all of the Saints' 1999 draft picks to the Washington Redskins to get Williams, as well as first- and third-round picks the following year. This was the first time one player was the only draft pick of an NFL team. Williams and Ditka posed for the cover of ESPN The Magazine as a bride and a groom with the heading "For Better or for Worse." Master P's (a.k.a. Percy Miller's) organization "No Limit Sports" negotiated his contract, which was largely incentive-laden; he received an $8M-plus signing bonus with salary incentives potentially worth from $11 million to $68 million should he hit all of his incentives, with most of them requiring higher than top-level production to attain.[10] The contract was criticized by legions of people, both sports agents and writers, who realized that Williams' position entitled him to much more in guaranteed money.[11] Williams later fired "No Limit Sports" and made Leigh Steinberg his agent. Ditka was later fired for the team's poor performance.

Williams spent three seasons (1999–2001) with the Saints. He was moderately successful there, with two 1000 yard seasons in 2000 and 2001. In 2000 he rushed for exactly 1000 yards and scored nine total touchdowns in 10 games. He missed the team's last 6 games and the playoffs due to injury on sundays game against the Panthers. The Saints finished the 2000 regular season with a 10-6 record and won the franchise's first ever playoff game against the St. Louis Rams. Williams' most successful statistical season with the team came the next year in 2001, when he rushed for 1245 yards, 8th in the NFL. He also caught 60 passes for 511 yards. It would be his last season with the Saints.

Miami Dolphins[edit]

First stint[edit]

Williams during his first stint with the Dolphins.

Williams was traded to the Miami Dolphins on March 8, 2002 for four draft picks, including two first-round picks. In 2002, his first season with the Dolphins, he was the NFL's leading rusher with 1,853 yards, a First-team All-Pro and a Pro Bowler.

Williams was noted for his dreadlocks hair style, but he shaved them off during a trip to Australia. His shyness made Williams appear somewhat of an odd ball. "Ricky's just a different guy," former Saints receiver Joe Horn explained. "People he wanted to deal with, he did. And people he wanted to have nothing to do with, he didn't. No one could understand that. I don't think guys in the locker room could grasp that he wanted to be to himself - you know, quiet. If you didn't understand him and didn't know what he was about, it always kept people in suspense." Besides keeping to himself, Williams was known for conducting post-game interviews with his helmet on (complete with tinted visor) and avoiding eye contact. Williams was later diagnosed with clinical depression and social anxiety disorder.

Early retirement from football[edit]

Miami Dolphins fans, displeased with Williams' drug-related suspension and subsequent retirement from the NFL in 2004, block out his name on their jerseys.

It was announced on May 14, 2004 that he tested positive for marijuana in December 2003 and faced a $650,000 fine and a four-game suspension for violating the NFL's substance-abuse policy. He previously tested positive for marijuana shortly after he joined the Dolphins, along with former punter Andrew Tomasjewski. Shortly before training camp was to begin in July 2004, Williams publicly disclosed his intent to retire from professional football.

Rumored to have failed a third drug test before announcing his retirement, Williams made his retirement official on August 2, 2004. Williams was ineligible to play for the 2004 season, and studied Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of holistic medicine, at the California College of Ayurveda that autumn in Grass Valley, California. The Dolphins finished the year with a 4-12 record.

Williams maintains that he does not regret the retirement decision. He thinks that it was the "most positive thing" he has ever done in his life, allowing him time to find himself.[12]

Return to football[edit]

Williams at the 2005 Pro Football Hall of Fame Game.

Williams officially returned to the Dolphins on July 24, 2005, paid back a percentage of his signing bonus and completed his four game suspension for a failed drug test. At his return press conference, Williams expressed his apologies for leaving the team two days before the start of training camp, which had contributed to the Dolphins' having their worst season in years, only winning four games in the 2004 season. Williams finished with six touchdowns and a 4.4 yards per carry average on 168 carries and 743 yards during 2005. While he shared time with Ronnie Brown, he did run for 172 yards in week 16, and 108 yards in the 17th week.

On February 20, 2006, the football league announced that Williams had violated the NFL drug policy for the fourth time. His mother reportedly said she did not think it was another marijuana violation, and that he may have been in India when he was supposed to be tested. On April 25, 2006, Williams was suspended for the entire 2006 season. It has been suggested that the substance may have been an herb related to his interest in holistic medicine.[13]

Toronto Argonauts[edit]

With Williams suspended for the entire 2006 NFL season, the CFL's Toronto Argonauts decided to put Williams on the negotiation list for the 2006 season.[14] This guaranteed that the team would become the rightful CFL organization to negotiate with Williams if his NFL contract were to be terminated at any time.[15] The Dolphins allowed Williams to play for the Argonauts on the condition that he would return to them in 2007.[16]

On May 28, 2006 Williams became the highest-paid running back in the CFL when he signed a one-year C$240,000 contract with the Argonauts. He chose to wear the number 27 on his jersey.[17]

The signing drew the ire of former Argonauts quarterback Joe Theismann. On May 30, 2006, Theismann was interviewed by Toronto radio station The Fan 590 whereupon he criticized the Argonauts for signing the suspended Williams. Theismann claimed he was disgraced to be associated with a team that would knowingly sign "an addict" such as Williams. The CFL had no substance-abuse policy currently in place, nor did it prohibit its teams from signing players suspended from other leagues, despite Williams being under contract with the Dolphins for the 2006 season.[18]

The Argonauts' ownership responded to Theismann's criticism, noting that Theismann's son, Joe, pleaded guilty in 2002 to a felony charge of possessing drug paraphernalia. He received a 10-year suspended prison term, was placed on five years of probation and fined. "It's really a delicate subject for him to attack someone if he has that in his own family," Argo co-owner David Cynamon said. "If I was his son and he's calling [Williams] a drug addict and he should quit and he's a loser, I'd be shattered. This thing is really bothersome."[19]

Williams made his official CFL debut on June 17, 2006, in a home game against the Tiger-Cats at the Rogers Centre. In that game, he rushed for 97 yards on 18 carries, with his longest carry for 35 yards in the fourth quarter. Williams caught two passes for 24 yards as the Argonauts defeated the Tiger-Cats by a score of 27-17.

On July 22, 2006, Williams suffered a broken bone in his left arm during a game against the Saskatchewan Roughriders in Regina, Saskatchewan.[20] He underwent surgery on July 23, 2006 to repair the broken bone.[21] Shortly after injuring his arm, Williams suffered yet another injury after a door at the Argonauts' practice facility swung behind him and clipped the running back on his left achilles tendon requiring 16 stitches to close the gash.[22] During his recovery, Williams received hyperbaric oxygen therapy in St. Catharines, Ontario to expedite his return from injury.[23] In all, Williams missed two months of game action because of the injuries, returning on September 23, 2006 against the Calgary Stampeders.

In the 11 games that he played during 2006 CFL regular season, Williams rushed 109 times for 526 yards, scoring two touchdowns, with a long run of 35 yards. He caught 19 passes for 127 yards.[24]

Williams stated his love for Toronto and mentioned the possibility of returning to the Canadian game during his professional career. "I was thinking it wouldn't be bad to come back up here and kind of follow the same steps as Pinner -- play here a couple years and maybe get a chance to coach up here," Williams said. "Because I really like Toronto, I really like this organization ... you can live here, you know? You feel like you have a life. I come to work, I go home, play with my kid, walk to the store. It's really nice. I get to teach. It's wonderful here."[25] In another interview, he expressed further desire to remain in the CFL, "If I came back here, you can put me anywhere," he says. "Up here, I can play offense, defense, special teams. I can do everything. I can block, play tight end, running back, receiver — even play the line. The NFL is so structured — 'You do this.' Here I can do so much."[26]

With the controversy over, the Argonauts signing Williams prompted outgoing CFL commissioner Tom Wright, in his final state of the league address, to introduce a new rule that would come in effect before the start of the 2007 CFL season that would prevent a player under suspension in the NFL from signing with a CFL club. This rule has been informally dubbed "The Ricky Williams Rule."

The new rule, however, was grandfathered so that players who were still playing in the league, such as Argonaut tackle Bernard Williams, who was suspended by the NFL for drug abuse and did not seek reinstatement when the ban ended, could continue playing.[27][28]

Return to Miami[edit]

On May 11, 2007, an anonymous source reported that Williams had failed a drug test again. The source indicated that NFL medical advisors had recommended to the commissioner that Williams not be allowed to apply for reinstatement that September.[29]

Williams adhered to a strict regimen of multiple drug tests per week in 2007 as part of his attempt to be reinstated by the NFL. He practiced yoga, which, he claimed, helped him to stop using marijuana.[30] In October 2007, Roger Goodell granted his request for reinstatement. Williams returned for a Monday Night Football game on November 26, 2007. He rushed 6 times for 15 yards before Lawrence Timmons, a Pittsburgh Steelers linebacker, stepped on his right shoulder, tearing his pectoral muscle. The next day it was reported that he would miss the rest of the season,[31] and on November 28, Williams was placed on injured reserve.

In the 2009 season, Dolphins starting running back Ronnie Brown suffered a season-ending injury and Williams became the starter for the remainder of the season. He reached 1,000 yards rushing in Week 15 and set an NFL record for longest span between 1,000-yard seasons at 6 years. He was 27 the last time he ran over 1000 yards and was 32 in 2009 when he broke the record and sported a respectable 4.7 yards per carry that year while splitting duties.

In the 2010 season Williams carried 159 times for 673 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Dolphins while splitting duties averaging 4.2 yards a carry at the age of 33.[32]

Baltimore Ravens[edit]

Williams signed a two-year, $2.5 million contract with the Baltimore Ravens on August 8, 2011.[33] Williams scored his first touchdown of the season against the Houston Texans on October 16. On January 1, 2012, Williams surpassed the 10,000 career rushing yards mark and became the 26th player in the history of the NFL to do so.[34] On February 7, 2012, Williams informed the Ravens of his retirement from the NFL.[35]

Dolphins franchise records[edit]

  • Most rushing yards (season):1,853 (2002)[36]
  • Most rushing touchdowns in a season: 16 (2002)[36]

Personal life[edit]

Williams has admitted being very shy and was diagnosed with social anxiety disorder, avoidance disorder, and borderline personality disorder,[37] with which he struggled to cope during his football career. Williams was treated with therapy and medication.

Williams was briefly a spokesperson for the drug Paxil as treatment. He worked with the drug company GlaxoSmithKline to educate the public about the disorder.[38] Williams later quit Paxil saying the drug did not agree with his diet.

Williams said that his marijuana use was a type of "psychotherapy," [39] has been a better treatment since it produced fewer side effects than Paxil.[40] In an interview with ESPN, Williams stated, "Marijuana is 10 times better for me than Paxil."

Williams admitted in a 60 Minutes interview that one of the reasons for his retirement was to avoid the humiliation of his marijuana use being made public with his third failed drug test.[41] After his retirement he went to California to get a prescription for medical marijuana. In 2006 he claimed he no longer needs marijuana but does not criticize others' choices on the matter.[42] In April 2007, he reportedly tested positive for marijuana.[29]

Williams is a qualified yoga instructor. He has stated that one of his main reasons for joining the Canadian Football League's Toronto Argonauts was for the opportunity to teach free yoga lessons at a local Toronto yoga facility. It has been reported that Williams uses a Hindu-based pranic healing similar to therapeutic touch to recover from injuries.[43]

The son of a minister, Williams was raised Southern Baptist and attended church twice a week during his childhood. He still self-identifies as a Christian, but his yoga study opened his mind to other religions, and his exact views on religion are difficult to label. He believes religions are cultural, and his beliefs are inclusive of at least some Christian, Buddhist, and Hindu philosophies.[44]

Williams is vegan or at least has a meat-free diet.[45][46][47][48] Tim Graham has reported that Greek yogurt is the only non-vegan food in Williams' diet.[44] PETA has used video of him praising meatless alternatives to popular chicken dishes.[49]

Williams is reportedly the father of six children by three different women.[50] Three of these children are by his longtime girlfriend turned wife, Kristin Barnes,[50] whom he married on September 4, 2009.[51][52][53]

In the media[edit]

  • He is a football analyst on the Longhorn Network for Texas GameDay and Texas GameDay Final.[54]
  • He appeared in an infomercial for Natural Golf alongside Mike Ditka and appeared alongside him in a wedding dress on the cover of ESPN The Magazine.[55]
  • HBO's Inside the NFL had a skit about Williams trying to return to the Dolphins. It featured him trying to raise $8.6 million, avoiding drug tests, and even asking Dan Marino to return with him.
  • His likeness appeared on the cover of the original NFL Street, Williams did not appear in the sequel, NFL Street 2, or NFL Street 3. Both games were released during his suspended seasons (2004 and 2006).
  • He played a cameo role in the feature film Stuck on You
  • He makes an appearance on the third season of the physical reality game show, Pros vs. Joes on SpikeTV
  • He is the subject of an ESPN Films documentary entitled "Run Ricky Run". It is part of ESPN's 30 for 30 documentary series.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Richardson, Steve. Ricky Williams: Dreadlocks to Ditka. Sports Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-1-58261-144-0. 
  2. ^ "Interview with Stephen Neal". Stack: For the Athlete By the Athlete. 1 September 2005. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Richard, Dave (December 9, 2002). "Q & A: Williams makes it look easy". Miami Dolphins. Archived from the original on 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  4. ^ Difalco, Salvatore. "Ricky Williams: Texas Tornado". Toro Magazine. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ricky Williams". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/minors/player.cgi?id=willia001err
  7. ^ Skolnick, Ethan. "Diamond life still sparkles for Dolphins' Williams, Phillies' Rollins". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  8. ^ http://espn.go.com/dallas/mlb/story/_/id/10124529/texas-rangers-take-seattle-seahawks-qb-russell-wilson-draft
  9. ^ "Ricky Williams Draft Profile". NFLDraftScout.com. 
  10. ^ "Williams Agrees To Large Deal", New York Times, May 15, 1999 
  11. ^ Kirwan, Pat (May 19, 1999), "Rookie mistake: Williams contract loaded with difficult to reach incentives", Sports Illustrated 
  12. ^ "Lost and found: Ricky Williams interviewed". Toronto Sun. 2006-05-29. Retrieved 2006-06-01. 
  13. ^ "NFL suspends Ricky Williams for 2006". The Sporting News. 2006-04-25. Archived from the original on 2006-09-19. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  14. ^ "Argonauts looking at Ricky Williams". TSN. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  15. ^ "Ricky Williams interested in joining Argos". TSN. 2006-05-03. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  16. ^ South Florida Sun-Sentinel story, not available online as of November 24, 2006.
  17. ^ "Williams headed to CFL, signs with Argonauts". ESPN. 2006-05-29. Retrieved 2006-05-29. 
  18. ^ :The Fan 590 - Toronto's Sports Radio
  19. ^ "Argos owner blasts Theismann". Associated Press. June 1, 2006. 
  20. ^ "Williams out indefinitely with broken arm". TSN. 2006-07-22. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2006-07-22. 
  21. ^ "Toronto Argonauts Statement - Ricky Williams". Toronto Argonauts press release. 2006-07-24. Retrieved 2006-07-25. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Ricky ready to return for Argos". Rogers Sportsnet. 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  23. ^ "Williams turns to oxygen tank to heal arm". National Post. 2006-08-15. Retrieved 2006-08-15. 
  24. ^ "Ricky Williams (roster info)". CFL.ca Network. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  25. ^ Fitz-Gerald, Sean (2006-08-24). "Williams weighing return to CFL". National Post. Retrieved 2006-08-24. 
  26. ^ Saraceno, Joe (2006-11-06). "Living in the moment, Williams enjoying his time in Canada". USA Today. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  27. ^ "CFL to bar suspended NFL players". CBC Sports. 2006-11-20. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  28. ^ Matsumoto, Rick (2006-11-17). "CFL unveils 'Ricky Williams Rule'". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  29. ^ a b Mortensen, Chris (May 12, 2007). "Docs recommend delay of Williams' NFL reinstatement". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  30. ^ Ostler, Scott (March 1, 2007). "Williams' clear vision: An NFL comeback". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-04-08. 
  31. ^ Associated Press (November 27, 2007). Agent: Injured Williams out for season. ESPN. Accessed November 27, 2007.
  32. ^ http://www.nfl.com/players/rickywilliams/careerstats?id=WIL271115
  33. ^ http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/6844377/ricky-williams-joins-baltimore-ravens-backfield?campaign=rss&source=NFLHeadlines
  34. ^ NFL.,com's segment on Ricky Williams' career
  35. ^ Ricky Williams plans to retire (ESPN, February 7, 2012)
  36. ^ a b http://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/mia/single-season-rushing.htm
  37. ^ ESPN 30 For 30
  38. ^ "Social anxiety disorder: Miami Dolphin Ricky Williams". USA Today. 2002-10-22. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  39. ^ EDPN 30 for 30
  40. ^ Ricky Williams Latest Victim of Marijuana Prohibition at the Wayback Machine (archived January 16, 2006)
  41. ^ "Ricky Williams Returns". 60 Minutes. 2005-09-18. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  42. ^ "Yoga helps Williams find his karma". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. 2006-05-30. Archived from the original on 2006-06-11. Retrieved 2006-05-31. 
  43. ^ Campbell, Janie (2009-11-23). "Ricky Williams is Kookier Than We Thought". MSNBC.com. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  44. ^ a b Graham, Tim. "Ricky Williams on fasting, energy, religion". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  45. ^ Santiago, Jennifer. "Ricky Williams: Taking the Veggie Plunge". PETAWorld. Retrieved 2006-06-09. [dead link]
  46. ^ Scherer, Logan (2009-11-24), Ricky Williams: From NFL Star to Restaurateur, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, archived from the original on 2012-05-01, retrieved 2012-05-01
  47. ^ Jackson, Barry (2009-11-24), Vegan NFL player opens new restaurant, VegSource Interactive, Inc., archived from the original on 2011-06-24, retrieved 2012-05-01
  48. ^ Thewes, Alysson (2011-06-14), The Vegan Health Nut: Breaking the Stereotype, Vegan Mainstream, archived from the original on 2011-06-18, retrieved 2012-05-01
  49. ^ Brbaklić, David (2012-01-27), PETA Fights Super Bowl Chicken Wing Eating Tradition, Branding Magazine, archived from the original on 2012-05-01, retrieved 2012-05-01
  50. ^ a b Hinton, Matt. "Ricky Williams doc aims for '100 percent truth,' whether you wanted to know or not". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  51. ^ Cole, Jason. "Will Ricky Williams get stuck in Canada". MSNBC.com. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  52. ^ Cole, Jason. "Williams’ journey leads to tremendous growth". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  53. ^ "NFL Star Ricky Williams Marries His Long Time Girlfriend Kristin Barnes". Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  54. ^ "Longhorn Legend Ricky Williams and David Greene Join Longhorn Network for Fall 2013". Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  55. ^ "Mike Ditka Joins Natural Golf Team". The Wire. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Rich Gannon (2001)
Pro Bowl MVP
2002
Succeeded by
Marc Bulger (2003)