Ridley, Cheshire

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Coordinates: 53°05′06″N 2°39′54″W / 53.085°N 2.665°W / 53.085; -2.665

Trig point, with the Peckforton Hills in the background

Ridley is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England, which lies to the north east of Malpas and to the west of Nantwich. The parish is largely rural with scattered farms and buildings and no significant settlements. In 2001, the population was a little over 100. Nearby villages include Bulkeley, Bunbury, Faddiley, Peckforton and Spurstow.

Governance[edit]

Ridley is administered jointly with Bulkeley by the Bulkeley & Ridley Parish Council.[1] From 1974 the civil parish was served by Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council, which was succeeded on 1 April 2009 by the new unitary authority of Cheshire East.[2] Ridley falls in the parliamentary constituency of Eddisbury,[3] which has been represented by Stephen O'Brien since a by-election in 1999.

Geography and transport[edit]

Pond on top of the hill in the east of the parish

The River Weaver runs north–south through the west of the civil parish and the River Gowy runs east–west along part of its northern border. Both rivers are close to their sources in the Peckforton Hills, which rise to the north west of Ridley.[4] There is a low hill in the east of the civil parish, with a high point of 127 m at SJ567539, at the north part of Chesterton Wood. A mast and a covered reservoir are located on the top of the hill, and a trig point stands at SJ566542, around 100 metres north of the reservoir, at an elevation of 125 metres. The ground slopes gently downwards towards the Weaver in the west of the civil parish, with a low point of around 90 metres.[4]

The land use is predominantly agricultural, particularly cattle pasture. Several small meres and ponds are scattered across the farmland. There are four small woods – Ridley Wood and Chesterton Wood in the north west of the parish, and The Moss and The Bache in the south east – as well as several smaller areas of unnamed woodland.[4] The A49 and A534 roads run north–south and east–west through the parish, respectively.[4]

Landmarks[edit]

The Ridley Hall gatehouse (SJ5470254759) might have formed part of the "fine Ridley Hall" mentioned in Leland's Itinerary, which would date it at around 1530. It is listed at grade II*. The stone archway is topped with a brick storey under a slate roof, and is now flanked by later brick farm buildings. Above the archway on the south face is a carved stone tablet bearing the escutcheon of the Egerton family, flanked with horn players and animals.[5][6] The grade-II-listed former primary school stands on the south side of the A534 at SJ5419854484. A T-shaped building of rock-faced sandstone incorporating a teacher's house, the school is in Gothic style and dates from 1876.[7][8]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the civil parish had a population of 120.[9] The population has been relatively constant since 1801, with historical population figures of 122 (1801), 133 (1851), 109 (1901) and 138 (1951).[10]

Education[edit]

There are no educational facilities within the civil parish. Ridley falls within the catchment areas of Bickerton Holy Trinity CE Primary School in Bickerton and Bishop Heber High School in Malpas.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheshire East Council: Clerks of Town Councils, Parish Councils and Parish Meetings 2009/2010 (downloaded from [1]; 29 March 2010)
  2. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  3. ^ Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council: Interactive Mapping: Eddisbury (accessed 29 March 2010)
  4. ^ a b c d Cheshire East Council & Cheshire West and Chester Council: Interactive Mapping: Ridley (accessed 30 March 2010)
  5. ^ Images of England: Gatehouse to former Ridley Hall (accessed 30 March 2010)
  6. ^ Listed Buildings Online: Gatehouse to former Ridley Hall (accessed 30 March 2010)
  7. ^ Images of England: Ridley County Primary School (accessed 30 March 2010)
  8. ^ Listed Buildings Online: Ridley County Primary School (accessed 30 March 2010)
  9. ^ Combining Cheshire County Council: Local Statistics: Peckforton - Ridley & Neighbourhood Statistics: Peckforton CP (accessed 17 August 2007)
  10. ^ Genuki: Ridley (accessed 30 March 2010)
  11. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Bickerton Holy Trinity CE Primary School (accessed 25 May 2008)
  12. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Bishop Heber High School (accessed 25 May 2008)