Ried im Innkreis

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Ried
Ried Kapuzinerkirche.jpg
Coat of arms of Ried
Coat of arms
Ried is located in Austria
Ried
Ried
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°12′36″N 13°29′22″E / 48.21000°N 13.48944°E / 48.21000; 13.48944Coordinates: 48°12′36″N 13°29′22″E / 48.21000°N 13.48944°E / 48.21000; 13.48944
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Ried im Innkreis
Government
 • Mayor Albert Ortig (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 6.77 km2 (2.61 sq mi)
Elevation 433 m (1,421 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 11,381
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes A-4910
Area codes +43 7752
Website www.ried.at

Ried im Innkreis is a town in the Austrian state of Upper Austria, approximately 70 km west of Linz and 60 km north of Salzburg. It is the capital of the district of Ried im Innkreis, and it serves as the administrative centre for the Innviertel region.

Geography[edit]

Ried is situated in a hollow of the Alpine foothills, to the north of the Hausruck Forest (Hausruckwald). The name of the city is derived from the Middle High German "Riet" (also: Rieth, Reet, Rohr, and the like), which denotes the reed which grows along the shores of swamps. Ried im Innkreis is 433 m above sea level. It measures 3.2 km from the North to the South and 3.6 km from the East to the West and it is 6.7 km² in area.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 4,428 —    
1880 5,155 +16.4%
1890 5,997 +16.3%
1900 5,997 +0.0%
1910 6,245 +4.1%
1923 6,869 +10.0%
1934 7,204 +4.9%
1939 8,730 +21.2%
1951 10,363 +18.7%
1961 9,741 −6.0%
1971 10,758 +10.4%
1981 10,855 +0.9%
1991 11,260 +3.7%
2001 11,404 +1.3%
2013 11,381 −0.2%

Climate[edit]

Ried im Innkreis
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
59
 
2
−4
 
 
48
 
4
−3
 
 
69
 
9
1
 
 
72
 
13
3
 
 
78
 
19
8
 
 
116
 
21
11
 
 
119
 
24
13
 
 
109
 
24
13
 
 
82
 
19
10
 
 
62
 
13
5
 
 
70
 
6
0
 
 
67
 
3
−3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: ZAMG

Town structure[edit]

Ried consists of a city core, composed of several spatially separated squares (e.g. Hauptplatz, Stelzhamerplatz, Kirchenplatz, Roßmarkt, Marktplatz, and Hoher Markt), as well as a few other quarters. Most of them have a long history of their own. Others were designed as new development areas and then obtained their own name, but often have no distinct boundaries. In particular, these areas belong to the city core:

  • Bad Ried
  • Hopfenberg
  • Kapuzinerberg
  • Kleinried
  • Kreuzbergsiedlung
  • Lughofergründe
  • Riedberg
  • Schloßberg
  • St. Anna
  • Stöcklgras
  • Wegleiten

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

The following municipalities are adjacent to Ried. They are listed in clockwise direction, starting from the South: Neuhofen im Innkreis, Mehrnbach, Aurolzmünster, Tumeltsham and Hohenzell.

History[edit]

Middle ages[edit]

Ried was first mentioned on November 13, 1136, as a castle of the Bavarian sovereign with the seat of the noble house of Ried. Already in 1180, the townsmen of Ried were first mentioned in records, indicating a settlement near the castle.

Legend has it that in 1191, Dietmar der Anhanger - a miller's son - obtained the market town of Ried as a fiefdom from Frederick I. (Barbarossa). Allegedly, Dietmar boosted the morale of the troops during the crusade: When the enemy had overthrown the flag of the army in Iconium, Dietmar took off his boot and put it onto a lance; under that sign, the crusaders took new courage and managed to conquer the city. The peasants' boot of this legend is now part of the city's coat of arms.

The line of the lords of Ried ended around 1200 and the Bavarian dukes took over the area. Ried was situated only one and a half hours by foot from the border at the Geiersberg, and this vicinity proved again and again to be disastrous to the market town of Ried.

In 1266, the Veste Ried was conquered by Ottokar II. Přemysl, and it was again conquered on September 24, 1364, by Rudolf IV. der Stifter and destroyed.

The First Treaty of Ried, negotiated in 1379, halted these border conflicts for the time being. In 1435, Ried obtained its own coat of arms from Duke Henry XVI of Bavaria.

Modern times[edit]

During the Reformation, several reports of ecclesiastic visitations verify the influence of the Reformation. But by 1580, the Counter-Reformation had been completed, which led many to emigrate. During the German Peasants' War, Ried was the asylum and headquarters of the Bavarian war commissioner.

In 1649, a plague epidemic reached the city and took 236 lives.

In the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) and in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1745), the border conflicts between Austria and Bavaria resurfaced. After the War of the Bavarian Succession, the Innviertel - including Ried - was ceded to Austria in the Treaty of Teschen 1779. During the Napoleonic Wars, it was temporarily returned to Bavaria in 1810. Napoleon spent the night in Ried twice and narrowly escaped an assassination attempt on May 2, 1809.

With the Treaty of Ried, Bavaria changed sides on October 8, 1813 and joined the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon. After the Treaty of Munich in 1816, Ried finally became Austrian.

As the largest market town of Austria at that time, Ried was granted its town charter by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria in 1857. The "Gewerbliche Ausstellungsfest" (Commercial Exhibition Festival), held for the first time in 1867, formed the foundation for Ried's later position as a centre for exhibitions and trade fairs.

Contemporary history[edit]

On the 12th of March, 1938 - the day of the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany - units of the German Wehrmacht marched into Ried; Hitler passed through the city on his way to Linz. At the end of World War II on May 3, 1945, American troops marched in and the city became part of the American occupation area in occupied Austria. The American military administration built a camp for members of the German military taken as prisoners of war. Besides the prisoner of war camp, a Displaced persons camp was also built. This camp was led by a member of the UNRRA and had the number 701A.

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

Since the last local elections in 2003, the municipal council has had 37 members, whose term of office is six years. The seats are distributed among the political parties as follows:

Mayor[edit]

Since 1781, Ried has been governed by a mayor and a municipal council. Since 1997, the mayor has been directly elected by the eligible voters for a term of four years, at the same time as the municipal council. The mayor is the chairman of the council. His deputy is the first councillor, the vice-mayor. Since 1994, the mayor of Ried im Innkreis has been Albert Ortig.

Mayors of Ried since 1899

  • 1899-1912: Hans Winter
  • 1912-1919: Friedrich Thurner
  • 1919-1929: Hans Leitgeb
  • 1929-1938: Rudolf Wilflingseder
  • 1938-1945: Rudolf Pospischek
  • 1945: Wilhelm Soukop
  • 1945-1954: Adolf Matulik
  • 1954-1958: Rudolf Wilflingseder
  • 1958-1967: Adolf Matulik
  • 1967-1979: Dr. Franz Fruhstorfer
  • 1979-1991: Dr. Günther Hummer
  • 1991-1994: Dr. Günther Nagele
  • since 1994: Albert Ortig

Coat of arms and flag[edit]

Ried's coat of arms was awarded together with the municipal charter in 1857. The coat of arms is divided into four parts: The upper quarter shows the double eagle and signifies the affiliation to Austria. The lower quarter contains the "Bavarian Wecken" - white-blue rhombuses - and indicates that the town originally belonged to Bavaria.

In the left quarter is the laced boot, which was also on the older coat of arms and refers to the founding legend of the city. The tendrils in the right quarter were also in the original coat of arms and refer to the importance of the city as a centre of brewing.

Twin city[edit]

Since 1974, the Bavarian city of Landshut has been the twin city of Ried.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway

The city of Ried is a crosspoint of the railway lines from Braunau to Wels and Linz, and from Schärding to Attnang-Puchheim. The line from Vienna to Ried via Linz travels at one-hour intervals.

Highways

Via the exits Ried/Tumeltsham and Ried/Haag, the city is connected to the motorway A8. Moreover, Ried is well connected to the federal highway network. There are connections to the East and to the West using the B141 and to the North and to the South via the B143.

Air traffic

The international airport of Linz can be reached within 40 minutes by car.

Buses

There are several "citybus" lines providing public transportation in the city.

Public facilities[edit]

Ried has a tax office, a regional court, and a district court. Furthermore, the district authority is based in the city. Since 1846, Ried has also had a hospital of regional importance.

Educational institutions[edit]

The development to a city of schools started with the construction of the high school in 1872. Today the city has two high schools, the Bundes Oberstufenrealgymnasium in the Dr. Thomas Senn-street and the Bundesgymnasium und Bundesrealgymnasium in the Beethovenstraße, three elementary schools, one alternative school (Bildungswerkstatt Schmetterlingsschule und Privatkindergarten), two public secondary schools, one private secondary school (Franziskanerinnen), and one polytechnic institute.

The district capital is the seat of the school authority of the vocational schools (one for commercial skilled trades and the second for mercantile skilled trades), the Federal Commercial Academy, the Federal Commercial School, the College for Occupation in Service Industries Management, and the Higher Technical School for Engineering.

In Ried, there is also a State Music School and the College for Kindergarten Pedagogics with its training kindergarten.

A gymnastics school (Jahnturnhalle) of the Austrian Gymnastics Association (Österreichische Turnerbunde, ÖTB) is also in Ried.

City of trade fairs[edit]

Since 1867, Ried has periodically held trade fairs of several days' duration. The significance and popularity of these exhibitions is reflected by the number of visitors. One quarter of the visitors come from Bavaria, but there are also many visitors from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

Media[edit]

Weekly journals of Ried are the "Rieder Rundschau", the "Tips Ried-Schärding" ([1]), the (Oberösterreichische Nachrichten, [2]), and the "Rieder Magazin" ([3]). Since 2005 the TV channel "Ried TV" [4] broadcasts local reports via an optical fiber network and via the internet.

Local companies[edit]

In the industrial sector, Ried is home to the world-famous ski factory, Fischer, FACC (Fischer Advanced Composites Components AG), which builds parts for aeroplanes, Team 7 producing organic furniture, and the company Wintersteiger, a specialist in high-technology plant construction and engineering.

Ried also has two breweries, keeping up the long history of beers in the Innviertel. The Kellerbrauerei is the oldest private brewery in Austria and was founded in 1446. The brewery Ried (founded in 1536) produces beer and soft drinks.

Culture[edit]

Schwanthaler family[edit]

The roots of the Schwanthaler family of sculptors are in Ried. In 1632, Hans Schwabenthaler, later Schwanthaler, came to Ried, and the family's factory was there until 1838. His son, Thomas Schwanthaler, made the high altar and the sculpture of the Group on the Mount of Olives in the town church of Ried. Several sculptures of the family are preserved in many churches of Upper Austria and in the Innviertler Volkskundehaus (folklore museum).

Churches and monasteries[edit]

Sports[edit]

SV Ried[edit]

Since the 1990s, Ried's football (soccer) club, SV Ried, has seen continuous success at the national level. The club won the Austrian Cup in 1998 and 2011, as well as being the runner-up in the Austrian football championships, and it is currently playing its tenth season in the Bundesliga, the Austrian premier league.

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]