Riein

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Riein
Former municipality of Switzerland
Riein -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Riein
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
46°44′N 9°13′E / 46.733°N 9.217°E / 46.733; 9.217Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°13′E / 46.733°N 9.217°E / 46.733; 9.217
Population 67 (Dec 2011)
- Density 4 /km2 (11 /sq mi)
Area 15.82 km2 (6.11 sq mi)
Elevation 1,270 m (4,167 ft)
Postal code 7128
SFOS number 3579
Surrounded by Castrisch, Duvin, Pitasch, Safien, Sevgein, Tenna, Valendas
Website
SFSO statistics
Riein is located in Switzerland
Riein
Riein

Riein is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Riein, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Pitasch, Ruschein, Schnaus, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.[1]

History[edit]

Riein is first mentioned in 765 as Renino. In 960 it was mentioned as Raine.[2]

Geography[edit]

Riein in May 2009

Before the merger, Riein had a total area of 15.8 km2 (6.1 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 21.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 37.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (39.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. It is located at the entrance to the Val Lumnezia on a terrace east of the Glenner. It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Riein and the hamlet of Signina, which joined Riein in 1904-05. Signina is separated from Reien by the Val da Riein.

Demographics[edit]

Riein had a population (as of 2011) of 67.[3] As of 2008, 1.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -22.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(63.4%), with German being second most common (35.2%) and Italian being third ( 1.4%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 45.7% male and 54.3% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Riein is; 6 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 7 teenagers or 9.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 5 people or 7.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 9 people or 12.7% are between 30 and 39, 9 people or 12.7% are between 40 and 49, and 13 people or 18.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 8 people or 11.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 11 people or 15.5% are between 70 and 79, there are 2 people or 2.8% who are between 80 and 89 there is 1 person who is between 90 and 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 68.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (23%), the CVP (4.4%) and the SP (3.7%).[3]

In Riein about 50% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Riein has an unemployment rate of 0.54%. As of 2005, there were 15 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 3 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1 business in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1850 218
1930 118
1950 126
1960 104
1970 91
1980 92
1990 89
2000 71

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  2. ^ a b Riein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]