Rif Dimashq Governorate (Arabic: محافظة ريف دمشق Muḥāfaẓat Rīf Dimashq, literally, the "Governorate of the Countryside of Damascus") is one of the 14 governorates of Syria. It is situated in the southwestern part of the country. It borders the governorates of Quneitra, Daraa and al-Suwayda (comprising the historic Hauran region) in the southwest, Homs in the north, Lebanon in the west and Jordan in the south.
The Governorate completely surrounds the city-governorate of Damascus, which is home to the administrative headquarters of Rif Dimashq. It has an area of 18,032 km² and a population of 2,273,074 (2004 census).