This article needs additional citations for . verification (November 2014)
Riffians are a Berber ethnic group who inhabit the Rif in northern Morocco. The mother tongue of the Riffians is called Riffian. Many speak Moroccan Arabic, Spanish or French as second or third languages.
Riff languages [ edit ]
Rif mountain ranges are located in (orange)
Riffian is a
Northern Berber language of the Zenati subgroup, spoken mainly in the Rif region located in North Morocco and in various other cities by about 4 million people. There are also Riffian-speaking immigrants in Europe. The language itself is divided in several dialects, all intelligible to each clans composing the Rifian region. In neighbouring Algeria, it was spoken by Rif clans who have settled in some areas such as Bethioua. The Berber dialect spoken in Tlemcen (Beni Snouss) is often seen as an eastern variety of the language.
Regional distribution [ edit ]
Riffian is spoken mainly in the
Moroccan Rif by about 4 million people, with a few speakers across the border in Algeria and a large minority in the Spanish Autonomous city of Melilla. There are also speakers of Riffian in Morocco outside the Rif, among significant communities in Tangiers, Tetouan, Oujda, Larache and Fes. A substantial Riffian-speaking community exists in the Netherlands as well as to a lesser extent in other European countries. Its own speakers simply call it Thamazight, or Tamazight, a term also often applied in a broader sense to Berber languages in general.
Appearance [ edit ]
Riffians have a relatively high occurrence of light hair, eyes, and skin compared to the
other Berber groups. [2 ]
See also [ edit ]
Traditionally, the principal Riffian tribes of the region are:
Aith Ouriaghel near Ajdir, around Wed Ghis
Gzennaya, around Aknoul, west of the Metalsa.
Iqeriyen, in the region of Nador and Melilla.
Kebdana, along the coast next to Wed Moulouya near the Algerian border.
Metalsa, east of the Bni Bu Yahi.
Beni Said, west of Wed Kert .
Beni Oulichek, southwest of Temsaman.
Tafersit, nort of Aith Touzin
Bni Tuzin, south of Temsaman.
Temsaman, around the town of that name.
Aith Ouriaghel east Ibaqoyen
Bni Ammart, south of Aith Ouriaghel.
Targuist, southeast of Aith Ouriaghel.
Bni Gmil, west of Bni Boufrah.
Bni Boufrah, east of Aith Itteft.
Ibaqoyen, in the west of Aith Ouriaghel.
Bni Itteft, east of Bades.
Mestassa, east of Bni Boufrah.
Mtiwa, between Mestassa and Oued Ouringa.
Aït Bouyahya, on the western bank of the Moulouya.
References [ edit ]