Riga Radio and TV Tower
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|Riga Radio and TV Tower (Riga TV Tower)|
Rīgas radio un televīzijas tornis
|Antenna spire||368.5 m (1,209.0 ft)|
|Design and construction|
The Riga Radio and TV Tower (Latvian: Rīgas radio un televīzijas tornis) in Riga, Latvia is the tallest structure in the Baltic countries and in the European Union. It was built between 1979 and 1986 with funding from the central government of the Soviet Union. Its highest point reaches 368.5 m (1,209 ft), which makes it the third tallest tower in Europe (after the Ostankino Tower at 540 metres (1,772 ft) and the Kiev TV Tower at 385 metres (1,263 ft)) and the 14th tallest tower in the world. There is an observation platform at the height of 97 m, from which most of the city can be seen (and in good weather, the Gulf of Riga, and many of the city surroundings.)
The tower is built on an island called Zaķusala in the middle of the River Daugava, and the base of the tower is located about 7 m above mean sea level. The tower is said to be able to withstand extreme winds up to 44 m/s (98 mph) without any noticeable vibration.
There are two elevators, one in the north-east pillar and one in the south-west pillar. The third pillar contains a staircase. Riga Radio and TV Tower is one of only three towers in the world that has 3 pillars; the others are the Avala Tower in Belgrade and Žižkov Television Tower in Prague.
The tower started broadcasting in 1986.
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